How Much Topsoil Do I Need? What Does a Cubic Yard of Soil Look Like?

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A cascade of molten lava flowing into Aloi Crater during the Mauna Ulu eruption of Kilauea volcano. Bibcode : GSAB.. Common intrusive rocks are granite , gabbro , or diorite. The probability that this rock would remain standing in the face of such shaking would still be very small, less than 1 percent. A good way to answer the question is with a "shake table," a stainless-steel platform riding on a bed of pressurized air and driven by hydraulic actuators.

Gauging Earthquake Hazards with Precariously Balanced Rocks | American Scientist

All journal articles featured in Rocks & Minerals vol 95 issue 2. All journal articles featured in Rocks & Minerals vol 95 issue 6. GOOD ROCKS!、BOUQUET、IDOL FILEなどを出版する会社. Good Rocks. Vol. 96 on seoauditing.ru *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Good Rocks. Vol. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for ROCKS & MINERALS MAGAZINE NOVEMBER DECEMBER VOL E at the best​.

Good rocks vol 95. Doing so for all the relevant faults allows you finally to determine the rate at which ground motions of certain intensities will happen on your land using accepted models for how the amplitude of ground shaking diminishes with distance from an earthquake source.

With ongoing metamorphism, staurolite appeared, and the rocks reached Best, M.G., Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Oxford: Blackwell, for Names of Rock-Forming Minerals, Am. Mineral., , vol. 95, pp. Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: B1; Journal ID: ISSN ​ Country of Publication: United States. Language: English. The Rocks Pirates were a legendary and powerful pirate crew that sailed the Gol D. Roger, and defeat them for good, earning Garp the title of "Hero of the Marines". ,,; ↑ One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 95 Chapter (p. Igneous rock or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being Igneous and metamorphic rocks make up 90–95% of the top 16 kilometres The country rock is an excellent thermal insulator, so the magma cools slowly, The volume of extrusive rock erupted annually by volcanoes varies with plate. European Geosciences Union General Assembly. (32nd IGC). April • Vienna, Austria. Edited by D.E. Harlov, H.-J. Förster. Volume 95, Issues 1–​2.

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↑ One Piece Manga and Anime — Vol. 95 Chapter (p. ) and Episode , Sengoku goes over Rocks' history. ↑ One Piece Manga. The mineralogical and chemical composition of protolith and mylonite is nearly identical. Thus these rocks provide excellent material for.Good rocks vol 95 °E, A 95 = °; U–Pb age of ± 25 Ma), the Voche-Lambina ultramafics and amphibolites (°N, °E, Although some NRM components of other rocks are not as precisely dated, a number of palaeomagnetic poles are in good internal agreement, forming two tracks of the Lower >Volume: Issue: 3. 39° S ° E, A95 = 11°) dated at m.y. and the Early Jurassic western Victoria basalts (viz. the Bunbury basalt of Western Australia (dated at around 90 m.y.) is in good agreement with other Cretaceous data for Australia, Volume​, NORWEGIAN JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY Vol 95 Nr. 1 () in the play concept​. Porous and perme- able basement rocks may have good reservoir properties. Such rotations can occur by diffusion accommodated grain boundary sliding and this mechanism explains best the microstructure and texture of recrystallized. The core forms only 15 percent of the Earth's volume, whereas the mantle The Earth's crust is made up of about 95% igneous and metamorphic rocks, 4%.

Good rocks vol 95.

Account Options Calcium transport enzyme rocks. Contrast X-ray diffraction technique reveals new details May 8, | A version of this story appeared in Volume 95, Issue OPEN-FILE REPORT STATES crushed stone. However, certain extrusive rocks are too porous to make good aggregate and porosity; pore structure; specific gravity; thermal properties; and susceptibility to volume changes.

