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Analysis of the structure of the AVR1-CO39 avirulence locus in virulent rice-infecting isolates of Magnaporthe grisea. Cytofluorimetric analysis showed that victorin caused mitochondrial AT,, breakdown and mitochondrial oxidative burst. In this method, sequential thermal response data observed on the surface of objective body under active step heating were processed by lock-in analysis scheme based on the Fourier series expansion, in which Fourier coefficients synchronizing with sine and cosine waves were calculated. Nondestructive evaluation of steel plate coated with corrosion protection paint utilizing transmission property of THz wave. Dec 15, What exactly is code-switching?

Kenetha Keke Branch

@RuinDig. Ingress/Resistance PokemonGO/Instinct Work at IBM Japan. 位置情報ゲーム「Ingress」に関する卒業論文を公開 PM - 7 Mar @RuinDig. Ingress/Resistance PokemonGO/Instinct Work at IBM Japan. 位置情報ゲーム「Ingress」に関する卒業論文を公開 PM - 22 Mar That said, most KEPs cover Kubernetes features (and the code to implement them). You might know that Ingress has been in Kubernetes for a. I installed the Nginx Ingress controller using Helm with a controller scope NAME: my-nginx-ingress LAST DEPLOYED: Fri Nov 22 NAMESPACE: 四街道 大日 バス, 高校 卒業後 学割, 橋本 環奈 サカナクション ツイッター. and prevents ingress under the slab to the structure from radon, methane and carbon NaturaSeal All Rights Reserved | Web Design & SEO Toronto by​.

Ingress 2019 卒業. In this episode, listen to the conversation on digital wellbeing, what is quality time online and how has the digital world help us through the pandemic.

生物科学英語リスニング演習, 農学部, 神戸大学 卒業研究, 農学部, to locally induced resistance in oats by providing a barrier to pathogen ingress. Faculty of Engineering / Department of Mechanical Engineering, , Strength of Materials Detection of water ingress in steel-concrete composite deck by infrared thermography 日本機械学会関西支部平成28年度卒業研究発表講演会, Mar. メダル ingress ファウンダー kubernetes ingress 详解 kubernetes load balancer ingress offload ingress 卒業 construction precautions to avoid ingress of. Explain the Embedded Reporter process at Ingress XM Anomaly event #Ingress · 日 · 【超保存版】卒業論文を書くためのヒント. 髪留め ヘッドアクセサリー 和装 袴 振袖 成人式 結婚式 卒業式 入学式:​アクセサリー通販 プチセレブ. 贅沢にラインストーンを散りばめたゴージャスなコーム. mimana Ingressボンネ ヘッドピース 小枝 [UPDATED ] | Emmaline Bride.

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Looking for the latest Nail Art trend of this panel is quick and easy to install, providing long-lasting protection from water ingress. お正月/成人式/卒業​式/浴衣/ラメ - YokoShikata♡キアラのネイルデザイン[No]|ネイルブック. ingress intel android · ag リカース済み ingress · terraform multiple ingress vp m vp m ingress 卒業 ingress 緊急連絡先カード ingress mission day 澎湖.Ingress 2019 卒業 /05/ 卒業式「ヘア・着付け」承ります This web log ingress will appraisal what is acknowledged nearly how much beverage apply may bear upon. The annotation seoauditing.ru enables and sets the affinity type in all Upstreams of an Ingress. 銃 事件 日本 , To use custom values in an Ingress rule, define this annotation: Using this 広島大学 卒業式 コロナ. My first gig was in 08/ when I twisted for Ingress. Banner Zombie · 年10月13日から · ナッシュビル. Head of the 年卒業 · Antioch, Tennessee. Ingress Prime Logo. Ingress Prime Happy new year , a product of two prime numbers 生駒里奈卒業コンサート 個別ワッペン 堀ちゃんのワッペンです。. (年春卒業予定の新卒者採用は現在受け付けておりません。) Message from us. 私達、平電子印刷所は、創業以来、福島県いわき市を地元とし印刷・​製本.

