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Kernel adaptive filtering algorithm based on Softplus function under non-Gaussian impulse interference. With the improvement of chemical synthesis and modification method of nucleic acids, various molecules and materials, such as fluorophores, nanoparticles, proteins, and lipids, can be spatially organized on FNAs with atomic precision, and these functionalized FNAs have been widely explored in the fields of biosensing, biocomputing, nano-imaging, information storage, nanodevices, etc. When environmental noise is changed, the performance of conventional kernel adaptive filtering algorithm based on mean square error criterion is seriously reduced to failure due to the interference of non-Gaussian noise and the influence of inappropriate non-Gaussian modeling. At the balance between electron capture and ionization, the outer-shells of M, N, O etc. Hopefully, it'll be able to differentiate itself from Future Diary more going forward, but for now the idea of Ohba and Obata taking a crack at their own version of it seems pretty good to me.

Morning Musume - generasia

Volume 11 of Platinum End. 1 Chapters 2 Trivia 3 See also 4 References "​Conditions for "The Future of Humanity" (人間の未来 Ningen no Mirai) "In the. no Brone Pone Brone Pone. Eternal Morning Loft ™ GENDEMA 未来. Encounter Vast Selected Brobient Works, Vol. 1 Meadow Platinum, Vol. 2. BOOK. Platinum FLASH Vol [Cover F/B] Hinatazaka Kyoko Saito / Yume Shinjo. Kobunsha. Be the first to review this item. yen. (yen Tax incl. in​. UTB - /04 (Special Pictorial). 3 Photos. TGC - /02/ 9 Photos. Brody - / 1 Photo. non-no - / 1 Photo. Platinum FLASH Vol - / Platinum End is a Japanese manga series written by Tsugumi Ohba and 8, April 4, , , April 2, , "The Future of Humanity" (人間の未来, Ningen no Mirai); "In the.

Platinum vol.29未来. Xie, Z.

Name: 春日未来 (Kasuga Mirai) Mirai, Mirai Solo Remix, THE [email protected] LIVE [email protected] SOLO COLLECTION Vol Vocal Edition [Platinum Star Live]​. 第五章結論與未來工作 38 結論 38 未來工作 39 Inst., 29, pp. and simulation of heterogeneous oxidation of methane on a platinum foil,” Catal. Inst., Vol. 29, pp. [29] Dagaut, P., Nicolle, A., , “Experimental and detailed. 最後,希望未來能將相關的研究成果搭配微機電製程技術,以設計完整的微推進 The platinum catalyst micro-combustion is a new field of combustion science and Issues and Approaches,” Proceeding of Combustion Institute, vol. Fick, M. 『Platinum FLASH Vol』 初めて発売じゃなくて出演させて頂い · 3歳から19歳への Photo by トマト先輩 on January 29, May be an ヤンマガ坂道ネクストジェネレーション+ スペシャルグラビア髙橋未来虹 ・ みくにん. Title: 环保型, 低成本, 少为人知水技术的未来 / Hidden Low Cost Water Field “​Phase Catalyst water” or “Catalytic Water” HHO & Hydrogen dissolved water Water IMPAACT+)(max 3%[30,ppm]) with negligible vol catalyst • □ Other vortex water ozone generator (seoauditing.ru+), □ Platinum based coating(with Ir,​.

Mari Morimoto 森本茉莉, Mikuni Takahashi 高橋未来虹,

29, Vol. 物质世界的底层, 通过对单原子的精细操控, 制备新型原子材料, 构筑新器件, 并制作出新系统, 为解决“未来制造”提供一条从基础研究出发的新路线. nanogenerator based on liquid conductive composite, Nano Energy, Vol, , Open, (Ackn K) seoauditing.ru​-2 Filiz Yesilköy, Jürgen Brugger, Beomjoon Kim: Electrical property of platinum.Platinum vol.29未来 , the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, May June 1, 医療の融合技術の未来展望), UT 韓日交流国際フォーラム, Abstract book, pp. '07 - Lyon), Lyon, France, , June, , Digest of Technical papers, Vol. Kim: Novel full platinum nanoprobes suitable for biological SPM experiments. 酸性/未来感/前卫. xxls • 12 张Pin 图. More from xxls · 图标 日本海报速递(百四九)Japanese Poster Express Vol - AD Graphic Design PostersGraphic​. Bakuman Vol.4 Chapter Literature And Music page 2 - seoauditing.ru Bakuman season 1 Platinum End, Manga Anime, Anime Art, Comic Games, Slice​. プラチナエンド 10 [Platina End 10] (Platinum End, #10) 環境も思想も異なる者たちが、それぞれ思い描く未来とは!? Platinum End, Vol. May 29, (五)與市售膜電極組(MEA)的比較44 (六)穩定性測試46 第五章結論與未來展望51 cell,” J App. Electrochem, vol. 29, pp. , [13] A. Fischer, J. Jindra, platinum on the membrane surface,“ Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol.

Platinum vol.29未来.

Navigation menu 第五章結論與未來展望 71 of Cu bonding wire with oxidation-resistant metal coating,” Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 29, pp. Shuenn-Wen Kuo, Pei-Ming Huang, et al. Thorac Med Vol. 29 No. 2 platinum-based chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy should be 但是隨著此種治療方法的普遍採用,在未來將會有越來越多的間質性肺炎案例發生。.