Volume 95, Number 1 A good starting point might be to measure the absolute locations of two points on either side of a fault where the two flanks are being. Rocks & Minerals: Vol 95, No 5 - Taylor & Francis Online. Rocks & Minerals Best Rock and Mineral Identification App for - Rock 3. Geology Rocks.   Good rocks vol 95 Observation of pressure stimulated voltages in rocks using an electric potential sensor. Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, (); seoauditing.ru Authors: James N. Brune, Matthew D. Purvance and Abdolrasool Anooshehpoor. Date: January-February From: American Scientist(Vol. 95, Issue 1). Iphone7 mp3 ダウンロード The best way to determine how much material you need is to figure out the volume A homeowner had a French drain that's 95 feet long and 1 foot wide. Washington Rock used the volume formula to determine how much. - of Proceedings of HAZMACON ' Hazardous materials ISP - 1 indicate good applicability of the code for making predictions of the aerosol behaviour buffer against such rock displacements. 98 GENERAL RWM Vol. 95, No.

Good rocks vol 95

Cretaceous and Paleocene rocks, Surghar and Salt R Vol systems and flight station concepts for a transfer vehicle. () On quartz-kyanite rocks in U nst, Shetland Islands, and their bearing on 0m GrOnland, vol. 95, no. 6, pp. 1— () Die Regelung von Quarz und.  Good rocks vol 95 Safe bearing capacity of rocks and soils it! ten Tons (2, pounds to the square foota) Kind of material Minimum Maximum load Rock equal to best asblar masonry. Record, vol. 95, seven articles, November and December, Rock Mechanics and Geology - Group 8E Group 8E- Rock Mechanics and Proc ASCE, J Soil Mech Found Div, Vol 95, No SM3, p , May

Rocks D. Xebec | One Piece Wiki | Fandom

  Good rocks vol 95  

Good rocks vol 95. Recrystallization and Grain Growth in Rocks and Minerals | seoauditing.ru

  Good rocks vol 95  ザ ロープハンティング vol.3 the rope hunting

Good rocks vol 95

For clothes, Rocks appeared to don a high-collared sailor's coat with fringed epaulettes, plus a buttoned shoulder belt. Based on stories of his exploits, Rocks appeared to be an incredibly vicious and ambitious man, having no care as to who he attacked as long as he could garner power for himself and leading his crew to destroy whomever interfered with his ambitions.

He was also quite fearless and indiscriminately ruthless, as he had no issue with killing World Nobles or their slaves if it suited his wishes.

He was also very curious about subjects that the World Government had kept hidden, resulting in him dabbling in those subjects. Although Rocks' individual strength and abilities are unknown, he was well-reputed for presiding over a crew of extremely powerful pirates with clashing personalities and a lack of camaraderie, indicating that he was an extremely powerful and charismatic individual and possibly the strongest person of his time.

Many of these people would go on to make big names for themselves; Edward Newgate , Charlotte Linlin , and Kaido even became Emperors of the New World.

Xebec was considered to be the most formidable rival of the Pirate King, Gol D. Roger , even more so than his then-subordinate Whitebeard would come to be. Garp working together to finally defeat him. Rocks' defeat was also what caused Garp to become a legend and to be known as the "Hero of the Marines ", showing how much of a threat the World Government considered Rocks to be. Kaido, who at some point came to be called the world's "Strongest Creature", seems to put Xebec in the same elite class with a very small number of other notable figures that actually possess the strength to stand against him in battle, such as Kozuki Oden , Shanks , Whitebeard, and Gol D.

Roger, further hinting at Xebec's might. Aside from raw strength, Rocks seemed to be a very intelligent and knowledgeable man, as he was, in studying many subjects that were considered taboo, able to unravel many of the World Government's secrets, which led the Government to decide to erase his name from history. Rocks is seen wielding a sword during the fight with Roger and Garp in God Valley. Over 40 years ago, Rocks and several other pirates arrived at the island of Hachinosu to meet and seek a path to fame and fortune.

As a result of the meeting, Rocks took charge of this group, who called themselves the Rocks Pirates , and led them on a path of destruction with the goal of taking over the world.

Garp and Gol D. Roger , who had formed an alliance. A massive battle ensued, resulting in the dissolution of the crew. According to Sengoku , Rocks is no longer alive. Many of Rocks' subordinates would go on to become extremely notable pirates, particularly Edward Newgate , Charlotte Linlin , and Kaido , who became three of the Four Emperors ruling over the New World. Rocks' place in history has been considerably diminished in the decades since his death, with many younger Marines being unaware of who he is.

According to Sengoku, this lack of knowledge about him is mainly due to the World Government 's intervention, as his path resulted in him dabbling in subjects they forbid.

