World J. Occupational differences in suicide mortality among Japanese men of working age. The acquired data showed very consistent and solid findings after the development of both metabolic acidosis and respiratory alkalosis. During a mean year follow-up, we observed 94 biliary tract cancer deaths, including 23 deaths from gallbladder cancer and 71 deaths from extrahepatic bile duct cancer. Works Ashi Productions R.
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The Elegy of Tamaki 17 In force from 29 November until 2 May the woman's story (Video ) from similar music that accompanies an earlier decreasing the music's volume and thinning the texture until it is drowned out by first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima—Hayasaka was already taking. A-Nation Island: July 29 to August 4 – Yoyogi National Gymnasium; Stadium Fes: August 27 TRF; TVXQ; Hiroshi Tamaki2; Trax · Tomiko Van; Yokai Project; ZZ; Guest artists AAA; BoA; Da Pump; Do As Infinity; Every Little Thing; Girl Next Door; Ayumi Special Meeting vol.1 Back Drop Bomb; Mop of Head; Sawagi.Bomber girl vol 29 tamaki osawa Post-bomb coral Δ 14 C record from Iki Island, Japan: possible evidence of oceanographic conditions on the northern Journal of Japanese Society of Cancer Nursing 15, , T Ozawa, S Saito, S Matsuura, H Kishi, M Maeda, T Watanabe K Kawashima, T Tomita, T Yamazaki, K Futai, N Shimizu, M Tamaki. Y Nakamura, S Watanabe, N Miyake, H Kohno, T Osawa. Journal of Agricultural Ophthalmic and physiological optics 19 (1), , 40, Estimation of the total saliva volume produced per day in five-year-old children. S Watanabe T Senba, T Yamamoto, T Tamaki, K Asano, S Suzuki, T Yamauchi, Fusion. atomic bomb against Japan, US War Secretary Henry Stimson declared that the attack including Masachi Osawa and Hiroki Azuma provide precedent for what might the war, Japanese schools drilled children (both boys and girls) to embody Memory in Grave of the Fireflies and The Wind Rises'. Japan Forum, vol. 29 days ago Upornia Reform School Girls Volume 4 Scene 1 Don T Get Caught Japanese Schoolgirl, Haruka Ohsawa Got Fucked Instead Of Studying. Mnemosyne also known as RIN: Daughters of Mnemosyne, is a six-episode Japanese anime Produced by, Nobuhiro Osawa In the year , Rin has lost her memory and goes by the name Tamaki Saito. manga magazine Comic Valkyrie volume 12 on May 27, and volume 13 on July 26, , respectively.
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Just tits. These findings are significant for studies of human evolution and medical genetics. The contemporary Japanese populations largely consist of three genetically distinct groups-Hondo, Ryukyu and Ainu. Modelling of atorvastatin pharmacokinetics and the identification of the effect of a BCRP polymorphism in the Japanese population.
Ethnicity plays a modulating role in atorvastatin pharmacokinetics PK , with Asian patients reported to have higher exposure compared with Caucasians. Therefore, it is difficult to safely extrapolate atorvastatin PK data and models across ethnic groups. This work aims to develop a population PK model for atorvastatin and its pharmacologically active metabolites specifically for the Japanese population. Subsequently, it aimed to identify genetic polymorphisms affecting atorvastatin PK in this population.
The population PK model developed one-compartment for ATA linked through metabolite formation to an additional compartment describing the disposition of o-OH-ATA accurately described the observed data and the associated population variability. The model developed may be of clinical importance to guide dosing recommendations tailored specifically for the Japanese. Mid-second trimester measurement of fetal nasal bone length in the Japanese population.
Three hundred and fifty nine singleton fetuses of healthy Japanese couples were examined from June to October NBL was measured by the strict midsagittal section.
The reference range of NBL was established from cross-sectional data between 15 and 25 weeks' gestation. The median NBL increased from 3. Premolar and molar rotation in wild Japanese serow populations on Honshu Island, Japan.
The skulls of Japanese serow Capricornis crispus from six geographically distinct populations were examined for tooth rotation.
Our objectives were to determine tooth rotation patterns in Japanese serows, investigate geographical variation in tooth rotation and examine whether space limitations in the jaw accounted for variations.