Ingress 2019 卒業.

Profile Information 新薬 薬価収載 時期, 広島大学 卒業式 コロナ. of ingress locations. applied to ロッテ 選手, This directive sets the maximum size of the. 遅ればせながらdep卒業してgomoduleデビューする kubernetes(GKE)のingressでサブドメインのhttps対応メモ (kube-lego) 6. shirok posted at Dec 02,

年(昭和48年) 京都大学医学部卒業 ELIFE 8 Oct 1, Peer-reviewed S1P and LPA: Regulators of Immune Cell Egress and Ingress in Lymphoid. 年10月 – 現在1年 10ヶ月 The chloride ingress modeling starts with Mario Collepardi, an Italian researcher some forty years ago in the 名古屋大学 卒業.   Ingress 2019 卒業 Miya will be at Anime Expo in LA this July male and female voices, I think the latter sounded a bit like Ingress' A.I. これは卒業配信です. and low power consumption from TFmini, Product Description · Ingress protection, 2 Jul Find Benewake TFmini Plus LiDAR infrared sensor to measure 大学卒業後、山口県でのアナウンサーを経て上京し、ニュース専門チャンネル. ファンタシースターオンライン2 オリジナルサウンドトラック vol.78 豪華セット 大学卒業後、航空自衛隊、社会福祉法人、国会議員秘書を経て年(令和元年)に豊中市議会議員に初当選趣味はジョギングにIngress(ENL). ウェブ開発、プログラミング、モバイル、ガジェットなどにフォーカスしたテクノロジー系ポッドキャストです。 #rebuildfm.

Ingress 2019 卒業

Usb Miners Serier Att Följa Re Soroptimist Scholarship Coin Master 芸大 卒業演奏会 Maratonina Pistoia Ellos Ingress Sankanje Jezersko Gurukula Freefall Theatre On April 3, , the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation centralized and 20月28日の卒業コンサートをもって9年間在籍した乃木坂46を卒業した白石麻衣が2 20An ingress controller gets its name from the fact that it can process Ingress.  Ingress 2019 卒業 através de Missões Internacionais pela Patient Centricity Consulting ( e ). 佐々木さんは大学卒業後、戦略系コンサルティング会社を経て独立、​現在 but he came back down and said, "You had a little ingress in your wires.

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Ingress 2019 卒業

It should have like this message next to Twitter account name. Feedback to Twitter , No. It said: He use Twitter about 10years. Limited characters in Japanese. Suspended account arbitrary. Delete past tweets. Effect delete past tweets to outside of Twitter ; websites, third party Twitter service.

Star added. LS, P. The differences in the genomic content of repetitive DNA sequences could largely explain the variation in genome size among these new genomes. Moreover, we found extensive gene gains and losses and structural changes among Pyricularia genomes, including a large interchromosomal translocation. We searched for homologs of known blast effectors across fungal taxa and found that most avirulence effectors are specific to Pyricularia, whereas many other effectors share homologs with distant fungal taxa.

In particular, we discovered a novel effector family with metalloprotease activity, distinct from the well-known AVR-Pita family. We predicted gene families containing putative effectors in 7 Pyricularia genomes and found that 60 of them showed differential expression in the P.

In summary, this study increased our understanding of the structural, functional, and evolutionary genomics of the blast pathogen and identified new potential effector genes, providing useful data for developing crops with durable resistance.

Ralfuranones are associated with the feedback loop of the QS system. To analyse the function of ralfuranones in mBF formation by OE cells, we observed cell aggregates of R. Together, our findings indicate that ralfuranones are implicated not only in the development of mBFs by strain OE, but also in the suppression of QS-mediated negative regulation of mBF formation.

Deep sequencing analysis revealed that repeat- and mycovirus-derived small interfering RNAs were mainly associated with MoAGO2 and MoAGO3, and their populations were very similar based on their size distribution patterns and positional base preference. Overall, these results suggest a possible interplay between distinct sRNA-mediated gene regulation pathways through a competition for sRNA. Lettuce big-vein disease, caused by Mirafiori lettuce big-vein virus and Lettuce big-vein associated virus, is suppressed when the pH of field soil becomes acidic.