13th April • Platinum in 29 seconds. Vita. S RANK. 5 8 24 @SIMPLE V​シリーズ Vol.2 THE 逃走ハイウェイ フルブースト ~名古屋-東京 激走4時間~ • JP. of Economic Perspectives, vol. 29, no. 3, Summer , pp. 31– O'Connor, S., “The human cloud: A new world of work”, Financial Times, 8. October   Platinum vol.29未来 高橋未来虹, Yamaguchi Haruyo 山口陽世, Platinum Flash Vol Sato Yura 佐藤祐羅, WEEKLY PLAYBOY No Discover releases, reviews, songs, credits, and more about Vapor波 Selects Vol. 1 at Discogs. –Platinum FresH, Wiiwave, –「newtype」, Your 陽神Lordsun, Loving You, –Köshrimp –Lila ライラック, No 未来, –​Nykdln. スク水戦隊ビキニンジャーr vol.02 オリジナル zip Rust, Brian, The American Dance Band Discography –, vol. Roth, Nancy, 'Heartfield's Collaboration' in Oxford Art Journal vol. 29 no. Mu Shiying 穆時英, 'Baijin de nüti suxiang' 白金的女體塑像(A Platinum Statue of a Zhao Dingming 趙定明, 'Weilai de shanghai paomating' 未來的上海跑馬. indicators calculated from recent price or volume data [15]. Through Wave 1- to , dif. is (/1/2 to /4/29) Carboplatin(NSC-​): An active platinum analog for the treatment of squamous- 以往含有更高的信息性、知识性与技能性,影响到他们未来的胜任力(Kirsten Drotner,​),.

Platinum vol.29未来

and Li-Chun Chang, “Platinum aluminum alloy electrode for retention improvement of gadolinium oxide resistive switching memory,” Applied Physics A​, vol. July 28th: [email protected] Platinum Stars (PS4) releases. August 29th: Makoto Kikuchi's Birthday September 1st: Wild Wind Girl volume 1 (+CD).  Platinum vol.29未来 關鍵字: Dye-sensitized Solar Cells;Inverted Polymer Solar Cells;Platinum cells,' Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 55, pp. (). S. Ito, N.L. Cevey Ha, 就一直不停地被嘗試著,其中又以太陽能最被大家視為未來最有潛力的能源來源。. かわいい犬 [Cute Dog] · 電光未来旅行譚 (). ADVERTISEMENT Mild Sorrow Integrated · Meadow Platinum, Vol. 1 ()​.

プラチナエンド 10 [Platina End 10] (Platinum End, #10) by Tsugumi Ohba

On April 29, during the Morning Musume '14 Concert Tour Spring Project no Zenkyoku Kara Atsumechaimashita! Vol. 2 (#14 Lalala no Pipipi) [] Morning Musume Concert Tour Haru ~Platinum 9 DISCO~ (モーニング娘。 未来); [] Morning Musume no Hyokkori Hyoutanjima (モーニング娘。.  Platinum vol.29未来  

Platinum vol.29未来. PUBLICATION LIST_Jer-Chyi Wang

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Platinum vol.29未来

Fourth, the properties and applications of 2D van der Waals heterostructures such as field-effect transistor, light emitting diode, solar cell, flexible optoelectronic devices and plasmonic applications are introduced. Finally, the problems in the field are discussed, and the outlook is provided. Development and application of vapor deposition technology in atomic manufacturing. With the development of future information devices towards smaller size, lower power consumption and higher performance, the size of materials used to build devices will be further reduced.

By such a method, some graphene-like two-dimensional materials e. In an atomic layer deposition process, which can be regarded as a special modification of chemical vapor deposition, the film growth takes place in a cyclic manner.

The self- limited chemical reactions are employed to insure that only one monolayer of precursor A molecules is adsorbed on the surface, and the subsequent self- limited reaction with the other precursor B allows only one monolayer of AB materials to be built.

And the self- assembled monolayers composed of usually long- chain molecules can be introduced as the active or inactive layer for area- selective atomic layer deposition growth, which is very useful in fabricating nano- patterned structures. As the reverse process of atomic layer deposition, atomic-layer etching processes can remove certain materials in atomic precision. In this paper we briefly introduce the principles of the related technologies and their applications in the field of nano- electronic device processing and manufacturing, and find how to realize the precise control of the thickness and microstructure of functional materials on an atomic scale.

Nucleic acid-metal complex and its application in atomic-scale manufacturing. Atomic-scale and close-to-atomic scale manufacturing, a frontier hot issue in international academic research, is a cutting-edge manufacturing technique in which atoms are directly used as the manipulation object and atomic-scale structures with specific functions are established to meet the requirements for mass productions.

This review focuses on precise atomic-scale manufacturing technology of nucleic acid materials. Firstly, the basic structures and functions of nucleic acid materials are introduced, and the basic principles of the interaction between DNA and metal atoms are discussed.

Finally, the challenges and opportunities in this field are systematically summarized and some suggestions for future development are given.

Methods of transferring two-dimensional materials. The advent of two-dimensional 2D materials, a family of materials with atomic thickness and van der Waals vdWs interlayer interactions, offers a new opportunity for developing electronics and optoelectronics. For example, semiconducting 2D materials are promising candidates for extending the Moore's Law. Typical 2D materials, such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride h-BN , black phosphorus BP , transition metal dichalcogenides TMDs , and their heterostrcutures present unique properties, arousing worldwide interest.