Additionally, due to the overall lack of camaraderie within the Rocks Pirates, most of Rocks' past subordinates are not inclined to talk about their time sailing with the crew. Rocks' dream of taking over the world would be revived 38 years after his death, as his former subordinates Kaido and Linlin decided to put aside their enmity with each other and form a temporary alliance to conquer the world.

One Piece Wiki Explore. Spin-Offs Video Games. Community Help Back. They would go on to become the strongest crew of their time, to the point of threatening the World Government itself. Garp to team up with the then future pirate king, Gol D. Roger , and defeat them for good, earning Garp the title of "Hero of the Marines". Due to Rocks' quest for domination that led him to dabble in forbidden studies that the government covered up, along with the crew's lack of camaraderie causing them to rarely speak of their time together, the Rocks Pirates became relatively unknown to the next generation.

Five years later, the former members would go on to form their own crews. One Piece Wiki Explore. Spin-Offs Video Games. Community Help Back. Media Community Help Back. Explore Wikis Community Central. Register Don't have an account? Rocks Pirates. View source. History Talk Hovering the symbol may give further details. Categories :. Universal Conquest Wiki. Rocks D. Abilities Devil Fruit Based :. Weapon Based :. Related Articles Islands :.

Story Arcs :. Other :. West Blue :. North Blue :. South Blue :. The Earth's crust averages about 35 kilometres 22 mi thick under the continents , but averages only some 7—10 kilometres 4. The continental crust is composed primarily of sedimentary rocks resting on a crystalline basement formed of a great variety of metamorphic and igneous rocks, including granulite and granite. Oceanic crust is composed primarily of basalt and gabbro.

Both continental and oceanic crust rest on peridotite of the mantle. Rocks may melt in response to a decrease in pressure, to a change in composition such as an addition of water , to an increase in temperature, or to a combination of these processes. Other mechanisms, such as melting from a meteorite impact , are less important today, but impacts during the accretion of the Earth led to extensive melting, and the outer several hundred kilometers of our early Earth was probably an ocean of magma.

Impacts of large meteorites in the last few hundred million years have been proposed as one mechanism responsible for the extensive basalt magmatism of several large igneous provinces. Decompression melting occurs because of a decrease in pressure. The solidus temperatures of most rocks the temperatures below which they are completely solid increase with increasing pressure in the absence of water.

Peridotite at depth in the Earth's mantle may be hotter than its solidus temperature at some shallower level. If such rock rises during the convection of solid mantle, it will cool slightly as it expands in an adiabatic process , but the cooling is only about 0.

If the rock rises far enough, it will begin to melt. Melt droplets can coalesce into larger volumes and be intruded upwards. This process of melting from the upward movement of solid mantle is critical in the evolution of the Earth. Decompression melting creates the ocean crust at mid-ocean ridges. It also causes volcanism in intraplate regions, such as Europe, Africa and the Pacific sea floor.

There, it is variously attributed either to the rise of mantle plumes the "Plume hypothesis" or to intraplate extension the "Plate hypothesis".

The change of rock composition most responsible for the creation of magma is the addition of water. Water lowers the solidus temperature of rocks at a given pressure. Hydrous magmas composed of basalt and andesite are produced directly and indirectly as results of dehydration during the subduction process. Such magmas, and those derived from them, build up island arcs such as those in the Pacific Ring of Fire.

These magmas form rocks of the calc-alkaline series, an important part of the continental crust. The addition of carbon dioxide is relatively a much less important cause of magma formation than the addition of water, but genesis of some silica-undersaturated magmas has been attributed to the dominance of carbon dioxide over water in their mantle source regions.

Increase in temperature is the most typical mechanism for formation of magma within continental crust. Such temperature increases can occur because of the upward intrusion of magma from the mantle.

Temperatures can also exceed the solidus of a crustal rock in continental crust thickened by compression at a plate boundary. The plate boundary between the Indian and Asian continental masses provides a well-studied example, as the Tibetan Plateau just north of the boundary has crust about 80 kilometers thick, roughly twice the thickness of normal continental crust.

Studies of electrical resistivity deduced from magnetotelluric data have detected a layer that appears to contain silicate melt and that stretches for at least 1, kilometers within the middle crust along the southern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. Temperature increases also may contribute to the melting of lithosphere dragged down in a subduction zone.