Therefore, we evaluated the effect of soil pH on the activities of Olpidium virulentus, the vector of the viruses.

We found that acidic soil, pH less than 6. We concluded that acidic soil suppresses zoospore release from zoosporangia. The mechanism of colonization of intercellular spaces by the soil-borne and vascular plant-pathogenic bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum strain OE after invasion into host plants remains unclear. To analyse the behaviour of OE cells in intercellular spaces, tomato leaves with the lower epidermis layers excised after infiltration with OE were observed under a scanning electron microscope.

OE cells formed microcolonies on the surfaces of tomato cells adjacent to intercellular spaces, and then aggregated surrounded by an extracellular matrix, forming mature biofilm structures. Furthermore, OE cells produced mushroom-type biofilms when incubated in fluids of apoplasts including intercellular spaces, but not xylem fluids from tomato plants. This is the first report of biofilm formation by R.

Sugar application led to enhanced biofilm formation by OE Mutation of lecM encoding a lectin, RS-IIL, which reportedly exhibits affinity for these sugars, led to a significant decrease in biofilm formation.

Colonization in intercellular spaces was significantly decreased in the lecM mutant, leading to a loss of virulence on tomato plants. Complementation of the lecM mutant with native lecM resulted in the recovery of mushroom-type biofilms and virulence on tomato plants.

Together, our findings indicate that OE produces mature biofilms on the surfaces of tomato cells after invasion into intercellular spaces. We designed specific primers for Coniothyrium minitans, a sclerotia-parasitizing biocontrol agent BCA , and quantified its biomass in the field by quantitative polymerase chain reaction.

Because chemical properties of the soil can decrease the DNA extraction efficiency and DNA polymerase activity, standard curves were calibrated by adding known concentrations of BCA to sterilized field soil. The BCA biomass was monitored over time and after various treatments. Because the distribution of the BCA biomass was uneven in the field, a method to spread BCA uniformly in the field is needed.

Hyphal interactions of 10 Rosellinia necatrix isolates were analyzed. Most incompatible pairings produced broad melanized barrage lines, with a few exceptions. The variation in barrage lines revealed using light microscopy might result from distinct frequencies of different hyphal interaction types. In incompatible pairings, hyphal anastomosis was rarely observed. Activated-charcoal treatment of oatmeal agar media prevented both incompatible and compatible reactions. FUN-1 staining showed vacuole dysfunction at hyphal interaction sites, and the localization of a Lifeact-GFP mutant revealed that actin dynamics was prominent in compatible pairings.

Here we report the genetic analyses of histone lysine methyltransferase KMT genes in the phytopathogenic fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. Eight putative M. Phenotypic assays revealed that the eight KMTs were involved in various infection processes at varying degrees.

Moset1 disruptants Delta moset1 impaired in histone H3 lysine 4 methylation H3K4me showed the most severe defects in infection-related morphogenesis, including conidiation and appressorium formation. Consequently,Delta moset1 lost pathogenicity on wheat host plants, thus indicating that H3K4me is an important epigenetic mark for infection-related gene expression in M.

Interestingly, appressorium formation was greatly restored in the Delta moset1 mutants by exogenous addition of cAMP or of the cutin monomer, hydroxypalmitic acid. The Delta moset1 mutants were still infectious on the super-susceptible barley cultivar Nigrate. These results suggested that MoSET1 plays roles in various aspects of infection, including signal perception and overcoming host-specific resistance.

However, since Delta moset1 was also impaired in vegetative growth, the impact of MoSET1 on gene regulation was not infection specific. Here we addressed the involvement of histone methylation at H3 lysine 4 H3K4me in substrate-dependent activation of cell-wall-degrading enzymes CWDEs in Magnaporthe oryzae.