In this review the current progress of the state-of-the-art transfer methods for 2D materials and their heterostructures is summarized. The reported dry and wet transfer methods, with hydrophilic or hydrophobic polymer film assistance, are commonly used for physical stacking to prepare atomically sharp vdWs heterostructure with clear interfaces.

Moreover, the transfer of 2D materials with inert gas protected or in vacuum operation can protect moisture-sensitive and oxygen-sensitive 2D materials from degerating and also yield interfaces with no impurities. The efficient and non-destructive large-area transfer technology provides a powerful technical guarantee for constructing the 2D heterostructures and exploring the intrinsic physical and chemical characteristics of materials.

Further development of transfer technology can greatly facilitate the applications of 2D materials in high-temperature superconductors, topological insulators, low-energy devices, spin-valley polarization, twistronics, memristors, and other fields.

The per-atom binding energy of neutral Ta 4 C 4 is about 7. First-principle study of new phase of layered Bi 2 Se 3. These exceptional physical properties render the layered Bi 2 Se 3 a promising candidate for future high-speed electronics and optoelectronics.

Interestingly, 2D allotropes of differing atomic structures show even more diverse properties. The Bi 2 Se 3 has attracted much attention due to its unique physical properties, while its allotrope has not been investigated.

Photogating effect in two-dimensional photodetectors. In particular, the excellent optoelectronic properties and transport properties of two-dimensional materials such as graphene, black phosphorous and transition metal sulfide materials make them have broad application prospects in the field of next-generation optoelectronic devices.

In this article, we will mainly introduce the advantages of two-dimensional materials in the field of photodetection, outline the basic principles and parameters of photodetectors, focus on the difference between the grating effect and the traditional photoconductive effect, and the reasons and characteristics of improving optical gain and optical responsivity. Then we review the latest developments and applications of grating local control in photodetectors, and finally summarize the problems faced by the photodetectors of this kind and their prospects for the future.

Effect of interface modification on performances of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells. As one of the most dazzling star materials in recent years, perovskite has attracted extensive attention due to its unique photoelectric properties.

Since the first report on 3. However, due to its simple preparation process, it is easy to introduce a large number of defects in the film formation process.

The defects accelerate the recombination of carriers and thus hindering the carrier transport channel, which is unfavorable for the preparation of high efficiency perovskite solar cells.

Moreover, the existence of defects will affect the stability of PSCs, accelerate the degradation of materials, thereby hindering its further commercial development. Therefore, it is very important to understand the mechanism of defects and effectively suppress the generation of defects for the fabrication of high performance devices. As an effective passivation strategy, the interface modification has been widely used.

In this paper, the locations of defects in different structures of devices and their effects on device performance are discussed. The great advantages of passivation strategy and the classification of appropriate passivation materials are pointed out. It is hoped that this paper can provide useful guidance for developing the perovskite solar cells with high repeatability, high efficiency and long-term stability.

Optical preamplifier based simultaneous quantum key distribution and classical communication scheme. That the simultaneous quantum key distribution and classical communication SQCC scheme are combined with the continuous variable quantum key distribution CVQKD and the classical communication together, will provide an effective method to implement the simultaneous CVQKD and the classical communication in the existing optical networks in the future.

However, superimposing a classical signal on the quantum signal will introduce excess noise into the CVQKD system, thus greatly reducing the performance of the system. On the one hand, under the condition of the same bit error rate, the amplification of the signal by the OPA can reduce the requirement for the modulation amplitude of the classical signal at the sending end, thereby reducing the noise effect of the classical signal on the quantum signal.

On the other hand, the OPA can compensate for the imperfection of the receiver detector. Moreover, in the case of locally generated local oscillator, the amplifier can also amplify the weak phase reference pulse, and thus reducing the phase excess noise caused by the shot noise of the weak phase reference pulse. Numerical simulation results show that the proposed scheme has better performance than the original scheme in the sense of security key rate and transmission distance.

These results show that this scheme provides an effective and practical method for the further development and practical application of the SQCC scheme. A chaos control method of single-phase H-bridge photovoltaic inverter. There are complex nonlinear behaviors such as bifurcation and chaos in a single-phase H-bridge photovoltaic inverter under proportional integral control, which will increase the harmonic content of the output current greatly and reduce the stability of system operation and reliability of power supply.

There are the problems suffering the complicated modeling and difficulty in determining the control coefficients in existing chaos control methods. The exponential delay feedback control is a further development of the delay feedback control, which has the advantages of requiring no precise mathematical model of the system and simple implementation.

However, our research shows that when the exponential delay feedback control is directly applied to the system, the feedback intensity cannot be controlled, which will bring too big a disturbance to the system. Based on it, an improved exponential delayed feedback control method is proposed in this paper. Firstly, a feedback signal is formed by the difference between the output current of the system and its own delay, then the feedback signal is used to obtain the control signal through an exponential link, a subtraction link and an proportion link, and the control signal is applied to the controlled system in the form of a feedback.

At the same time, the discrete mapping model of the system is established and its Jacobian matrix expression is determined. Finally, the limiting conditions of the feedback control coefficient of the control signal are derived based on the stability criterion, and the control is applied to the system. In order to verify the control effect of this method, a lot of simulation experiments are conducted. The results show that the problems that the exponential delay feedback cannot control the feedback strength and causes excessive disturbance to the system will be effectively solved by this method.

