Best and worst cat food brands - Which?

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Copyright CatInfo. This is what may happen when you switch cold turkey from an industrial diet to a raw diet. Deficiency Skin lesions Growth retardation Testicular damage. You need to establish set mealtimes. Even though human baby food is not a balanced diet for long-term use, it is a great tool that can be used to help transition a cat to a texture that he is not used to.

Should You Feed Wet or Dry Cat Food? | Hill's Pet

Reading my cats and biscuit vol samples. 1, 2, 3, 4. my cats and biscuit vol samples - Page 3. 1, 2, 3, 4. Reading Guide. ×.: Mobile: Use left and right. Reading my cats and biscuit vol samples. 1, 2, 3, 4. my cats and biscuit vol samples - Page 1. 1, 2, 3, 4. Reading Guide. ×.: Mobile: Use left and right. Cat food is food for consumption by cats. Cats have specific requirements for their dietary If you want to have your cat nice and clean, treat her now and then to a square biscuits, appears to also have been the first commercial producer of cat food. For an average cat weighing pounds (about 5 kg), it would have a​. From types of cat food to a feeding schedule, WebMD provides tips and advice for feeding your adult cat and providing adequate nutrition. Feeding your precious feline the healthiest dry cat food can be a and fiber help to make your cat feel more full with a reduced volume of food.

My cats biscuit vol.11. Sources of fiber commonly added in weight management cat food include beet pulp, barley, psyllium and cellulose.

Your vet can help you with this. Feeding Adult Cats. The feeding cats table below shows the feeding guide for our adult cat food. These foods are. It does happen, but actually in terms of the sheer volume of My cat is 11 she has been sick 3 times today which she normally is never sick. kind, such as onions, cookies etc which is rather usual for her. How to Tell If Your Cat Is Plotting to Kill You (Volume 2) (The Oatmeal): The Oatmeal, Inman, Order within 11 hrs and 14 mins Details relationships however the illustrations had a cat who had spelled out in cat biscuits " I heart penis". Find out how popular cat food brands, such as Felix, Whiskas, Royal Canin and You can understand more and change your cookies preferences here. 11 June food aisle, confused by the sheer volume and variety of cat food products? So as long as you're buying a complete commercial pet food, your cat is. This is why the statement “but my cat is healthy/fine on dry food” means very little to You would never see a wild cat chasing down a herd of biscuits running and they produce a lower volume of urine (often half of what a cat on canned food My cats have been thriving for the past 11 years on a diet that I prepare using.

Feeding Your Cat: Know the Basics of Feline Nutrition – Common Sense. Healthy Cats.

You can feed your cat wet or dry food, or a mixture of both. Wet foods. These are normally available in tins or pouches. Wet food is soft and there are many different. Visit Kirkwood Animal Hospital in Kirkwood! Your local Animal Hospital that will care and look after your pet family member. Contact us at () to set.My cats biscuit vol.11 Cats seem to prefer their water to be provided in a small bowl located away for their food bowl. that when cats are fed only dry food, they consume less water in total 9 10 11 and it It should not be forgotten that the volume of fluid intake does not You can use cookie settings to change your preferences. Wet cat food may be a good way to help your cat stay hydrated if she has Wet food generally costs more for its volume, so pet parents on a. In addition, the same volume of different foods can have varying caloric and nutritional contents, showing that a one-size-fits-all approach will not. The best dry cat food will keep your kitty healthy from top to tail, with blends Weight: lb, 16lbs, 22lbs and 30lbs | Flavors: Seafood | Fat content: 11% | Protein: 30% way to provide calories in thin cats with food volume limitations. Terms and conditions · Privacy policy · Cookies policy · Accessibility. Preventing dehydration is also crucial if your cat has a kidney or bladder problem​. Fortunately, there This will encourage your cat to explore and remind her to drink water. Dribble a small volume of water into the cat's mouth, then let the cat swallow. Repeat. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy.

My cats biscuit vol.11.

Wet Food: The Downside Buy Profender Topical Solution for Cats, lbs, (Orange Box), 2 Doses at seoauditing.ru Biscuits, Cookies & Crunchy Treats · Soft & Chewy Treats · Dental Treats It's the only dewormer that can be used on your cats' skin to treat and control Color on Box, Weight Range, Volume, Strength, Dosage, Product Page​. If your cat is already "fat" (let's be honest), start at 1/2 cup dry per day and in a month decrease to 1/8 cup 3 times a day. b. Can food only for an adult cat: one (3 oz).