Most magmas are fully melted only for small parts of their histories. More typically, they are mixes of melt and crystals, and sometimes also of gas bubbles. Melt, crystals, and bubbles usually have different densities, and so they can separate as magmas evolve. As magma cools, minerals typically crystallize from the melt at different temperatures fractional crystallization. As minerals crystallize, the composition of the residual melt typically changes.

If crystals separate from the melt, then the residual melt will differ in composition from the parent magma. For instance, a magma of gabbroic composition can produce a residual melt of granitic composition if early formed crystals are separated from the magma. Incompatible elements are concentrated in the last residues of magma during fractional crystallization and in the first melts produced during partial melting: either process can form the magma that crystallizes to pegmatite , a rock type commonly enriched in incompatible elements.

Bowen's reaction series is important for understanding the idealised sequence of fractional crystallisation of a magma. Magma composition can be determined by processes other than partial melting and fractional crystallization. For instance, magmas commonly interact with rocks they intrude, both by melting those rocks and by reacting with them.

Magmas of different compositions can mix with one another. In rare cases, melts can separate into two immiscible melts of contrasting compositions. The word " igneous " is derived from the Latin ignis , meaning "of fire". Volcanic rocks are named after Vulcan , the Roman name for the god of fire. Intrusive rocks are also called "plutonic" rocks, named after Pluto , the Roman god of the underworld.

Kanaga volcano in the Aleutian Islands with a lava flow in the foreground. Devils Tower , an eroded laccolith in the Black Hills of Wyoming. A cascade of molten lava flowing into Aloi Crater during the Mauna Ulu eruption of Kilauea volcano. Columnar jointing in the Alcantara Gorge, Sicily. A laccolith of granite light-coloured that was intruded into older sedimentary rocks dark-coloured at Cuernos del Paine, Torres del Paine National Park , Chile.

An igneous intrusion cut by a pegmatite dike, which in turn is cut by a dolerite dike. Volcanic rocks : Subvolcanic rocks : Plutonic rocks :. Picrite basalt Peridotite. Basalt Diabase Dolerite Gabbro. Andesite Microdiorite Diorite.

Dacite Microgranodiorite Granodiorite. Rhyolite Microgranite Granite. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Rock formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. Large igneous province. Extended crust. Main article: Intrusive rock. Main article: Extrusive rock. Further information: List of rock types. Main article: Rock microstructure. See also: List of rock textures and Igneous textures. Main article: Igneous differentiation.

Sedimentary geology : an introduction to sedimentary rocks and stratigraphy 2nd ed. New York: Freeman. ISBN Geological Society of America Bulletin. Bibcode : GSAB.. Principles of igneous and metamorphic petrology 2nd ed. Economic Geology. Uranium: Mineralogy, geochemistry and the Environment. Retrieved 13 February Berlin: Springer. S2CID Pyroclastic rocks. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. Journal of the Geological Society. Bibcode : JGSoc. CiteSeerX Pat; Koski, Randolph A. Shanks, W.

  Gauging Earthquake Hazards with Precariously Balanced Rocks

Then our team members calculate how much of a ton of material is water weight and subtract that from the total. How much can my pickup truck or delivery truck carry?

Check out our handy guide below. This post was originally published on May 18, , and was updated on July 9, You must be logged in to post a comment. Skip to content. Washington Rock used the volume formula to determine how much material was need to top off this 95 foot-long French drain.

After getting the volume, we converted cubic feet to cubic yards by dividing our total by Plutonic rocks also tend to be less texturally varied and less prone to showing distinctive structural fabrics.

Textural terms can be used to differentiate different intrusive phases of large plutons, for instance porphyritic margins to large intrusive bodies, porphyry stocks and subvolcanic dikes. Mineralogical classification is most often used to classify plutonic rocks.

Chemical classifications are preferred to classify volcanic rocks, with phenocryst species used as a prefix, e. The IUGS recommends classifying igneous rocks by their mineral composition whenever possible. This is straightforward for coarse-grained intrusive igneous rock, but may require examination of thin sections under a microscope for fine-grained volcanic rock, and may be impossible for glassy volcanic rock.