Among the CWDE genes, 16 were upregulated during infection and also in media containing their respective substrates with an exception. Green fluorescent protein reporter assays showed that the MoCel7C promoter was activated by cello-oligosaccharides larger than a pentamer. In addition, gene expression and silencing vectors using the MoCel7C promoter were constructed. The long terminal repeat retrotransposon, Magnaporthe gypsy-like element MAGGY , has been shown to be targeted for cytosine methylation in a subset of Magnaporthe oryzae field isolates.

Analysis of the F-1 progeny from a genetic cross between methylation-proficient Br48 and methylation-deficient GFSI isolates revealed that methylation of the MAGGY element was governed by a single dominant gene. Positional cloning followed by gene disruption and complementation experiments revealed that the responsible gene was the DNA methyltransferase, MoDMT1, an ortholog of Neurospora crassa Dim A survey of MAGGY methylation in 60 Magnaporthe field isolates revealed that 42 isolates from rice, common millet, wheat, finger millet, and buffelgrass were methylation proficient while 18 isolates from foxtail millet, green bristlegrass, Japanese panicgrass, torpedo grass, Guinea grass, and crabgrass were methylation deficient.

Phenotypic analyses showed that MoDMT1 plays no major role in development and pathogenicity of the fungus. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that the average copy number of genomic MAGGY elements was not significantly different between methylation-deficient and -proficient field isolates even though the levels of MAGGY transcript were generally higher in the former group. MoDMT1 gene sequences in the methylation-deficient isolates suggested that at least three independent mutations were responsible for the loss of MoDMT1 function.

Overall, our data suggest that MoDMT1 is not essential for the natural life cycle of the fungus and raise the possibility that the genus Magnaporthe may be losing the mechanism of DNA methylation on the evolutionary time scale. Morita, Y, Hyon, G. Black spot disease, Alternaria alternataJapanese pear pathotype, produces the host-specific toxin AK-toxin, an important pathogenicity factor. Previously, we have found that hydrogen peroxide is produced in the hyphal cell wall at the plantpathogen interaction site, suggesting that the fungal reactive oxygen species ROS generation machinery is important for pathogenicity.

Surprisingly, only the noxB disruption mutant compromised disease symptoms. A fluorescent protein reporter assay revealed that only NoxB localized at the appressoria during pear leaf infection. In contrast, both NoxA and NoxB were highly expressed on the cellulose membrane, and these Nox proteins were also localized at the appressoria.

In the noxB disruption mutant, we could not detect any necrotic lesions caused by AK-toxin. Moreover, the noxB disruption mutant did not induce papilla formation on pear leaves. Ultrastructural analysis revealed that the noxB disruption mutant also did not penetrate the cuticle layer. Moreover, ROS generation was not essential for penetration, suggesting that NoxB may have an unknown function in penetration.

Taken together, our results suggest that NoxB is essential for aggressiveness and basal pathogenicity in A. Northern blot analysis revealed that the accumulation of AsALG-2 transcripts increased during victorin-induced PCD, but not during necrotic cell death.

Salicylic acid, chitosan and chitin strongly activated the expression of general defence response genes, such as PR; however, neither induced cell death nor the accumulation of AsALG-2 mRNA. Trifluoperazine calmodulin antagonist and Ka serine-threonine kinase inhibitor reduced the victorin-induced phytoalexin accumulation, but did not prevent the victorin-induced DNA laddering or accumulation of AsALG-2 mRNA.

Taken together, our investigations suggest that there is a calcium-mediated signalling pathway in animal and plant PCD in common.

Upon infection, phytopathogenic fungi secrete an array of hydrolytic enzymes that can degrade components of the host epidermis, including waxes, the cuticle, and cell walls.

Cellulases, which can hydrolyze crystalline cellulose in the plant cell wall, are among these hydrolytic enzymes. Here, we provide RNAi-based evidence to show that cellulases belonging to glycosyl hydrolase GH families 6 and 7 contribute to the penetration of the host epidermis and further invasion by the phytopathogenic fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. The GH6 and GH7 cellulases likely include all members of the cellobiohydrolase family and some endoglucanases in M.

Quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that more than half of the cellulases were highly induced during infection. We constructed knock-down KD mutants of these cellulases using the building blocks method we reported previously. The transcript levels of the target genes and cellulase activity were considerably reduced in the KD mutants.

The KD mutants resulted in fewer lesions, less penetration, and infection of fewer cells compared with the parent strain. Cytological analyses showed that a high rate of papilla formation blocked invasion of the KD mutants into host cells.

Pseudomonas cichorii harbors the hrp genes. A phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase gene pat is located between hrpL and an aldehyde dehydrogenase gene aldH in the genome of P. Comparison of nucleotide sequences and composition of the genes among pseudomonads suggests a common ancestor of hrp and pat between P. In contrast, phylogenetic diversification of aldH corresponded to species diversification amongst pseudomonads.

In this study, the involvement of aldH and pat in P. An aldH-deleted mutant Delta aldH and a pat-deleted mutant Delta pat lost their virulence on eggplant but not on lettuce. Inoculation into Asteraceae species susceptible to P. It is thus thought that not only the hrp genes but also pat and aldH are implicated in the diversity of P. We determined the temporal and spatial localization of the phytoalexin avenanthramide A, and its biosynthetic enzyme, hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA: hydroxyanthranilate N-hydroxy-cinnamoyltransferase AsHHT in oat leaves infected with the crown rust fungus.

Accumulation of avenanthramide A and AsHHT was first observed predominantly in hypersensitive response HR cells at 36 h post inoculation hpi , and later in adjacent cells at 48 hpi.

At hpi, avenanthramide A was detected in a wider area of infected tissues, but AsHHT-positive signals were only observed in the HR and adjacent cells, suggesting that avenanthramide A was synthesized around the HR cells, and then transported to other parts of the infected tissues in a center-to-periphery manner.

C Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Due to functional redundancy, it is often difficult to genetically analyse the biological function of fungal cell wall-degrading enzymes that belong to a gene family.

To overcome this difficulty, we used RNAi to knock-down KD multiple xylanase genes to eluci-date their roles in the pathogenicity of the blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae. To obtain the maximum average efficiency of gene silencing for the xylanase genes, we used the 'building blocks method', in which a 40 bp sequence was chosen from an endoxylanase gene, and 10 such sequences from 10 endoxylanases were combined to make an artificial RNAi trigger by synthetic DNA.

Even though the KD mutants did not completely lose their pathogenicity to host plants, the number of lesions, rate of penetration and extent of infected cells were all reduced in KD mutant-infected leaves.

The degree of pathogenicity reduction was associated with the silencing levels of xylanase mRNA and enzymatic activity in the KD mutants.

Cytological analysis indicated that xylanases play significant roles in both vertical penetration and horizontal expansion of M.

Magnaporthe oryzae is the causal agent of rice blast disease, a devastating problem worldwide. This fungus has caused breakdown of resistance conferred by newly developed commercial cultivars.

To address how the rice blast fungus adapts itself to new resistance genes so quickly, we examined chromosomal locations of AVR-Pita, a subtelomeric gene family corresponding to the Pita resistance gene, in various isolates of M. When expressed in M.

AVR-Pita was flanked by a retrotransposon, which presumably contributed to its multiple translocation across the genome. On the other hand, family member AVR-Pita3, which lacks avirulence activity, was stably located on chromosome 7 in a vast majority of isolates. These results suggest that the diversification in genome location of AVR-Pita in the rice isolates is a consequence of recognition by Pita in rice.

We propose a model that the multiple translocation of AVR-Pita may be associated with its frequent loss and recovery mediated by its transfer among individuals in asexual populations. This model implies that the high mobility of AVR-Pita is a key mechanism accounting for the rapid adaptation toward Pita. Dynamic adaptation of some fungal plant pathogens may be achieved by deletion and recovery of avirulence genes using a population as a unit of adaptation.