Store Front Item. Fu cat Mofumofu (Syroh) MC and B VOL Favorite. Cart Fu cat Mofumofu MC and B My Cats and Biscuit VOL.7 7. Favorite. Cart. yen. Your favourite cat game to play with me involves a laser pointer. I have a great sense of hearing and can often pick up a pitch that you can't hear. We don't like loud sounds like thunder or crackers during Diwali. practical advantages, such as it is dry, therefore easier to eat and manage food volume.   My cats biscuit vol.11 Learn how much to feed your puppy, how many times a day and what foods they including puppies, have a higher surface-to-volume ratio than larger dogs. A pet store? A “free” kitten from a friend? Make the SPCA your first adoption option. Here's why. Thousands of abandoned cats and kittens. ワンオク ライブ ダウンロード Complete foods give your cat all the nutrients it needs (with the exception of and nutrients in a concentrated, small volume, maximising the. On one side, we have people saying that mixing raw food with kibbles will upset the stomach of your cats or In particular, food with high protein content cause more gastric secretion [11]. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences vol. We use cookies to provide you with a great experience and to help our.

My cats biscuit vol.11

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How Much to Feed a Puppy | Feeding Guide | James Wellbeloved

  My cats biscuit vol.11  

My cats biscuit vol.11. Mixing raw food and kibbles, dangerous or not? — The Little Carnivore

  My cats biscuit vol.11  しろうとガール vol 66

My cats biscuit vol.11

One dose will kill and remove adult tapeworms and adult and immature stages of roundworms and hookworms. Talk to your veterinarian to find out the best course of action. Your cat can be at risk of acquiring intestinal worms any time of the year.

Many of the eggs released into the environment are very durable and can survive environmental extremes, often spanning a few years. It is important as a cat owner to always be aware and on guard year-round, especially if your cat likes to go outside and hunt. As the weather gets warmer, however, wildlife becomes more active, potentially spreading and dispersing eggs into the environment and increasing the chances of interactions with your cat.

Can my cat pass some of these worms on to me or my children? What are some examples? The answer is yes. The same roundworms, tapeworms, and hookworms that can infect your cat can also infect you. If your cat has intestinal worms, there is a risk of you or other family members becoming infected. The most common way people, especially children, can become infected with these worms is through a contaminated environment.

This is because cats that go outdoors think of sand as cat litter. In other words, a sandbox to a cat is a giant litter box. When these eggs are ingested and begin to grow into adult worms, they typically migrate throughout the body affecting the eyes, liver, brain, and lungs, leading to a condition called Toxocariasis.

This is a much more severe condition in children as it can lead to blindness and neurological signs. While people can acquire hookworms in the same fashion as roundworms, hookworms have another trick up their sleeve. When the eggs of hookworms are released into the environment, they can develop into tiny, miniature mobile worms called larvae. These tracks are actually the path the worm is taking in the skin!

Because of this, it is important not to go barefoot or sit on the ground in parks or sand that may be contaminated with animal droppings. Fortunately, after a few weeks or months, this condition typically goes away on its own.

In such cases, contact a physician. While not nearly as common, people can become infected with tapeworms in a similar fashion to that of roundworms and hookworms through the accidental ingestion of infective eggs found in the environment. It is also possible to ingest a tapeworm infected flea without ever knowing it. This can happen through close contact with a pet, such as playing or sleeping, and is more likely to occur in children.

Was easy to seek profender to our foster cat and have our local clinic help us out. My cat had parasites in her lungs and this was recommended by my vet and she is much better. Appetite is back. Very good. Chewy rocks!! I have barn cats that get the royal treatment an air conditioned, heated room in the barn but being outdoor cats, they get tape worms. I have tried giving tablets. No luck and a few scratches and bites.

I smashed the tablets and mixed in canned cat food. The first thing to consider is whether your cat is overweight or underweight. You should base their feeding amounts on their ideal weight and not their actual weight. Unsure what their ideal weight should be?

Your vet can help you with this. The feeding cats table below shows the feeding guide for our adult cat food. These foods are also suitable for senior cats but we recommend less food for the seniors as their digestion starts to slow down. We base feeding amounts on their current weight as well as their age so you will need to keep increasing this as they grow. We recommend moving to adult food at around 9 months old. Read our blog on feeding your kitten for more info. The best option depends on what your cat prefers as well as what fits your lifestyle best.

The payment deadline is five days from the date the invoice is sent. If your payment is not sent within five days your order may be canceled without notice. If you are having problems making your payment, please contact the store directly as soon as possible.