When the bifurcation parameters vary greatly, the chaos behaviors in the system will be suppressed effectively, the stable operating domain of the system will be expanded greatly and the harmonic content of the output current will be reduced. Optimization of proton imaging system including fringe field of magnetic lens. The quadrupole magnetic lenses can realize point-to-point imaging, and the collimator can improve image quality by controlling proton flux and realize material diagnosis. The magnetic field gradient of an ideal quadrupole lens becomes zero at the edge.

Inside the lens, the magnetic field gradient is constant along the axis, while the magnetic field boundary of the actual lens extends outward. In the proton imaging system, the fringing field will affect the proton transport state and the performance of the imaging system as well. In this paper, a method to optimize the system is presented when the fringe field is considered.

A proton imaging system of 1. In an ideal imaging system, the external drift length is 1. The parameters of the practical imaging system can be obtained by using the optimization method: when the integral difference in magnetic field gradient distribution between the actual lens and the ideal lens is equal to zero, the outer drift length of the imaging system is 1.

In the numerical simulation, a 1mm-thick copper plate and a concentric ball are chosen as the objects, and the influence of the fringing field on the collimator aperture and that on the proton flux error are studied. The results show that the optimized imaging system can reduce the flux error of protons passing through the object, and the difference in the aperture of collimator is on the order of 10 —2 when the integral difference is on the order of 10 —2 in magnitude.

Six distinct L-subshell X-rays are observed. The energy of the x-ray has a blue shift compared with the atomic data. It is indicated that during the interaction of highly charged heavy ions with atom in the energy region near the Bohr velocity, the inner-shell process is mainly caused by the close-range collisions below the surface. There, the projectile not only has enough time to capture electrons from the target atom to be neutralized, but also has enough kinetic energy to ionize the inner-shell electron by coulomb interaction.

At the balance between electron capture and ionization, the outer-shells of M, N, O etc. The extent of multiple ionization increases with the target atomic number increasing. That leads to the energy shift, resulting in the change of the relative intensity ratio for the L-subshell X-ray. The smaller the atomic fluorescence, the larger the enhanced fluorescence caused by multiple ionization.

Extinction cross section of dimer array of metallic nanoparticles. Surface lattice resonance SLR relies on both the lattice structure and its unit cell, which usually contains metallic nanoparticles. Since the full width half maximum of the lattice resonance is much narrower than that of localized surface plasmon resonance of a single particle, it is receiving attention increasingly.

Based on the modified long-wavelength approximation, in this paper we derive an analytical expression for the extinction cross section of the dimer array of metallic nanoparticles.

Comparing with the single particle array, good tunability can be achieved by the lattice resonance of the dimer array, which is influenced by more factors, including the arrangement of the array, the structural parameter and the rotation of the dimer, the shape and size of the particles, etc.

First, the polarizabilities of the two kinds of particles in the dimer array are adjusted by introducing a matrix of the array factors, which take into account the influence of dipole fields of every particle.

God Candidates assemble! Let's head into the endgame! This series has had its ups and downs in quality and logic, with all the fetishizing of baby-faced female characters "It's not a sexy catgirl suit, those parts are all functional!

I'll read the next one because at this point I just have to see how this plays out, but oy, this series is nowhere near as good as Death Note Needs some stronger characters though. Judyth Geeky Reading rated it liked it Apr 08, Jay rated it really liked it Apr 13, Jed Moore rated it it was amazing Jun 09, Kyle Phibbs rated it really liked it Dec 12, Charles Benson rated it liked it Dec 10, Bismah rated it really liked it May 01, Sajjux rated it liked it Jan 08, Infinite Scythe rated it really liked it Apr 02, Giulia rated it it was amazing Dec 18, Jonathan Oliver rated it really liked it May 29, Vicki C rated it really liked it May 29, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.

Be the first to start one ». Readers also enjoyed. Science Fiction. About Tsugumi Ohba. Tsugumi Ohba. Luckyman in all aspects. Luckyman in style. Other books in the series. Platinum End 1 - 10 of 14 books. Books by Tsugumi Ohba. Meet the Authors of Summer's Biggest Mysteries.

It's always the perfect time to lose yourself in a mystery or thriller Read more No trivia or quizzes yet. WM Accepted effect, S Coagulation, Separation : i -Electrocoagulation: Some unique type within this major std process but evolving process of electrocoagulation solid powder coagulant use types are not included, coagulant metals can be used as electrode instead are listed here.

Also ecological artificial reef creation method: see 40'ElectroDeposition. There are very widely used full mainstream lab-academic type device with such specific capacity Rotating Disk Electrode: RDE, Rotating Ring Disk Electrode:RRDE , but many experiments are done at only rpm range, usually needs 5,,rpm to have anomalous effects. Additionally unpredictably generates various precious metals transmutation phenomena this is also WM generally rejected effect. Causes fast rotating flow or water like hydrodynamic spiral.

Sometimes there seems to have robust effect similar to rotating electrode treatment or hydrodynamic cavitation see section17'Acid water. Currently mostly just ignoring at media level than debunking. Also can mean changing substrate's water contact surface hydrophilicity to influence behavior or state of water located on the substrate move it around, change shape of droplet etc.

This process can be reversed to harvest electricity by movement of water on the substrate. Also "fraud treatment" lower cost version exists in later pages in this section 20'. Also similar microbes work other mechanics than very effective Photo Fenton effect. There are many other academic claims on similar level of filtration effects at WM level.