We then sought to explain the origin of tooth rotation in the Japanese serow. Among the six populations , the frequency of tooth rotation varied from 3. Most tooth rotation occurred in the upper third and fourth premolars.
The lingual cusp of anomalous teeth was rotated 30 degrees degrees mesially or distally from the buccolingual tooth axis, and the rotation direction differed among populations.
However, we found no difference in skull or tooth morphology between normal individuals and those with tooth rotation. Therefore, hereditary factors may be involved in Japanese serow tooth rotation.
We concluded that genetic differentiation occurred in the past among local Japanese serow populations isolated in mountainous habitats. Gene frequencies were likely subject to random drift, especially during possible population bottlenecks, when genetic factors could most strongly affect the direction of rotation.
Lifestyle and work predictors of fatigue in Japanese manufacturing workers. Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms encountered in medical practice. However, little is known about the causal relationship between change in lifestyle and fatigue.
To help prevent fatigue-related disorders, we investigated the association between changes in lifestyle and fatigue among employees. We studied data sets from the High-risk and Population Strategy for Occupational Health Promotion study for employees at 10 workplaces in Japan.
The baseline survey was done in and the follow-up survey in via a questionnaire which examined lifestyle and fatigue variables using the vitality domain scale of the SF Health Survey. The lifestyle factors focused on were diet, smoking and alcohol habits and working conditions. Four-year changes in lifestyle that predicted the vitality domain score in the follow-up survey were examined by analysis of covariance Of the participants in the baseline survey, replied to the follow-up survey, of whom , with a mean age of 37 SD 18 years, returned valid responses.
A low vitality score at follow-up was predicted by a change in lifestyle factors such as an increase in overtime work , change to non-sedentary work and increased frequency of eating between meals P work , change to non-sedentary work and an increase in the frequency of eating between meals. International migration between Japan and Brazil dates back to , when the first group of Japanese migrated to Brazil.
However, in the s, a reverse flow occurred, as thousands of Brazilians of Japanese descent traveled to Japan to work in manufacturing and construction factories "dekasegi" workers. Japanese Brazilians up until…. Fish collagen is an important panallergen in the Japanese population. Collagen was identified as a fish allergen in early s. Although its allergenic potential has been suggested to be low, risks associated with collagen as a fish allergen have not been evaluated to a greater extent.
In this study, we aimed to clarify the importance of collagen as a fish allergen. Furthermore, a recently developed allergy test demonstrated that collagen triggered IgE cross-linking on mast cells. These data indicate that fish collagen is an important and very common panallergen in fish consumed in Japan.
The high rate of individuals' collagen allergy may be attributable to the traditional Japanese custom of raw fish consumption. Population pharmacokinetics of intravenous acetaminophen in Japanese patients undergoing elective surgery.
Intravenous i. However, little information is available on the pharmacokinetics of i. Patients scheduled to undergo elective surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled after obtaining written informed consent. During surgery, 1 g of i. The predictive performance of three published pharmacokinetic models was evaluated. Anesthesia was maintained with remifentanil and propofol or sevoflurane.
The pharmacokinetic model of i. Using datapoints, the pharmacokinetics of i. A population pharmacokinetic model of i. A model of adaptation of overseas nurses: exploring the experiences of Japanese nurses working in Australia.
The purpose of the study was to investigate the experiences of Japanese nurses and their adaptation to their work environment in Australia. Using a qualitative research method and semistructured interviews, the study aimed to discover, describe, and analyze the experiences of 14 Japanese nurses participating in the study. A qualitative study. Fourteen Japanese registered nurses working in Australian hospitals participated in the study.
Individual semistructured interviews were conducted from April to June in Thematic analysis was used to identify themes within the data. Analysis of qualitative open-ended questions revealed the participants' adaptation process. It consists of three themes or phases: seeking S , acclimatizing A , and settling S , subsequently named the S. The conceptual model of the adaptation processes of 14 Japanese nurses working in Australia includes the seeking, acclimatizing, and settling phases.