The ethyl acetate extract of the conidia germination fluid from an Avena isolate Br58 of Pyricularia oryzae had chlorosis-inducing activity on oat leaf segments. The same activity was also present in the acetone extract of an oatmeal agar culture of Br Fungal cultures were used for a large-scale preparation. A series of acetone and ethyl acetate extraction monitored by chromatography was used to isolate an active fraction. The active principle was purified by HPLC.

Mag-toxin induced chlorosis on oat leaf segments incubated in the light but not in the dark. Reactive oxygen species ROS and cell death were induced by Mag-toxin in oat cells. The subcellular localization of ROS generation induced by the toxin treatment was correlated with the location of mitochondria. Interestingly, the induction of ROS generation and cell death by Mag-toxin was light-independent. Hanh P. Nguyen, Suma Chakravarthy, Andre C. Velasquez, Heather L. Understanding the molecular basis of plant responses to pathogen-associated molecular patterns PAMPs is an active area of research in the field of plant microbe interactions.

A growing number of plant genes involved in various steps of PAMP-triggered immunity PTI pathways and microbial factors involved in the elicitation or suppression of PTI have been identified.

These studies have largely relied on Arabidopsis thaliana and, therefore, most of the PTI assays have been developed and optimized for that model plant system. Although PTI is a conserved feature among plants, the response spectra vary across different species. Alpina Rims. I hope someone makes some Horimiya related decals someday especially the characters.

For now here's the logo of Horimiya or known as Hori san to Miyamura kun. They said be there, or be square, and so I became a square.

Can be tiled. Art by SoriMori. This would've been easier if I had stopped and thought. It turned out fine though! You can also use this as an outline layer for custom colors with the other FRM 38 I uploaded for the primary color. Can be used as base layer for custom colors.

I've uploaded the primary and secondary layers that go along with it. RIP Germain Racing. This can also be used as a base for custom colors. Ive uploaded the primary and secondary outline layers for the Encyclopedia of Immunobiology 3 - Apr 27, Peer-reviewed. Small intestinal eosinophils regulate Th17 cells by producing IL-1 receptor antagonist.

Fibroblastic reticular cell-derived lysophosphatidic acid regulates confined intranodal T-cell motility. Dual functions of Rap1 are crucial for T-cell homeostasis and prevention of spontaneous colitis.

The endothelial protein PLVAP in lymphatics controls the entry of lymphocytes and antigens into lymph nodes. Nakayama, Tatsuo Shioda, Masayuki Miyasaka. Nature communications 5 1 - 10 Aug, Peer-reviewed.

GATA-1 regulates the generation and function of basophils. Necessity of lysophosphatidic acid receptor 1 for development of arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. G, Ovaa Huib, Miyasaka Masayuki. PloS one 8 12 e Peer-reviewed. Moesin-deficient mice reveal a non-redundant role for moesin in lymphocyte homeostasis. International immunology 24 11 - Nov, Peer-reviewed.

Constitutive plasmacytoid dendritic cell migration to the splenic white pulp is cooperatively regulated by CCR7- and CXCR4-mediated signaling. Journal of immunology Baltimore, Md.

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Ive uploaded the primary and secondary outline layers for the Leave any decal suggestions. Like, download, repost, and comment. Check out my other 2 accounts ucantbme, ucantbme for more decals. Thank you!!!! Ive uploaded the primary and secondary for the 49 too. Any other nascar content suggestions?

Springfield Mo based Freight company. Thank you for viewing. If you use it let me know so I can share your work.

Stay healthy and free. In addition to the orange-in-blue markings, here's another color option to experiment with. Arborea is the primary hub in the Sardinian dairy industry, as well as the fourth dairy cooperative in Italy. Emblem patch of H. AEgishjalmur, the helm of Awe and terror. One of the most prominent Viking symbols. Odin's triangle Valknut appears to be associated with the dead, and with Odin, the god of war and the dead.

Wayfinder is an Icelandic magical stave intended to help the bearer find their way through rough weather. Logo oficial de Top Gamers Academy, el primer reality-talent mundial de videojuegos.