The rock must then be classified chemically. Mineralogical classification of an intrusive rock begins by determining if the rock is ultramafic, a carbonatite, or a lamprophyre. Both are further classified based on detailed mineralogy. In the great majority of cases, the rock has a more typical mineral composition, with significant quartz, feldspars, or feldspathoids. Classification is based on the percentages of quartz, alkali feldspar, plagioclase, and feldspathoid out of the total fraction of the rock composed of these minerals, ignoring all other minerals present.

These percentages place the rock somewhere on the QAPF diagram , which often immediately determines the rock type. In a few cases, such as the diorite-gabbro-anorthite field, additional mineralogical criteria must be applied to determine the final classification.

Where the mineralogy of an volcanic rock can be determined, it is classified using the same procedure, but with a modified QAPF diagram whose fields correspond to volcanic rock types. When it is impractical to classify a volcanic rock by mineralogy, the rock must be classified chemically. There are relatively few minerals that are important in the formation of common igneous rocks, because the magma from which the minerals crystallize is rich in only certain elements: silicon , oxygen , aluminium, sodium , potassium , calcium , iron, and magnesium.

These are the elements that combine to form the silicate minerals , which account for over ninety percent of all igneous rocks. The chemistry of igneous rocks is expressed differently for major and minor elements and for trace elements. Contents of major and minor elements are conventionally expressed as weight percent oxides e. Abundances of trace elements are conventionally expressed as parts per million by weight e. The term "trace element" is typically used for elements present in most rocks at abundances less than ppm or so, but some trace elements may be present in some rocks at abundances exceeding 1, ppm.

The diversity of rock compositions has been defined by a huge mass of analytical data—over , rock analyses can be accessed on the web through a site sponsored by the U. The single most important component is silica, SiO 2 , whether occurring as quartz or combined with other oxides as feldspars or other minerals.

Both intrusive and volcanic rocks are grouped chemically by total silica content into broad categories. The percentage of alkali metal oxides Na 2 O plus K 2 O is second only to silica in its importance for chemically classifying volcanic rock.

The silica and alkali metal oxide percentages are used to place volcanic rock on the TAS diagram , which is sufficient to immediately classify most volcanic rocks. Rocks in some fields, such as the trachyandesite field, are further classified by the ratio of potassium to sodium so that potassic trachyandesites are latites and sodic trachyandesites are benmoreites.

Some of the more mafic fields are further subdivided or defined by normative mineralogy , in which an idealized mineral composition is calculated for the rock based on its chemical composition. For example, basanite is distinguished from tephrite by having a high normative olivine content. A normative feldspathoid classifies a rock as silica-undersaturated; an example is nephelinite.

The alkaline series is distinguishable from the other two on the TAS diagram, being higher in total alkali oxides for a given silica content, but the tholeiitic and calc-alkaline series occupy approximately the same part of the TAS diagram.

They are distinguished by comparing total alkali with iron and magnesium content. These three magma series occur in a range of plate tectonic settings. Tholeiitic magma series rocks are found, for example, at mid-ocean ridges, back-arc basins , oceanic islands formed by hotspots, island arcs and continental large igneous provinces. All three series are found in relatively close proximity to each other at subduction zones where their distribution is related to depth and the age of the subduction zone.

The tholeiitic magma series is well represented above young subduction zones formed by magma from relatively shallow depth. The calc-alkaline and alkaline series are seen in mature subduction zones, and are related to magma of greater depths. Andesite and basaltic andesite are the most abundant volcanic rock in island arc which is indicative of the calc-alkaline magmas.

Some island arcs have distributed volcanic series as can be seen in the Japanese island arc system where the volcanic rocks change from tholeiite—calc-alkaline—alkaline with increasing distance from the trench. Some igneous rock names date to before the modern era of geology. For example, basalt as a description of a particular composition of lava-derived rock dates to Georgius Agricola in in his work De Natura Fossilium. Much of the early classification of igneous rocks was based on the geological age and occurrence of the rocks.

Iddings , Louis V. Pirsson, and Henry Stephens Washington proposed that all existing classifications of igneous rocks should be discarded and replaced by a "quantitative" classification based on chemical analysis. They showed how vague, and often unscientific, much of the existing terminology was and argued that as the chemical composition of an igneous rock was its most fundamental characteristic, it should be elevated to prime position.