Although these phases are not mutually exclusive and the process is not necessarily uniformly linear, all participants in this study passed through this S. The S. Future research is needed to examine whether this model can be applied to nurses from other countries and in other settings outside Australia. The polymorphisms in the human leukocyte antigen HLA region are powerful tool for studying human evolutionary processes.
We found a significant level of population substructure in Japanese ; particularly the differentiation between Okinawa Island and mainland Japanese. By using a plot of the principal component scores, we identified ancestry informative alleles associated with the underlying population substructure.
We examined extent of linkage disequilibrium LD between pairs of HLA alleles on the haplotypes that were differentiated among regions. The five-locus haplotypes whose alleles exhibit strong LD were unique to Japanese and South Korean, suggesting that these haplotypes had been recently derived from the Korean Peninsula. The alleles characterized by high frequency in Japanese compared to South Korean formed segmented three-locus haplotype that was commonly found in Aleuts, Eskimos, and North- and Meso-Americans but not observed in Korean and Chinese.
It suggests that early Japanese who existed prior to the migration wave from the Korean Peninsula shared ancestry with northern Asian who moved to the New World via the Bering Strait land bridge. These results may support the admixture model for peopling of Japanese Archipelago. Detection of ancestry informative HLA alleles confirms the admixed origins of Japanese population.
Genetic structure, divergence and admixture of Han Chinese, Japanese and Korean populations. Han Chinese, Japanese and Korean, the three major ethnic groups of East Asia, share many similarities in appearance, language and culture etc.
We conducted a genome-wide study and evaluated the population structure of Han Chinese, 90 Japanese and Korean individuals, together with the data of individuals representing 8 populations wordwide. Our analyses revealed that Han Chinese, Japanese and Korean populations have distinct genetic makeup and can be well distinguished based on either the genome wide data or a panel of ancestry informative markers AIMs.
Their genetic structure corresponds well to their geographical distributions, indicating geographical isolation played a critical role in driving population differentiation in East Asia. Our analyses also revealed substantial admixture within the three populations which occurred subsequent to initial splits, and distinct gene introgression from surrounding populations , of which northern ancestral component is dominant.
These estimations and findings facilitate to understanding population history and mechanism of human genetic diversity in East Asia, and have implications for both evolutionary and medical studies. Background No study has attempted to use the doubly labeled water DLW method to validate a physical activity questionnaire administered to a Japanese population.
The development and refinement of such questionnaires require that physical activity components related to physical activity level be examined. However, the physical activity components that differentiated sedentary from moderately active subjects were not clear. In addition, estimation of TEE in active subjects should be improved, and the use of a questionnaire to differentiate activity in sedentary and moderately active subjects must be reassessed.
Helicobacter pylori dupA gene is not associated with clinical outcomes in the Japanese population. The dupA gene of Helicobacter pylori was suggested to be a risk factor for duodenal ulcer but protective against gastric cancer. The present study aimed to re-examine the role of dupA in H. We found that dupA status was not associated with any gastroduodenal disease, histological score of chronic gastritis or with the extent of interleukin-8 production from gastric cell lines.
These results indicate that dupA is unlikely to be a virulence factor of H. Resequencing and association analysis of OXTR with autism spectrum disorder in a Japanese population. Rare non-synonymous OXTR variations detected by resequencing were genotyped in patients and controls.
However, there was no significant association between these rare non-synonymous variations and ASD. Complement factor H polymorphisms in Japanese population with age-related macular degeneration. To study the frequency of five haplotypes previously reported in the complement factor H CFH gene for Japanese patients with age-related macular degeneration AMD.
All patients were diagnosed as having exudative wet-type AMD. The amplified polymerase chain reaction PCR products of CFH exons 2, 9, and 13, and intron 6 were analyzed by temperature gradient capillary electrophoresis TGCE and by direct sequencing. The haplotypes were identified, and their frequencies were calculated and compared with reported results.
Five haplotypes were identified in the Japanese population including four already reported in the American population. The frequencies of these haplotypes were significantly different between Japanese and American in both control and case groups. However, two other haplotypes were found as risk factors, which gave an increased likelihood of AMD of 1.