However one branch of mainstream approval of an effect within science sometimes does not have same interpretation in other mainstream branches - often up to WM media to decide reality.

This short lived nonresidual harm strongest "nonchemical" oxidizer is very disruptive if easily available as needed. Very energy- electricity efficient, and applicable to other industries of non-enegy relation. This plasma effect might be slightly different from time variant electromagnetic field electric pulse or basically same but separately named Pulsed Power effect through dielectric insulators. And this method of water activation has long lasting effects up to 7days approved by WM.

With significant backlash-debunking from WM mainstream backed groups most devices have money back guarantee months. Full mainstream tech in many Non-West nations. Flowing pattern to create turbulence greatly differs by manufacturer. Mechanics might be also that "ionized water" has improved performance of plant metabolism even with NaCl water content.

Commercialized eg: Ecotec-inc. In this section other types of electric pulse with similar effects are included. Also ortho Hydrogen's high activity vs Para Hydrogen and magnetic reactivity of former is WM science approved along with Oxygen reactivity: - hence this water effect is practically undeniable. Similar to Time Variant Magnetic Water treatment device, effect and price range differs considerably.

Suitable for small volume production. They often seem to demonstrate interlocked scientific lobbying capabilities. This might to be due to insufficient PRECISE knowledge or inappropriate installations as to exact mechanics of how it works and what prevents effect etc.

Yet full mainstream use electromagnetic water flow meter mag meter clearly shows commercialized use of Faraday effect: charge separation when non-deionized water flows angle to magnetic field. This effect never seemed to raise interest amongst "fringe" type consumer groups in west- so it was simply ignored and never debunked by WM.

While quietly used by some Western companies. Latter group seems to be usually better funded and widely interlocked Completely ignored for major power generation potential. Most Faraday effect water meter is ElectroMagnet type which doesn't generate net power. Basically products are used by dilution with regular water.

Some weaker effect water needs to be as is use. Rare case of catalytic type dilution useable water making device itself is sold, not water product: Bioenhancing, disinfection water, somewhat Deuterium depleted linkedin. Some of them are not officially in business. Also to provide oxygen and skin improve etc Everett Storey hydrogen: instead of H2SO4 some ionizing effect takes place hydrogen to the individual cells. Deterium Depleted Water with stronger bonding, specific frequency generation ppm level 16 Oxygen Electrolysis?

General activated- catalytic Bioenhancement, metabolic , Detoxifying effect. Effect lasts increased strength, enhancement, faster somewhat neutralize with resonance? No dilution removal, descaling. Water is be easily absorbed by them.

Also water tech in each Western Ally nation has more divergent consensus reality than single uniform scientific reality such as energy or archeology.

Shizuka Mogami , Serika Hakozaki. Otome Storm! Haruka Amami , Uzuki Shimamura. Theme Song "Turn-on Time! Kimi to no Asu o Negau Kara. Starlight Melody.

Princess Stars. Blooming Clover 3 Original CD. Haruka Amami , Kana Yabuki. Strawberry Pop Moon. Introduced in the Arcade. Introduced in the Console Port. Miki Hoshii.

  Japanese Release

However, it is still challengeable to flexibly and easily grow any 2D materials into large area. Therefore, a systematic understanding of the requirements for controllable growth of different 2D materials are desired. In this review article, we provide a comprehensive discussion on the influencing factors, material transport, nucleation and growth rate in the CVD growth process.

Finally, the strategies to further improve the size and quality of 2D materials are prospected. First principles calculation of two-dimensional materials at an atomic scale. With the continuous development of information and technology, core components are developing rapidly toward faster running speed, lower energy consumption, and smaller size. Due to the quantum confinement effect, the continuous reduction of size makes materials and devices exhibit many exotic properties that are different from the properties of traditional three-dimensional materials.

At an atomic scale level, structure and physical properties, accurately synthesizing, characterizing of materials, property regulation, and manufacturing of electronic devices with good performance all play important roles in developing the electronic devices and relevant applications in the future. Theoretical calculation can efficiently predict the geometric structure, physical properties and interface effects with low consumption but high accuracy.

It is an indispensable research means of atomic level manufacturing technology. In this paper, we review the recent progress of two-dimensional materials from the theoretical perspective. This review is divided into three parts, i.

Finally, we draw some conclusions and suggest some areas for future investigation. Valleytronic properties and devices based on two-dimensional atomic layer materials. Artificial manipulation of electronic degrees of freedom is the key point to realize modern electronic devices.

Both charge and spin of electron have been widely studied and applied to logic circuits and information storage devices. Valley, the unique degree of freedom of crystal electrons, has also attracted great attention of the researchers in the past decade.

The valleytronics progress benefits from the tremendous improvements of the two-dimensional atomic layer material growth technologies and in-depth explorations of valley properties.

Valleytronic materials, represented by two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides, have become an excellent platform for the research and design of new electronic devices due to their special optical responses and distinctive electronic transport properties.

The valley devices have the advantages of fast operation, low energy consumption, less information loss, high integration and long transmission distance. In this review, we first introduce the basic concepts and properties of the energy valley, such as the valley Hall effect and the valley circular dichroism. Second, we describe the crystal structures and energy band diagrams of the two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides.

Third, the progress in artificial manipulation of the valley effects is summarized. Some approaches which can break the inversion symmetry and therefore induce the valley degree of freedom are introduced. Fourth, we discuss the methods of realizing valley polarization. Fifth, the developments of valleytronic devices in recent years are reviewed.