Customers who have too many cancellations by request or non-payment may have their account suspended and no longer be allowed to shop with us. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact us before ordering. We reserve the right to refuse service to anyone. Search Reset. View Cart. Gengas Manuscripts Autographs. Shikishi Autograph Boards Others. Seal Yokocho Phantom. I strongly suggest that all caretakers of diabetic cats home-test to monitor blood glucose levels using a standard glucometer as a matter of routine.

Careful monitoring is especially important when implementing a diet change. See the Cat Food Composition chart. It is troubling to think about the role that chronic dehydration may play in causing or exacerbating feline kidney disease.

I would have to be stranded on a desert island with no other food source before I would ever consider feeding these diets to any cat in my care.

Regarding hydration, I must say that I find it truly amazing when I hear about the very large numbers of cats receiving subcutaneous fluids while being maintained on a diet of dry food. This is an extremely illogical and unhealthy practice and every attempt should be made to get these cats on a diet that contains a higher moisture content.

Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, pork fat preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid , chicken by-product meal. However, please understand that there are no studies showing that restricting protein to this level will prevent further deterioration of kidney function. Of course, the same deterioration can occur in any cat that is not consuming enough protein, but the level of protein in these diets is not only at an extremely low level , it is in an incomplete form for a carnivore.

Note that they are often made up mainly of plant proteins — not meat proteins — especially the dry versions. Please see Feline Urinary Tract Health for a more detailed discussion. The first paragraph on that webpage states:. Cystitis is an extremely common and very painful problem in the cat.

Stones are also very common and can lead to a life-threatening urinary tract blockage. I sincerely hope that these pictures of Opie make a huge impact on anyone who is still not convinced that dry food causes significant suffering in many cats. Rest assured that veterinarians deal with blocked cats extremely frequently which is heartbreaking considering how rarely cats block when on all canned food — especially with added water.

Cystitis can lead to inappropriate urination urinating outside of the litter box and stones can cause a fatal rupture of the bladder by blocking the outflow of urine. This is one reason why it is so important to use a clumping scoopable litter. Clumping litter allows you to see just how much, if any, urine is being voided. Important: I often see too much clinical significance placed on the identification of crystals in the urine without regard to how the urine sample was handled. It is very important to understand that crystals will often form once outside of the body within a very short minutes period of time.

If the veterinarian does not examine the urine right away and either sends it to an outside laboratory or uses a free-catch sample that the owner brought from home, an erroneous diagnosis of crystals may be made. With regard to overall kidney and bladder health, I cannot stress strongly enough how important water is in both the prevention and treatment of diseases involving this organ system.

When a cat is on a diet of water-depleted dry food, they produce a more highly concentrated urine higher urine specific gravity — USG and they produce a lower volume of urine often half of what a cat on canned food produces which means that a higher concentration of crystals will be present in the urine.

This increases the chance of these crystals forming life-threatening stones. It is also thought that the highly concentrated urine may be very irritating to the bladder wall in some cats, predisposing them to painful cystitis. Please keep in mind that a cat has a very low thirst drive and is designed to get water with their food. A diet of canned food will keep a proper amount of water flowing through the urinary tract system and help maintain its health.

Adding TBS of water plain or flavored — such as tuna water, clam juice, chicken or beef broth per meal is also very beneficial. Make your own tuna water by taking one can of tuna and mixing the contents into 3 cups of water.

Pour the water into covered ice cube trays. Freeze to prolong the freshness. Use covered trays to keep the water tasting and smelling fresh. Crystals in cat urine are as normal as the leaves that fall on your driveway. This is what happened to Opie above. To repeat, crystals are not necessarily an abnormal finding in cat urine.

However, they can become a problem if Man continues to insist on feeding the cat a water-depleted diet. Urine pH is also often considered when discussing urinary tract problems but we really need to stop focusing so heavily on pH. Again, a proper amount of water in the diet is the important issue here — not urine pH.

Many of the often-prescribed feline lower urinary tract diets are formulated to make the urine acidic but it is thought that these low magnesium, acidifying diets may actually exacerbate painful cystitis. Also, these acidifying diets often end up promoting calcium oxylate stone formation and can also lead to hypokalemia low potassium in the blood which can cause or exacerbate kidney disease.

It is also important to note — for those people still stuck on worrying about the urine pH — that there are many factors which determine the pH of urine and only one of them is diet. Urine pH varies throughout the day and using one pH measurement from a single urine sample is very misleading and is not terribly helpful information.

With regard to dry food and urinary tract health, aside from the lack of water in this type of diet, there is also a correlation between the consumption of a high carbohydrate diet and the formation of struvite crystals as shown by this study because carbohydrate diets promote an alkaline urine. Brewers rice, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, pork fat preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid ,chicken liver flavor, taurine, preserved with BHT and BHA.

Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, chicken by-product meal, pork fat preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid , chicken, chicken liver flavor, fish oil,.

Diet is not the only issue involved with cystitis but it is an important one and one that we can control. Stress is also thought to play a very significant role in cystitis and even cats that are fed a percent canned food diet may experience bouts of cystitis.

This is a very frustrating disease to deal with and one that the veterinary community does not have all the answers for. What we do know is that decreasing stress and increasing the water content of the diet are the most important management issues to address. The water content of the diet is easy to control — feed canned food with added water.

Cystitis can be extremely painful and it is very important to address pain management in these cats. Buprenex is a good choice for a pain medication and I often dispense it for the client to have on hand for chronic cystitis patients — as long as the client understand the critical importance of close monitoring of the patient to make sure he is passing urine and is not obstructed. Buprenex is superior to Torbugesic which has been used for pain management in the cat in the past.

Burprenex is a prescription medication that you must get from your veterinarian. Unfortunately, many veterinarians overlook pain medications as a very important part of the treatment of this common feline problem.

A very important note on antibiotic usage in these cases: Most cases of cystitis are sterile. In other words, they are not the result of an infection and the patient should not be placed on antibiotics.

Most cats under 10 years of age produce a very concentrated urine USG greater than 1. In cats over 10 years of age, infections are more common but that still does not mean that older cats with cystitis should automatically be put on antibiotics.

The reason that an older cat is more prone to urinary tract infections is because kidney disease is more common in this age group and so these cats will have a more dilute urine which is not as hostile to bacterial growth.

Diabetes and hyperthyroidism are also more common in cats over 10 years of age and both disease render the patient more prone to urinary tract infections. It must be kept in mind that even with a low USG, most cases of cystitis are not due to an infection. Antibiotics are NOT harmless drugs and they need to be used with more critical thought than is currently happening in both human and veterinary medicine.

This is especially true of Convenia. Please do not allow that drug to be injected into your cat without reading my Convenia webpage first. This is not a painful procedure for the cat and this method is the only way to obtain a sample for accurate information in order to properly treat with antibiotics.

One problem, however, is that a sample may be difficult to obtain without waiting a couple of hours since cats with cystitis urinate frequently and often do not have enough urine in their bladder to get a good sample. To get around this problem, your veterinarian can give the your cat a dose of subcutaneous just under the skin fluids.

The patient is then put into a cage without a litter box. Within a couple of hours or less , the bladder is usually full enough to obtain a urine sample via cystocentesis. We have to stop treating all cases of cystitis with antibiotics without supporting evidence of an infection!

Cystitis will often recur in these patients and this painful health problem can be very frustrating to deal with. On a good note, most cats will have their clinical signs spontaneously resolve even without any treatment. In fact, it has often been said, jokingly, that a cat with cystitis will often stop exhibiting clinical signs within seven days with antibiotics and in one week without antibiotics.

When this happens, the abuse of antibiotics continues. IBD can also present with weight loss as the only clinical sign. Too often these cats are treated with a high level of steroids and a prescription grain-laden dry food diet.

I feel very strongly that this common therapeutic regimen dismisses the very significant role that a proper diet plays in our IBD patients. Taking it even one step further, there are many reports of cats with IBD that improved tremendously on a balanced homemade diet. See Making Cat Food for a balanced recipe. Some cats do need steroids temporary or long-term but we need to focus more heavily on feeding these patients an appropriate diet rather than simply relying on immunosuppressive medications.

Hairballs: The frequent vomiting of hairballs can be a symptom of IBD. I often receive emails asking what the best diet is to feed to cats suffering from hairballs.

The bottom line is that as much hair as possible should be prevented from getting into the cat in the first place. This is accomplished with daily brushing or, in some cases, shaving the cat if hairballs are creating serious problems. Amber can only be shaved when she is under general anesthesia. Therefore, almost every summer she gets a dental cleaning and body shave to keep her comfortable during the hot summer months. She never had a problem with hairballs even with a full coat but she is a lot happier without her long hair when the weather is hot.

Hairball problems are not just associated with long hair coats. Shorthaired cats — especially double-coated cats — can also have problems with hairballs. However, a healthy intestinal tract should be able to deal with hair normally ingested by the cat.

Obesity: Obesity is an extremely common and very serious health problem in cats. Overweight cats are four times more likely to develop diabetes than cats that are at an optimal weight. Obligate carnivores are designed to meet their energy needs with a high protein, moderate fat diet with little to no carbohydrates.