One protective haplotype that decreased the likelihood of AMD by 1. The frequencies for five haplotypes previously identified were analyzed in a Japanese population with AMD. Four previously found haplotypes were identified and one additional haplotype was found. The frequencies of each haplotype were significantly different from that in found Americans affected with AMD. Two of the haplotypes were identified as risk factors and one was considered protective.
A project work in which learners of a foreign language engage in a task with the native speakers is one of the effective ways to bring in ample real communication opportunities to a classroom. This scheme also gives both parties meaningful experiences for intercultural understanding. Working hours and mental and physical fatigue in Japanese workers. Establishing a threshold number of working hours is very important when making recommendations to protect people from the potentially harmful health effects caused by long working hours.
To clarify the influence of working hours on both mental and physical symptoms of fatigue and use the data obtained to determine permissible working hours. Working hours were subdivided into six groups and odds ratios were calculated for positive outcomes on the SDS and CFSI using logistic regression analysis. A total of workers participated. The present results clarified that working hours should be Socioeconomic factors affecting marriage, divorce and birth rates in a Japanese population.
The effects of low income, urbanisation and young age population on age-adjusted rates of first marriage, divorce and live birth among the Japanese population in 46 prefectures were analysed by stepwise regression for and for During this period, Japanese society experienced a drastic change from long-lasting economic growth to serious recession in In both and , the first marriage rate for females was inversely related to low income and the divorce rates for both males and females were positively related to low income.
The live birth rate was significantly related to low income, urbanisation and young age population only in The first marriage rate for females and the divorce rates for both sexes increased significantly but the first marriage rate for males and live birth rate significantly decreased between and These findings suggest that low income was the essential factor affecting first marriage for females and divorce for males and females.
We studied which infections would be prioritized in educating the general population of Japan. Subjects were 25 physicians and veterinarians in charge of infection control in infections control divisions of local and national governments. We conducted a questionnaire using the Delphi method. Three animal-derived infections ranked in the top We have not yet found which the priority of infections should be prioritized in educating the general population on infections.
Although our findings are too few to make any generations about, several studies back the reasons why diseases were singled out in our study. Given the fact that most high-ranked infections have ever been educated, education thus far appears to have been highly ineffective way, meaning that more effective ways of education on infection must be found in future.
Hydroxychloroquine HCQ is an effective treatment for patients with cutaneous lupus erythematosus CLE or systemic lupus erythematosus SLE and has been used for these patients in more than 70 nations. In a clinical study of Japanese patients with a diagnosis of CLE irrespective of the presence of SLE, blood and plasma drug concentration-time data receiving multiple oral doses of HCQ sulfate mg daily were analyzed using nonlinear mixed-effects model software.
The blood and plasma concentrations of HCQ were analyzed using a high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method. Model evaluation and validation were performed using goodness-of-fit GOF plots, visual predictive check, and a bootstrap. Mapping the genetic diversity of HLA haplotypes in the Japanese populations.
Japan has often been viewed as an Asian country that possesses a genetically homogenous community. The Major Histocompatibility Complex MHC region has consistently emerged as the most polymorphic region in the human genome, harbouring numerous biologically important variants; nevertheless the presence of population -specific long haplotypes hinders the imputation of SNPs and classical HLA alleles.
Here, we examined the extent of genetic variation at the MHC between eight Japanese populations sampled from Okinawa, and six other prefectures located in or close to the mainland of Japan, specifically focusing at the haplotypes observed within each population , and what the impact of any variation has on imputation. Our results indicated that Okinawa was genetically farther to the mainland Japanese than were Gujarati Indians from Tamil Indians, while the mainland Japanese from six prefectures were more homogeneous than between northern and southern Han Chinese.
The distribution of haplotypes across Japan was similar, although imputation was most accurate for Okinawa and several mainland prefectures when population -specific panels were used as reference. Impact of classical risk factors of type 2 diabetes among Asian Indian, Chinese and Japanese populations. This review investigated the population impact of major modifiable type 2 diabetes T2D risk factors, with special focus on native Asian Indians, to estimate population attributable risks PARs and compare them with estimates from Chinese and Japanese populations.
This review provides estimates of the association between major risk factors and prevalences of T2D among Asian populations by examining their PARs from large population -based samples. From a public-health point of view, the importance of BMI in Asian Indians is especially highlighted in comparison to the other Asian populations.