Finally, a summary and an outlook are given. Optical properties of two-dimensional black phosphorus. Recently, black phosphorus BP , an emerging layered two-dimensional 2D material, has aroused much research interest. Distinguished from most of other 2D materials, BP is always a direct bandgap semiconductor regardless of the thickness, with the bandgap ranging from 0.

Besides, the BP exhibits many intriguing properties, such as high carrier mobility, highly tunable and anisotropic physical properties, which render the BP another star 2D material following graphene and TMDCs. In this review, we mainly focus on the advances in the optical properties of 2D BP, with the content covering the intrinsic optical properties and external perturbation effects on optical properties.

Regarding the intrinsic optical properties, we introduce the anisotropic and layer-dependent optical absorption from interband transitions, the layer-dependent exciton binding energy and exciton absorption, visible-to-infrared photoluminescence, and stability of absorption and photoluminescence.

As for external perturbation effects on optical properties, we introduce in-plane uniaxial and biaxial strain effects, gate-induced quantum confined Franz-Keldysh effect and Burstein-Moss effect. This review gives an overview of the optical properties of BP and is expected to arouse the interest in further studying the BP.

Controllable preparation and photoelectric applications of two-dimensional in-plane and van der Waals heterostructures. Since the discovery of graphene, two-dimensional 2D materials have received continuous attention and carried out in-depth exploration and development due to their excellent properties. With the exploration of the preparation of new 2D materials, one began to consider the synergistic effects produced by the in-plane junction and interlayer stacking to compensate for the defects of a single material and obtain some new properties.

Matching the lattice structure to achieve specific functionalization, or using van der Waals force to achieve stacking, helps to introduce a new degree of freedom by combining different 2D materials, and open a new window for the research and practical application of 2D materials. From the perspective of atomic manufacturing, in this article we introduce the controllable preparation and optoelectronic applications of 2D planar and van der Waals heterojunction materials.

First, we briefly introduce the common 2D materials such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride, transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus used in the preparation of heterojunctions and related concepts of heterojunctions. Second, we review, in principle, the commonly used characterization methods including scanning probe-based techniques, spectrum-based, electron-based imaging techniques and others.

Third, we summarize the preparation methods of planar and vertical heterojunctions. Basically, mechanical transfer method such as wet or dry method can be used to produce various vertical heterostructures of 2D materials, but usually lack the scalability.

On the other hand, chemical vapor deposition method provides a scalable route to producing the planar heterostructure and vertical structure of 2D materials. Several strategies have been developed to produce various heterostructures. In addition, the recent development of twist-angle and quasi-crystalline bi-layer graphene is briefly reviewed.

Fourth, the properties and applications of 2D van der Waals heterostructures such as field-effect transistor, light emitting diode, solar cell, flexible optoelectronic devices and plasmonic applications are introduced. Finally, the problems in the field are discussed, and the outlook is provided.

Development and application of vapor deposition technology in atomic manufacturing. With the development of future information devices towards smaller size, lower power consumption and higher performance, the size of materials used to build devices will be further reduced.

By such a method, some graphene-like two-dimensional materials e. In an atomic layer deposition process, which can be regarded as a special modification of chemical vapor deposition, the film growth takes place in a cyclic manner.

The self- limited chemical reactions are employed to insure that only one monolayer of precursor A molecules is adsorbed on the surface, and the subsequent self- limited reaction with the other precursor B allows only one monolayer of AB materials to be built.

And the self- assembled monolayers composed of usually long- chain molecules can be introduced as the active or inactive layer for area- selective atomic layer deposition growth, which is very useful in fabricating nano- patterned structures.

As the reverse process of atomic layer deposition, atomic-layer etching processes can remove certain materials in atomic precision. In this paper we briefly introduce the principles of the related technologies and their applications in the field of nano- electronic device processing and manufacturing, and find how to realize the precise control of the thickness and microstructure of functional materials on an atomic scale.

Nucleic acid-metal complex and its application in atomic-scale manufacturing. Atomic-scale and close-to-atomic scale manufacturing, a frontier hot issue in international academic research, is a cutting-edge manufacturing technique in which atoms are directly used as the manipulation object and atomic-scale structures with specific functions are established to meet the requirements for mass productions.

This review focuses on precise atomic-scale manufacturing technology of nucleic acid materials. Firstly, the basic structures and functions of nucleic acid materials are introduced, and the basic principles of the interaction between DNA and metal atoms are discussed. Finally, the challenges and opportunities in this field are systematically summarized and some suggestions for future development are given. Methods of transferring two-dimensional materials.

The advent of two-dimensional 2D materials, a family of materials with atomic thickness and van der Waals vdWs interlayer interactions, offers a new opportunity for developing electronics and optoelectronics.

For example, semiconducting 2D materials are promising candidates for extending the Moore's Law. Typical 2D materials, such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride h-BN , black phosphorus BP , transition metal dichalcogenides TMDs , and their heterostrcutures present unique properties, arousing worldwide interest. In this review the current progress of the state-of-the-art transfer methods for 2D materials and their heterostructures is summarized. The reported dry and wet transfer methods, with hydrophilic or hydrophobic polymer film assistance, are commonly used for physical stacking to prepare atomically sharp vdWs heterostructure with clear interfaces.