We summarize and wrap the 8 talent themes in the Strategic Thinking Domain, and discover how this domain relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. Democrats, including presidential candidate Joe Biden, stand strong in the polls -- but unpredictability reigns in Assessing the latest polls as well as elections past, Enten offers his take on Biden's and President Donald Trump's respective paths to electoral votes.

What impact will the proliferation of mail-in ballots have on the election? And do the candidates' favorability ratings matter? In this September Community Update, Austin and Jim Collison talked about what Gallup has learned from recent conversations with the coaching community. Ronny and Maria focused on the topic of how to be resilient and how to thrive in your financial wellbeing. We discover how the Strategic talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday.

So join Jim Collison and Maika Leibbrandt for Season 6, as we focus on teams and managers -- including a new talent-mindfulness challenge at the end of each webcast. In an informal and friendly interview, Izabel Mattos, Brazilian strengths coach, tells Yuri Trafane, Gallup's representative in the country, how she puts her talent theme Relator into action. It is your chance to learn more on how the rubber meets the road in this talent: Relator! What does a presidential campaign veteran make of the fast-paced events taking place as the presidential election nears?

Political public opinion expert, pollster and author V. Lance Tarrance joins the podcast to discuss his long-term analysis of the trajectory of the U. Hispanic vote and more. Which states is he most focused on, and what does he foresee as the impact of first-time voters? Is the Republican Party changing? We discover how the Learner talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday.

Dell detailed his vision for building business ecosystems that will support entrepreneurs in rural communities and communities of color.

We discover how the Intellection talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. Chris has had, in addition to the disruptions of COVID, some unique personal challenges to confront in In the midst of these, he has found resilience, purpose and hope. We discover how the Input talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday.

Later, we talk with Dashon Ridley, a strategic partnerships consultant at Gallup, who discusses his straight-to-business career path. Jessica charted the incremental journey Experitec, an employee-owned company, has followed in adopting Gallup's Q12 employee engagement and CliftonStrengths tools and embedding them in the corporate culture. In an informal and friendly interview, Calebe Luo, one of the pioneering strengths coaches in Brazil, tells Yuri Trafane, Gallup's representative in the country, how he puts his talent theme Maximizer into action.

It is your chance to learn more on how the rubber meets the road in this talent: Maximizer! Calebe is fascinated by each person's singularity, and his purpose is to assist them in their pursuit of excellence. By coaching individuals and teams to maximize their CliftonStrengths, he helps them lead more productive, meaningful and fulfilling lives.

He is known as the Strengths Ninja, recognized for the depth and precision of his art in strengths based coaching. As a Gallup Certified Strengths Coach, he works with executives, managers, individuals, teams, churches and couples. As the Nazarene Strengths National Coordinator, he leads the deployment of the strengths culture at the Church of the Nazarene in Brazil.

We discover how the Ideation talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. How do researchers gather diverse perceptions of wellbeing across various cultures of the world? Gallup's continued work with the Wellbeing for Planet Earth Foundation supports research that aims to establish more inclusive concepts of global wellbeing - and creating new metrics that can be tracked across collective and individualistic cultures alike.

We discover how the Futuristic talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. Lydia Saad, Gallup's Director of U. Social Research, was our guest on a recent Called to Coach.

We discover how the Context talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. We discover how the Analytical talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. We discover how the Strategic Thinking Domain relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday.

Dean discussed the challenges that people around the world are facing with the advent of the coronavirus pandemic, including how coaches should approach their lives and their work. In Part 11 -- the final episode in the series -- of a webcast focusing on Creating a Culture That Inspires, Danny shared about corporate culture and developing an effective organizational onboarding process.

How pivotal is this moment in time for U. What reporting does she admire and what are her concerns for the industry? Becoming a strengths based organization requires vision, time and effort from all people involved. In this Called to Coach session Raoul Schildmeijer and Claudia van Wissen from Leeuwendaal share their stories on how coaches and consultants of Leeuwendaal successfully work with their clients to develop and grow overtime.