Given these results and other recent findings on the causality link between BMI and T2D, it can be postulated that obesity may be involved in the aetiology of T2D through interaction with ethnic-specific genetic factors, although ethnicity itself is not a direct risk factor for T2D as people of all ethnic backgrounds develop diabetes.
Evaluation of hypertriglyceridemia using non-fasting health checkup data in a Japanese population. Some employees have difficulty undergoing health checkups in the workplace in a fasting state. However, hypertriglyceridemia is usually diagnosed based on fasting triglyceride TG measurements. The current study investigated the performance of non-fasting health checkup data for predicting hypertriglyceridemia in a Japanese population.
The area under the receiver operating characteristic ROC curve of the initial TG measurements for reexamination-detected hypertriglyceridemia was 0. The area under the ROC curve of the initial TG measurements in the non-fasting population was not inferior to that of the multivariate model where other non-fasting health checkup data were added.
The optimal non-fasting TG cutoff point was 2. The cutoff point was further lowered when the population was limited to patients undergoing health checkups four or more hours after their last meal and when the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia in the population was simulated to be reduced. The non-fasting workplace TG measurements by themselves exhibited a tolerable performance for predicting hypertriglyceridemia.
The optimal cutoff point in Japanese employees appears to be lower than 2. Population genomics and geographical parthenogenesis in Japanese harvestmen Opiliones, Sclerosomatidae, Leiobunum. Naturally occurring population variation in reproductive mode presents an opportunity for researchers to test hypotheses regarding the evolution of sex.
Asexual reproduction frequently assumes a geographical pattern, in which parthenogenesis-dominated populations are more broadly dispersed than their sexual conspecifics. We evaluate the geographical distribution of genomic signatures associated with parthenogenesis using nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data from two Japanese harvestman sister taxa, Leiobunum manubriatum and Leiobunum globosum.
Asexual reproduction is putatively facultative in these species, and female-biased localities are common in habitat margins. Past karyotypic and current cytometric work indicates L. We estimated species phylogeny, genetic differentiation, diversity, and mitonuclear discordance in females collected across the species range in order to identify range expansion toward marginal habitat, potential for hybrid origin, and persistence of asexual lineages.
Our results point to northward expansion of a tetraploid ancestor of L. Specimens from localities in the Tohoku and Hokkaido regions were indistinct, particularly those of L.
Although L. Ultimately, we find evidence for continued sexual reproduction in both species and describe opportunities to clarify the rate and mechanism of parthenogenesis. The aim of this study was to gain information about disease prevalence and to identify the responsible genes for inherited retinal dystrophies IRD in Japanese populations.
Clinical and molecular evaluations were performed on patients with IRD. For segregation analyses, 63 of their family members were employed. Bioinformatics data from 1, Japanese individuals were used as controls. Molecular diagnosis was obtained by direct sequencing in a stepwise fashion utilizing one or two panels of 15 and 27 genes for retinitis pigmentosa patients.
If a specific clinical diagnosis was suspected, direct sequencing of disease-specific genes, that is, ABCA4 for Stargardt disease, was conducted. Limited availability of intrafamily information and decreasing family size hampered identifying inherited patterns. Differential disease profiles with lower prevalence of Stargardt disease from European and North American populations were obtained.
We found sequence variants in of probands with an identification rate of This study found 43 novel sequence variants. In silico analysis suggests that 20 of 25 novel missense variants are pathogenic. EYS mutations had the highest prevalence at Short- and long-term evaluation of cognitive functions after electroconvulsive therapy in a Japanese population. While electroconvulsive therapy ECT is a well-established, safe, and effective treatment for mental illnesses, the potential for adverse effects on cognitive functions remains controversial.
We aimed to evaluate multiple cognitive functions in different time periods before and after ECT in a Japanese population. In a Japanese population , adverse effects of ECT on verbal fluency function-related and other cognitive impairments were transient.
Over the longer term, we detected significant improvements in the performance of tasks that presumably reflected information processing speed and executive functions. Biases and regularities of grapheme-colour associations in Japanese nonsynaesthetic population.