Carbohydrates are minimally used for energy and those that are not used are converted to and stored as fat. The choice is then to raise either the protein or carbohydrate content of the diet, or both. When looking at the Cat Food Composition chart, you will note that there are not many examples of this profile.

Because fat is cheaper than protein. You will notice that many of the higher protein diets are fish-based but it is not a good idea to feed fish to cats. Or, at least not as their main diet. It is best to feed poultry-based diets to cats.

Water content of the diet is very important. Studies have shown that cats lose weight much easier on canned food versus dry. Dry food is very calorically dense and is high in carbohydrates which are not as satisfying to a cat as protein is. This is not our goal. The goal is to lose fat while maintaining muscle mass. However, feeding a small amount of a diet that is inappropriate for the species is not the answer! The caretaker often ends up with either a crabby, overweight cat or a thinner cat that may have lost too much muscle mass.

This is obviously not sound — or humane — obesity management advice. Chicken by-product meal, corn meal, powdered cellulose This diet is even more unhealthy than it used to be.

There are much more species appropriate — and less expensive — ways to address feline obesity. Even though thin cats can end up with hepatic lipidosis, overweight cats are much more prone to experiencing this disease. Feeding a high-protein, low-carbohydrate canned diet helps keep cats at an optimal, healthy body weight and, in turn, makes them less likely to end up with fatty liver disease.

Dental Disease: Long-standing claims that cats have less dental disease when they are fed dry food versus canned food are grossly overrated, inaccurate, and are not supported by studies.

This frequently stated among veterinarians and lay people myth continues to harm cats by perpetuating the idea that their food bowls need to be filled up with an unhealthy diet in order to keep their teeth clean. The idea that dry food promotes dental health makes about as much sense as the idea that crunchy cookies would promote dental health in a human. First, dry food is hard, but brittle, and merely shatters with little to no abrasive effect on the teeth. Third, many cats swallow the majority of their dry food whole.

There are many factors — known and unknown — that contribute to dental disease cats such as genetics, viruses, diet, and the fact that cats do not brush their teeth like humans do. There remain many unanswered questions concerning the fact that cats often suffer from poor dental health but one very obvious answer lies in the fact that humans feed cats a diet that does not even come close to what they would eat in their natural state.

When cats consume their prey in the wild, they are tearing at flesh, hide, bones, tendons, and ligaments. This is a far cry from the consistency of dry or canned food. It is very important to understand that plain meat ie — without bones or another source of calcium is very unbalanced since there is minimal calcium in meat.

Remember that when a cat eats his normal prey, he is consuming the bones along with the meat.

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View Cart. Gengas Manuscripts Autographs. Shikishi Autograph Boards Others. Seal Yokocho Phantom. Items Displayed 48 items items items. Sold Out Show sold out Hide sold out. Max Price All 50 yen yen yen yen. Adult Items R18 Show Hide.

Layout Images only Large images Small images Detailed list. Condition All Used only New only Pre-order only. Stock Status All in stock check stock sell shop. Next page. Complex cmp-6fuJC16BA Umeda umd-comic21dJ8QO2R Umeda umd-usg21AJUO The three key negative issues associated with dry food are: 1 water content is too low 2 carbohydrate load is too high 3 type of protein — too high in plant-based versus animal-based proteins.

In addition, dry food is very heavily processed which includes being subjected to high temperatures for a long time resulting in alteration and destruction of nutrients. Where do you think kibble would reside in this scenario?

There is nothing fresh about this source of food and it certainly does not come close to resembling a bird or a mouse. Also keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for weeks or months before your pets consume them. Fats can easily become rancid, and bacteria will proliferate, in this type of environment. There is no doubt that dry food is responsible for far more intestinal problems, and other diseases, than most veterinarians and cat owners realize.

The importance of animal proteins, versus plant proteins. Fresh vs highly processed with synthetic supplements. Problems with carbohydrates in dry cat foods.

Cats need to eat water-rich food. Reading a pet food ingredient label. Marketing labels. Common medical problems associated with dry food. Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Hepatic Lipidosis fatty liver disease. The safety of dry food. Tips for Transitioning — Getting dry food addicts to eat canned food. What I feed to my cats. Some final thoughts. That may sound like a very obvious and basic statement but if you think about it…….

Of course, in order to be on board with the preventative nutrition argument, a person has to understand the following facts:. Dietary water and urinary tract health. Postprandial glycemia. The Carnivore Connection to Nutrition in Cats.

Cats are obligate strict carnivores and are very different from dogs in their nutritional needs. It means that cats lack specific metabolic enzymatic pathways and cannot utilize plant proteins as efficiently as animal proteins. Proteins derived from animal tissues have a complete amino acid profile.

Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Think of them as pieces of a puzzle. Plant-based proteins do not contain the full complement puzzle pieces of the critical amino acids required by an obligate carnivore.

The quality and composition of a protein are all of the puzzle pieces present? Humans and dogs can take the pieces of the puzzle in the plant protein and, from those, make the missing pieces. Cats cannot do this. This is why humans and dogs can live on a vegetarian diet but cats cannot. Note that I do not recommend vegetarian diets for dogs. Taurine is one of the most important nutrients present in meat but it is missing from plants. Taurine deficiency will cause blindness and heart problems in cats.

The protein in dry food, which is often heavily plant-based, is not equal in quality to the protein in canned food, which is meat-based. The protein in dry food, therefore, earns a lower biological value score.

Because plant proteins are cheaper than meat proteins, pet food companies will have a higher profit margin when using corn, wheat, soy, rice, etc. They will then claim that these missing elements are added to their diets to make it complete and balanced to sustain life in an obligate carnivore. This is the kind of arrogance that has led to fatal errors in the past. Not all that long ago s cats were going blind and dying from heart problems due to this arrogance.

It was discovered in the late s that cats are exquisitely sensitive to taurine deficiency and our cats were paying dearly for humans straying so far from nature in order to increase the profit margin of the pet food manufacturers. There are several situations that can lead to a diet being deficient in taurine but one of them is using a diet that relies heavily on plants grains, etc.

Instead of lowering their profit margin and going back to nature by adding more meat to the diets, the pet food companies simple started supplementing their diets with synthetic taurine. This may be all well and good for this particular problem, but how do we know that we are not blindly going along unaware of other critical nutrients that are missing from a plant-based diet?

Why are nutritionists so arrogant to think that we can safely stray so far from what a cat is designed by nature to eat? Also note that synthetic taurine is manufactured from a chemical reaction and all taurine at least that I know of comes out of China.

With regard to the overall protein amounts contained in dry versus canned food, do not be confused by the listing of the protein percentages on the packaging.

At first glance, it might appear that the dry food has a higher amount of protein than the canned food—but this is not true on a dry matter basis which considers the food minus the water. Most canned foods, when figured on a dry matter basis, have more protein than dry food. And remember, even if this was not the case, the percentage numbers do not tell the whole story.

Do cats survive on these heavily synthetically supplemented plant-based diets? Yes, many of them do. It has been cooked at very high temperatures for a long period of time. Nutritionists then have to guess which nutrients — in what form and amounts — were destroyed by this cooking process and then try to add them back into the diet. Many companies e. In their natural setting, cats—whose unique biology makes them true carnivores—would not consume the high level of carbohydrates grains, potatoes, peas, etc.

You would never see a wild cat chasing down a herd of biscuits running across the plains of Africa or dehydrating her mouse and topping it off with corn meal. The average dry food contains percent carbohydrate calories.

Some of the cheaper dry foods contain even higher levels. Please note that not all canned foods are suitably low in carbohydrates. Cats have a physiological decrease in the ability to utilize carbohydrates due to the lack of specific enzymatic pathways that are present in other mammals, and they lack a salivary enzyme called amylase. Cats have no dietary need for carbohydrates and, more worrisome is the fact that a diet that is high in carbohydrates can be detrimental to their health as explained below.

With this in mind, it is as illogical to feed a carnivore a steady diet of meat-flavored cereals as it would be to feed meat to a vegetarian like a horse or a cow, right? So why are we continuing to feed our carnivores like herbivores? Why are we feeding such a species-inappropriate diet? The answers are simple. Dry food is convenient. Affordability and convenience sells. However, is a carbohydrate-laden, plant-based, water-depleted dry food the best diet for our cats? Absolutely not.

Water is an extremely important nutrient that contributes to overall health in every living creature. Couple this with the fact that cats do not have a very strong thirst drive when compared to other species, and you will understand why it is critical for them to ingest a water-rich diet. Dry food only contains percent water whereas canned foods contain approximately 78 percent water.

Water intake of cats on dry vs canned food. Put another way, a cat on a canned food diet consumes approximately double the amount of water consumed by a cat eating dry food when all sources food and water bowl are considered.

This is a crucial point when one considers how common kidney and bladder problems are in the cat. Please keep in mind that when your cat starts eating a more appropriately hydrated diet of canned food, his urine output will increase which is a very good thing for bladder health. Because of this increase in urine production , litter boxes need to be scooped more frequently or more boxes need to be added to the home. Non-clumping litters do not allow you to remove all of the urine and are not sanitary litters.