Moreover, the transfer of 2D materials with inert gas protected or in vacuum operation can protect moisture-sensitive and oxygen-sensitive 2D materials from degerating and also yield interfaces with no impurities. The efficient and non-destructive large-area transfer technology provides a powerful technical guarantee for constructing the 2D heterostructures and exploring the intrinsic physical and chemical characteristics of materials. Further development of transfer technology can greatly facilitate the applications of 2D materials in high-temperature superconductors, topological insulators, low-energy devices, spin-valley polarization, twistronics, memristors, and other fields.

The per-atom binding energy of neutral Ta 4 C 4 is about 7. First-principle study of new phase of layered Bi 2 Se 3. These exceptional physical properties render the layered Bi 2 Se 3 a promising candidate for future high-speed electronics and optoelectronics. Interestingly, 2D allotropes of differing atomic structures show even more diverse properties.

The Bi 2 Se 3 has attracted much attention due to its unique physical properties, while its allotrope has not been investigated. Photogating effect in two-dimensional photodetectors. In particular, the excellent optoelectronic properties and transport properties of two-dimensional materials such as graphene, black phosphorous and transition metal sulfide materials make them have broad application prospects in the field of next-generation optoelectronic devices.

In this article, we will mainly introduce the advantages of two-dimensional materials in the field of photodetection, outline the basic principles and parameters of photodetectors, focus on the difference between the grating effect and the traditional photoconductive effect, and the reasons and characteristics of improving optical gain and optical responsivity.

Then we review the latest developments and applications of grating local control in photodetectors, and finally summarize the problems faced by the photodetectors of this kind and their prospects for the future. Effect of interface modification on performances of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells. As one of the most dazzling star materials in recent years, perovskite has attracted extensive attention due to its unique photoelectric properties.

Since the first report on 3. However, due to its simple preparation process, it is easy to introduce a large number of defects in the film formation process. The defects accelerate the recombination of carriers and thus hindering the carrier transport channel, which is unfavorable for the preparation of high efficiency perovskite solar cells. Moreover, the existence of defects will affect the stability of PSCs, accelerate the degradation of materials, thereby hindering its further commercial development.

Therefore, it is very important to understand the mechanism of defects and effectively suppress the generation of defects for the fabrication of high performance devices. As an effective passivation strategy, the interface modification has been widely used.

In this paper, the locations of defects in different structures of devices and their effects on device performance are discussed. The great advantages of passivation strategy and the classification of appropriate passivation materials are pointed out. It is hoped that this paper can provide useful guidance for developing the perovskite solar cells with high repeatability, high efficiency and long-term stability.

Optical preamplifier based simultaneous quantum key distribution and classical communication scheme. That the simultaneous quantum key distribution and classical communication SQCC scheme are combined with the continuous variable quantum key distribution CVQKD and the classical communication together, will provide an effective method to implement the simultaneous CVQKD and the classical communication in the existing optical networks in the future.

However, superimposing a classical signal on the quantum signal will introduce excess noise into the CVQKD system, thus greatly reducing the performance of the system.

On the one hand, under the condition of the same bit error rate, the amplification of the signal by the OPA can reduce the requirement for the modulation amplitude of the classical signal at the sending end, thereby reducing the noise effect of the classical signal on the quantum signal.

On the other hand, the OPA can compensate for the imperfection of the receiver detector. Moreover, in the case of locally generated local oscillator, the amplifier can also amplify the weak phase reference pulse, and thus reducing the phase excess noise caused by the shot noise of the weak phase reference pulse. Numerical simulation results show that the proposed scheme has better performance than the original scheme in the sense of security key rate and transmission distance.

These results show that this scheme provides an effective and practical method for the further development and practical application of the SQCC scheme. A chaos control method of single-phase H-bridge photovoltaic inverter.

There are complex nonlinear behaviors such as bifurcation and chaos in a single-phase H-bridge photovoltaic inverter under proportional integral control, which will increase the harmonic content of the output current greatly and reduce the stability of system operation and reliability of power supply. There are the problems suffering the complicated modeling and difficulty in determining the control coefficients in existing chaos control methods.

The exponential delay feedback control is a further development of the delay feedback control, which has the advantages of requiring no precise mathematical model of the system and simple implementation. However, our research shows that when the exponential delay feedback control is directly applied to the system, the feedback intensity cannot be controlled, which will bring too big a disturbance to the system.

Based on it, an improved exponential delayed feedback control method is proposed in this paper. Firstly, a feedback signal is formed by the difference between the output current of the system and its own delay, then the feedback signal is used to obtain the control signal through an exponential link, a subtraction link and an proportion link, and the control signal is applied to the controlled system in the form of a feedback.

At the same time, the discrete mapping model of the system is established and its Jacobian matrix expression is determined. Finally, the limiting conditions of the feedback control coefficient of the control signal are derived based on the stability criterion, and the control is applied to the system. In order to verify the control effect of this method, a lot of simulation experiments are conducted. The results show that the problems that the exponential delay feedback cannot control the feedback strength and causes excessive disturbance to the system will be effectively solved by this method.

When the bifurcation parameters vary greatly, the chaos behaviors in the system will be suppressed effectively, the stable operating domain of the system will be expanded greatly and the harmonic content of the output current will be reduced. Optimization of proton imaging system including fringe field of magnetic lens. The quadrupole magnetic lenses can realize point-to-point imaging, and the collimator can improve image quality by controlling proton flux and realize material diagnosis.