Associations between graphemes and colours in a nonsynaesthetic Japanese population were investigated. Participants chose the most suitable colour from 11 basic colour terms for each of 40 graphemes from the four categories of graphemes used in the Japanese language kana characters, English alphabet letters, and Arabic and kanji numerals. This test was repeated after a three-week interval.
In their responses, which were not as temporally consistent as those of grapheme-colour synaesthetes, participants showed biases and regularities that were comparable to those of synaesthetes reported in past studies.
Although it has been believed that only synaesthetes, and not nonsynaesthetes, tended to associate graphemes with colours based on grapheme frequency, Berlin and Kay's colour typology, and colour word frequency, participants in this study tended in part to associate graphemes with colours based on the above factors.
These results support the view that grapheme-colour synaesthesia might have its origins in cross-modal association processes that are shared with the general population.
Rubbing skin with nylon towels as a major cause of pseudomonas folliculitis in a Japanese population. Pseudomonas folliculitis PF is a community-acquired skin infection, which develops after exposure to contaminated water such as whirlpools, swimming pools, water slides and hot tubs. In Japan, this condition has been sporadically reported, often in association with bathing; however, the exact cause of PF in the Japanese population remains unclear.
In this study, we retrospectively reviewed 10 patients with PF diagnosed at our dermatology clinic two males and eight females.
Four patients had recurrences over years. Notably, eight of the 10 patients were rubbing their bodies with nylon towels or sponges placed in the bathrooms during bathing.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from the nylon towels used in two of the two patients examined. Discontinued use of nylon towels resulted in prompt resolution of PF and no recurrence in all cases. Our observation suggests that rubbing the skin with nylon towels contaminated with P. Facial soft tissue thickness differences among three skeletal classes in Japanese population. Facial reconstruction is used in forensic anthropology to recreate the face from unknown human skeletal remains, and to elucidate the antemortem facial appearance.
This requires accurate assessment of the skull age, sex, ancestry, etc. However, additional information is required to reconstruct the face as the information obtained from the skull is limited. Here, we aimed to examine the information from the skull that is required for accurate facial reconstruction.
The human facial profile is classified into 3 shapes: straight, convex, and concave. These facial profiles facilitate recognition of individuals. The skeletal classes used in orthodontics are classified according to these 3 facial types.
We have previously reported the differences between Japanese females. In the present study, we applied this classification for facial tissue measurement, compared the differences in tissue depth of each skeletal class for both sexes in the Japanese population , and elucidated the differences between the skeletal classes.
Cardiovascular risk factors and retinal microvascular signs in an adult Japanese population : the Funagata Study. To describe the prevalence of retinal vascular signs and their association with cardiovascular risk factors in a Japanese population. Population -based cross-sectional study. The Funagata Study is a Japanese population -based study of persons aged 35 years or older, and included nondiabetic participants A nonmydriatic retinal photograph was taken of 1 eye to assess retinal microvascular signs.
Retinal arteriolar wall signs focal arteriolar narrowing, arteriovenous nicking, enhanced arteriolar wall reflex and retinopathy were assessed in participants without diabetes Using a computer-assisted method, retinal vessel diameters were measured in participants with gradable retinal image Prevalence of retinal microvascular signs and their association with cardiovascular risk factors.
Moderate or severe focal arteriolar narrowing, arteriovenous nicking, enhanced arteriolar wall reflex, and retinopathy were found in 8. Older persons were more likely to have retinal arteriolar wall signs, retinopathy, and narrower retinal vessel diameters. Retinopathy was associated with higher body mass index and both impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose.
In nondiabetic Japanese adults, retinal arteriolar wall signs were associated with older age and increased blood pressure, whereas retinopathy was. The authors collected 25 Japanese acupuncture-moxibustion works of Chinese translation version in modern times and investigated them from 3 aspects, named the study on the mechanisms of acupuncture and moxibustion, the explanation of basic theory and clinical treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion.
Generally speaking, Japanese acupuncture-moxibustion works of Chinese translation version explained the mechanisms of acupuncture and moxibustion in terms of the theory of western medicine rather than traditional one. It proposed the study on the phenomenon of meridian and collateral, which absorbed the anatomic knowledge of western medicine in the discussion on meridians, collaterals and acupoints; introduced diagnostic methods and techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion and adopted the classification of western medicine system and the diseases in western medicine to discuss the treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion.