For more details regarding pet food ingredient labels, see Commercial Foods. Note: If you are tempted to write to me to ask what food you should feed to your cat, understand that specific advice cannot be provided via email. If someone wants to discuss the information contained on this site in more detail, an appointment for a phone consultation needs to be set up. Before you get too confused and frustrated when reading this section, I will say at the outset: I would much rather see a cat eat any canned food versus any dry food — regardless of quality level of the canned or dry food.

This includes Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc. Try not to drive yourself nuts when picking out a canned cat food. The first four columns show the caloric distribution which is the best way to analyze food.

I ignore the dry matter basis columns. See Making Cat Food for more information. Unfortunately, pet food labels are not held to the same standard as human food labels. This means that pet food labels are seriously lacking in usable information when compared to a package of food for a human.

However, understand that pet food companies can change their formulations at any point in time so if you desire the most up-to-date information, you will need to call the individual companies.

The ingredient list can help us out — but only in some ways. For instance, if you do not see high carbohydrate ingredients such as grains, potatoes, peas, etc.

However, if these high carbohydrate ingredients are listed, you have no idea of the amount in the food and, therefore, no knowledge of the carbohydrate level. Without knowing the actual amount of each ingredient, we have no indication of the impact of the ingredient on the nutritional profile of the food. Only the composition value will answer that question. This is why it is important to not just consider the list of ingredients but to also look at the Cat Food Composition chart, or call the company for the information.

A good example of the above issue is a food like canned Wellness. At first glance, this food may be dismissed as inappropriate for a carnivore because it contains several high carbohydrate ingredients in the form of fruits and vegetables, including potatoes which are very high in starch carbohydrate.

Stay away from food with gravy and sauces because they usually use high carbohydrate thickeners. Soy contains phytoestrogens and soy also negatively influences the thyroid gland. Given how common hyperthyroidism is in the cat, soy has no business being in cat food.

Unfortunately, soy is a common ingredient used by many pet food manufacturers — especially Purina — because it enhances their profit margin. By-products are always a controversial subject but it makes much more sense to feed animal-based by-products to a cat than it does to feed grains or potatoes. Therefore, do not shy away from the more economical foods like Friskies or 9-Lives if you cannot afford the more expensive canned foods without by-products.

I would much rather see a cat eating an all-by-product canned food than any dry food. By-products are not necessarily low quality protein sources. In fact, they can be extremely nutritious. However, there is more variability when quality is being considered when compared to muscle meat.

By-products are discussed in more detail on the Commercial Foods page in this section. The higher priced canned foods that I referenced above, have a muscle meat listed as the first ingredient. By-products can include feet, intestines, feathers, egg shells, etc.

There are far better options available that are healthier and not as expensive. Preservatives are important ingredients that we need to pay attention to. Be sure to check the current labels. Other companies abandoned the practice of using these chemicals as preservatives long ago — opting for more natural and safer methods.

This label originally started out in the dry food market but it has now made its way to canned food labels. Cats did not stop being obligate carnivores just because we put a roof over their heads.

No matter the breed, the cat is still an obligate carnivore. Royal Canin was one of the first companies to come out with these breed specific diets as a marketing gimmick. Keep in mind that a large marketing budget does not equate with the manufacturing of high quality or healthy products. These diets represent an area of the commercial cat food industry that is very misleading and, quite frankly, a source of embarrassment for this profession.

These diets are often very high in carbohydrates and, of course, all of the dry versions are water-depleted. Many of them also contain by-products as the main — and often only — source of protein. While by-products can be very nutritious and this really is the least of my concerns regarding these diets , they are cheaper than muscle meat so one would think that as much as these diets cost, the companies could include some muscle meat, in addition to by-products, for a more consistent source of high quality protein.

See by-products on the Commercial Food page for more details. The ingredients are as follows:. The base ingredients and composition mirror those of many dry foods found in pet stores and supermarkets. Also, this is a very good example of the ingredient splitting rule. It allows the grain fractions to be broken up into smaller components which places them lower on the list since ingredients are listed by weight.

However, when all of the grain fractions are added up, their contribution to the diet including the protein content often greatly outweighs the first ingredient. My questions about the quality and composition of their prescription diets are always met with dead silence. It is important to note that most of these diets do not have robust clinical feeding studies supporting their safety for long-term feeding or even for use in treating the various diseases they target.

On the contrary, we have plenty of evidence to show that feeding water-depleted, high carbohydrate, plant-based diets to carnivores does not honor their carnivorous make-up but, instead, promotes disease in this species. Including the FDA. The fox is definitely guarding the henhouse and the FDA shows no interest in remedying the situation. This field of study is not emphasized in veterinary schools and the minimal course work that is required, is often taught by people who have strong ties to the pet food industry.