Geological occurrence, structure, mineralogical constitution—the hitherto accepted criteria for the discrimination of rock species—were relegated to the background. The completed rock analysis is first to be interpreted in terms of the rock-forming minerals which might be expected to be formed when the magma crystallizes, e. However, the concept of normative mineralogy has endured, and the work of Cross and his coinvestigators inspired a flurry of new classification schemes.

Among these was the classification scheme of M. Peacock, which divided igneous rocks into four series: the alkalic, the alkali-calcic, the calc-alkali, and the calcic series. Kennedy's tholeiitic series. By , there were some 12 separate classification schemes and at least rock type names in use. In that year, Albert Streckeisen wrote a review article on igneous rock classification that ultimately led to the formation of the IUGG Subcommission of the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.

By a single system of classification had been agreed upon, which was further revised in The number of recommended rock names was reduced to These included a number of new names promulgated by the Subcommission.

The Earth's crust averages about 35 kilometres 22 mi thick under the continents , but averages only some 7—10 kilometres 4. The continental crust is composed primarily of sedimentary rocks resting on a crystalline basement formed of a great variety of metamorphic and igneous rocks, including granulite and granite. Oceanic crust is composed primarily of basalt and gabbro. Both continental and oceanic crust rest on peridotite of the mantle. Rocks may melt in response to a decrease in pressure, to a change in composition such as an addition of water , to an increase in temperature, or to a combination of these processes.

Other mechanisms, such as melting from a meteorite impact , are less important today, but impacts during the accretion of the Earth led to extensive melting, and the outer several hundred kilometers of our early Earth was probably an ocean of magma.

Impacts of large meteorites in the last few hundred million years have been proposed as one mechanism responsible for the extensive basalt magmatism of several large igneous provinces. Decompression melting occurs because of a decrease in pressure. The solidus temperatures of most rocks the temperatures below which they are completely solid increase with increasing pressure in the absence of water.

Peridotite at depth in the Earth's mantle may be hotter than its solidus temperature at some shallower level. If such rock rises during the convection of solid mantle, it will cool slightly as it expands in an adiabatic process , but the cooling is only about 0. If the rock rises far enough, it will begin to melt. Melt droplets can coalesce into larger volumes and be intruded upwards. This process of melting from the upward movement of solid mantle is critical in the evolution of the Earth.

Decompression melting creates the ocean crust at mid-ocean ridges. It also causes volcanism in intraplate regions, such as Europe, Africa and the Pacific sea floor. There, it is variously attributed either to the rise of mantle plumes the "Plume hypothesis" or to intraplate extension the "Plate hypothesis". The change of rock composition most responsible for the creation of magma is the addition of water.

Water lowers the solidus temperature of rocks at a given pressure. Hydrous magmas composed of basalt and andesite are produced directly and indirectly as results of dehydration during the subduction process. Such magmas, and those derived from them, build up island arcs such as those in the Pacific Ring of Fire. These magmas form rocks of the calc-alkaline series, an important part of the continental crust.

The addition of carbon dioxide is relatively a much less important cause of magma formation than the addition of water, but genesis of some silica-undersaturated magmas has been attributed to the dominance of carbon dioxide over water in their mantle source regions. Increase in temperature is the most typical mechanism for formation of magma within continental crust.

Such temperature increases can occur because of the upward intrusion of magma from the mantle. Temperatures can also exceed the solidus of a crustal rock in continental crust thickened by compression at a plate boundary. The plate boundary between the Indian and Asian continental masses provides a well-studied example, as the Tibetan Plateau just north of the boundary has crust about 80 kilometers thick, roughly twice the thickness of normal continental crust.

Studies of electrical resistivity deduced from magnetotelluric data have detected a layer that appears to contain silicate melt and that stretches for at least 1, kilometers within the middle crust along the southern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. Temperature increases also may contribute to the melting of lithosphere dragged down in a subduction zone.

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Former Disbanded or Arrested :. Destroyed :. Others Origin Unknown :. Non-Canon :. Pretend Groups :. Monkey Family :. Monkey D. Gol D. Other Carriers :. Marshall D. Fighting Style Based :. Weapons :.