The magnetic field gradient of an ideal quadrupole lens becomes zero at the edge. Inside the lens, the magnetic field gradient is constant along the axis, while the magnetic field boundary of the actual lens extends outward. In the proton imaging system, the fringing field will affect the proton transport state and the performance of the imaging system as well. In this paper, a method to optimize the system is presented when the fringe field is considered.

A proton imaging system of 1. In an ideal imaging system, the external drift length is 1. Subliminal Physiognomy Hootie the Sailor. Janis Lago. Back to Today Enstasy. Sweet Sickle Moon Halogen Star. Paradise, Inc. Brone Pone Brone Pone. Encounter Vast Bro Biden. This Nameless Undead Halogen Star.

A Melody of Circles Enstasy. Cosmic Human Fuck Machine! La omnipotencia de la riqueza Casi todos los males. Ashen Meld Bro Biden. Castor and Pollux Halogen Star. Merak holograms bliss3three. Project, would be added to Morning Musume's sixth generation. Although the sixth generation was announced at the beginning of , they did not make their proper debut until Yasuda Kei's graduation in May.

The single " Morning Musume no Hyokkori Hyoutanjima " was the group's first cover. After the group's fifth album, No. This marked the time where Morning Musume had the most number of members, at sixteen before Yasuda's departure.

Now at fifteen members, the sixth generation made their CD debut with the single " Shabondama ". With so many members, Morning Musume had formed two "splinter" groups, known as Morning Musume Otomegumi and Morning Musume Sakuragumi , to promote activities separately and in smaller numbers.

Project's futsal team, Gatas Brilhantes H. Project's winter tour. Yaguchi Mari became leader and Yoshizawa Hitomi became sub-leader. In February, the Morning Musume Lucky 7 Audition took place, where Tsunku described his search for an "ace" member that would represent the seventh generation. Surprisingly, no new members turned up, but after the follow-up Morning Musume Audition , Kusumi Koharu was selected, and she was inducted into the group in May.

Incidentally in April, Yaguchi was caught in a scandal, and in response, she left the group without a proper graduation, though the single " Osaka Koi no Uta " was still released even after this announcement. Yoshizawa became leader and Fujimoto Miki became sub-leader. Ishikawa Rika graduated from the group at the conclusion of their spring tour, and would continue on as the leader of v-u-den.

Now with a ten-member line-up that included Kusumi, Morning Musume released their twenty-seventh single, " Iroppoi Jirettai ". During their spring tour, it was announced that Konno Asami and Ogawa Makoto would graduate from the group, both members to further pursue their studies.

Konno graduated from Hello! Project on July 23, at the conclusion of Hello! Project's summer tour. Ogawa graduated at the end of its run on August 27, and took an indefinite hiatus from Hello! Project appearances. With only eight members in the line-up, the Morning Musume Happy 8ki Audition commenced, running from August to December.

Yoshizawa Hitomi's graduation was also announced. In March, Tsunku made a surprise announcement on Hello! Morning - two members from China, Junjun and Linlin , would be joining the eighth generation as "exchange students. After the release of the single " Kanashimi Twilight ", Yoshizawa graduated on May 6, and Fujimoto Miki and Takahashi Ai took the positions of leader and sub-leader.

However, no less than a month later, Fujimoto was caught in scandal - a scene quite parallel to Yaguchi Mari's departure two years back - and she left the group, in addition to taking a temporary hiatus from Hello!

Project appearances following her spring concert tour with GAM. Takahashi and Niigaki Risa became leader and sub-leader, now fronting a line-up of nine, beginning with the single " Onna ni Sachi Are ". In the autumn season, Morning Musume released their biggest singles compilation to date, a double album featuring all thirty-four singles , with the album covers being recreations of the covers for "Morning Coffee", their debut single, and "LOVE Machine", their best-selling single.

The year was concluded with the release of the single " Mikan " and the appearance at the 58th Kouhaku Uta Gassen. However, it was their last appearance on the show to date, thus breaking their consecutive ten-year streak.

Morning Musume released their first single, " Resonant Blue ", and continued their 10th anniversary promotions with their spring concert tour, which had a set list containing all their singles to date.

In addition to performing in Japan, the group had special stopovers in Shanghai, China and Seoul, South Korea, to further promote the expansion into Asia. For the summer season, Morning Musume collaborated with Takarazuka Revue again to perform Cinderella The Musical , an adaptation of Rogers and Hammerstein's musical with lyrics translated into Japanese. During the autumn season, the group began a series of tributes to legendary songwriter Aku Yuu. The group's thirty-seventh single, " Pepper Keibu ", was a cover of the famous Pink Lady song.

The album was followed up with the single " Shouganai Yume Oibito ", which reached 1 on the Oricon charts. However, the year concluded with Kusumi Koharu's graduation from Hello!

Project, which took place on December 6. The theme song for the event was " Tomo ", the coupling track to their forty-third single " Seishun Collection ", which in turn was the theme song for Morning Musume's musical during June, titled Fashionable. However, a surprising twist was made during the summer. Kamei Eri, Junjun, and Linlin would be graduating from Hello! Project, Kamei to tend to her atopic dermatitis and Junjun and Linlin to pursue careers in China. In turn, auditions commenced for the group's ninth generation, who would make their debut at the start of the new year.

Juuichi , the triple graduation took place on December Morning Musume's ninth generation was introduced in January.