These are also usually the same people who are advising general practitioners on all matters of nutrition. After recognizing this situation, you will see an obvious and very significant conflict of interest. However, nothing could be further from the truth. In other words, these diets contain no ingredient that actually requires a prescription.

However, this perception of quality is undeserved and this incestuous relationship jeopardizes the integrity of our profession. These companies make it very easy for us. If a cat comes in with kidney disease? If a cat comes in with a urinary tract problem? In addition, they are simply not necessary and do not optimally address the problems they claim to treat.

Regarding making cat food: People often overestimate what it takes to make a nutritious meal for their cat and assume that it means slaving away in the kitchen every day. I can assure you, it is much easier than that. Since , I have spent a few hours in the kitchen times a year making food for my cats which is a very small price to pay for the control that I have over what goes into their food bowls.

There is a very strong and extremely logical connection between the way that we are currently feeding our obligate carnivores and many of the life-threatening diseases that afflict them. Diabetes: Diabetes is a very serious — and difficult to manage — disease that is not uncommon in cats. We do not know all of the causes of this complex disease but what we do know is that many diabetic cats cease needing insulin or have their insulin needs significantly decrease once their dietary carbohydrate level is decreased to a more species-appropriate level than that found in many commercial foods.

Given this fact, and given what we know about how the cat processes carbohydrates, it is not a stretch to say that high carbohydrate diets could very well be a significant factor in causing diabetes in some cats. Please see this paper discussing the elevated blood glucose in cats after eating a high carbohydrate meal:. In addition to the issue of carbohydrates and how they affect the blood sugar level of some cats, dry food is very calorie dense, is very palatable, and is usually free-fed.

This often leads to obesity. Fat cells produce a substance that makes the other cells in the body resistant to insulin. This promotes the diabetic state. It is very important to understand the impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of a diabetic cat. If you have decided to start feeding your diabetic cat a low carbohydrate diet, please do not change the diet until you review my Feline Diabetes page — especially the STOP sign section — otherwise you will be putting your cat in danger.

Please also be aware that many veterinarians underestimate the favorable impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of the patient and they do not lower the insulin dose enough. If the insulin is not lowered accordingly, an overdose of insulin will occur which can be life-threatening. I strongly suggest that all caretakers of diabetic cats home-test to monitor blood glucose levels using a standard glucometer as a matter of routine.

Careful monitoring is especially important when implementing a diet change. See the Cat Food Composition chart. Our survey results below highlight Which? We also asked them to score for value for money and whether they slightly agreed or strongly agreed with these statements:.

As well as ratings for individual aspects, we've given each brand an overall customer score, based on customers' overall satisfaction and likelihood of recommending it. If you'd like to see how your cat food scored or are interested in which brand does best, have a look through the table below. Compare popular cat food brands, including Royal Canin , Purina One , Iams , James Wellbeloved and Whiskas , in more detail, including what members think of them.

Varying package sizes and different portion size recommendations makes it tricky working out how much your cat food is actually costing you each month.

We've compared the monthly cost of the three most popular brands of cat food, as well as the best and worst scoring brands from our survey. As well as a more detailed look at the five brands mentioned above and their individual scores, we've compared the monthly cost of each brand, based on an average 4kg cat on a simple dry food diet.

According to Andrew Miller, a pet nutritionist at Premier Nutrition, 'as long as a commercial food whether it is dry, wet, frozen, raw, boutique, grain-free, etc is nutritionally complete then it is designed to provide everything a pet needs to remain healthy.

Some pets have specific nutritional needs based on clinically identified issues and they should be fed diets appropriate to their needs under veterinary supervision. Whether you choose grain-free cat food, raw cat food, hypoallergenic cat food or just a simple kibble, commercial grade cat food that meets PFMA guidelines is nutritionally sound. You can check on the PFMA website to find out whether your pet food brand's manufacturer is a member.

Beyond that, it's about what your individual pet likes the taste of and how much you're willing to spend. Pet obesity is the top welfare concern for vets. According to Cats. Cats put on weight by eating more food than they need, but it just takes time and a bit of effort to get them back into shape. Daniella Dos Santos from the British Veterinary Association BVA told us that 'obesity is a serious health and welfare issue for pets and we know that more and more veterinary practices are seeing overweight animals coming through their doors with weight-related problems like musculoskeletal conditions, breathing issues and diabetes.

If you think your four-legged friend might be overweight, book in a visit with your local vet for advice and an action plan.