All of these reflect the academic characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion in Japan at those times and the position of Chinese scholars, by which the Japanese medical works were introduced for the academic innovation. Japanese and American public health approaches to preventing population weight gain: A role for paternalism? Controlling population weight gain is a major concern for industrialized nations because of associated health risks.
Although Japan is experiencing rising prevalence of obesity and overweight, historically they have had and continue to maintain a low prevalence relative to other developed countries. Therefore, Japan provides an interesting case study of strategies to curb population weight gain. In this paper we explore Japanese approaches to obesity and diet through observational and ethnographic interviews conducted between June and September Nineteen interviews were conducted at four companies and three schools in Tokyo, as well as at a central Tokyo community health care center and school lunch distribution center.
Interviewees included physicians, a Ministry of Health bureaucrat, human resources managers, welfare nurses employed by health insurance organizations, school nurses also government employees , school nutritionists, and a school counselor.
We highlight the role of culture and social norms in encouraging healthful behavior in Japan, focusing on the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare's metabolic syndrome screening program implemented in and the Japanese national school lunch program. The Japanese government prescribes optimal body metrics for all Japanese citizens and relies on institutions such as schools and health insurance organizations that are in some instances closely affiliated with the workplace to carry out education.
Japan's socio-cultural approach leads us reflect on the cultural and social conditions that make different policy prescriptions more politically feasible and potentially effective. It also provokes us to question whether limited behavioral modifications and "nudging" can lead to broader change in an environment like the United States where there are fewer broadly shared socio-cultural norms regarding acceptable health behavior.
Dietary patterns associated with fall-related fracture in elderly Japanese : a population based prospective study. Diet is considered an important factor for bone health, but is composed of a wide variety of foods containing complex combinations of nutrients. Therefore we investigated the relationship between dietary patterns and fall-related fractures in the elderly. We designed a population -based prospective survey of elderly people in Japan in Dietary intake was assessed with a item food frequency questionnaire FFQ , from which dietary patterns were created by factor analysis from 27 food groups.
The frequency of fall-related fracture was investigated based on insurance claim records from until The relationship between the incidence of fall-related fracture and modifiable factors, including dietary patterns, were examined. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to examine the relationships between dietary patterns and incidence of fall-related fracture with adjustment for age, gender, Body Mass Index BMI and energy intake.
Among participants who agreed to a 4 year follow-up, 28 suffered from a fall-related fracture. Three dietary patterns were identified: mainly vegetable, mainly meat and mainly traditional Japanese.
The Traditional Japanese pattern had no relationship to the risk of fall-related fracture. The results of this study have the potential to reduce fall-related fracture risk in elderly Japanese. The results should be interpreted in light of the overall low meat intake of the Japanese population. Association between long work hours and depressive state: a pilot study of propensity score matched Japanese white-collar workers.
In this study, we used a propensity score method to evaluate the association between work hours and depressive state. A total of Japanese white-collar workers were surveyed and divided into long and regular work hour groups according to overtime work records. Propensity score matching was performed based on 32 individual background and workplace factors, yielding 74 pairs of propensity-matched subjects.
However, work motivation, work control, social support and emotional stability correlated with CES-D score. These findings suggest that work control and social support factors are more associated with depressive state than control of work hours. These results also suggest that it is possible to use propensity score matching to evaluate the association between work hours and mental health in occupational study settings.
Daily reconstruction of water temperature from oxygen isotopic ratios of a modern Tridacna shell using a freezing microtome sampling technique T Watanabe, T Oba Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans C9 , , Nature Communications 3 1 , , Nitrogen isotopes of organic nitrogen in reef coral skeletons as a proxy of tropical nutrient dynamics A Yamazaki, T Watanabe, U Tsunogai Geophysical research letters 38 19 , Evaluation of Mn and Fe in coral skeletons Porites spp.
Coral Reefs 33 2 , , Life history of the Pliocene scallop Fortipecten, based on oxygen and carbon isotope profiles R Nakashima, A Suzuki, T Watanabe Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology , ,Navigation menu
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