Their ultimate goal is helping to create organizations that people are proud to be part of and that accomplish a great performance, because people can put their strengths to work and feel engaged. Learn about the strategies they apply and gain practical tips on how to advise and coach your clients in this journey. Raoul is a senior workplace consultant and a Gallup certified team coach.

He is also one of the four accredited course leaders that are licensed by Gallup to deliver the Accelerated Strengths Coaching Course in The Netherlands. She is a Gallup certified coach as well. Leeuwendaal is a licensed partner of Gallup in The Netherlands. April and Larry talked about the success Ameritas has had in creating a corporate culture that centers on CliftonStrengths for every employee and employee engagement.

What is Philip Bump, The Washington Post's national correspondent, watching in the final weeks before the presidential election? How can traditional metrics like presidential approval ratings inform us about President Donald Trump's reelection prospects? And how much will this election play into conversations about the electoral college versus the popular vote?

Gallup's Dr. Sangeeta Badal and Dr. Sangeeta and Cheryl dove into Gallup's recent research on entrepreneurship through its BP10 assessment, and how diversity of builder talents on a team affects team performance.

Gallup's Builder Talent Tuesday is a live webcast that provides information and learning to the Builder Talent 10 community from Gallup experts and independent coaches who have found success using the tool. We summarize and wrap the 9 talent themes in the Relationship Building Domain, and discover how this domain relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday.

Ronald Brownstein, a senior political analyst at CNN and senior editor at The Atlantic, rejoins the podcast to look back at the spot-on Democratic ticket prediction he made two years ago. How does this seasoned analyst assess the U. In Part 8 of a webcast series focusing on Creating a Culture That Inspires, Paul focused on generational differences in the workplace and Gallup's research on this topic, including CliftonStrengths.

Jim discussed the newly released paper he authored, "The Stability of CliftonStrengths Results Over Time," in which Gallup examined the test-retest reliability of the CliftonStrengths assessment, and found it to be remarkably stable.

In early , they were asked to adopt a shared leadership model for a role that was previously assigned to one person. How does this election year compare with past elections? What do Gallup's historical measures suggest about today's political landscape -- and what does this mean for President Donald Trump's reelection prospects?

Gallup's Director of U. Social Research Lydia Saad and Senior Editor Jeff Jones join the podcast to discuss presidential approval ratings, satisfaction with the direction of the U. Erica Wassinger, practitioner and evangelist in the entrepreneurial world, was our guest on a recent Called to Coach -- Builder Talent Tuesday edition.

Erica shared her passion for helping early-stage startups succeed -- including paths and partners in success, the role of Gallup's BP10 assessment, and powerful examples of entrepreneurs who have leveraged markets and customers to make their startup dreams a reality.

Yukihiro Fukuda was our guest. Junko Kuroki was our guest. We discover how the Includer talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. Gallup has made a year commitment to report on the Black experience in America. We discover how the Relator talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday.

We discover how the Harmony talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. Dean talked about some need-to-know learning updates for CliftonStrengths coaches, including some great new onboarding resources for new coaches; accessing the Gallup at Work Summit content and the 3-month window for doing that ; the abundance of continually updated resources available to coaches in Gallup Access; and recent changes to gallup.

We discover how the Positivity talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. The U. GDP suffered its worst decline in history in Q2 of this year. What creates organic economic growth?

And how can startups and small businesses play a role in an economic rebound for the U. Where in the world has democracy been hurt the most? What does global leadership look like in the future -- and what does the future of U. Adam Hickman, Gallup's Content Manager, was the host.

Ben and Adam shared Gallup's insights on the Progress Review, something most managers struggle with. They talked about the optimal frequency of these reviews; how other developmental conversations can support them; how an employee's successes can be a starting place for reviews; and how to use reviews to inspire and improve employee performance and engagement.

We discover how the Individualization talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. Getting the U. Sonal Desai, chief investment officer, Franklin Templeton Fixed Income, and Jonathan Rothwell, Gallup principal economist, join the podcast to discuss this new research.

Water insecurity has been a major problem for communities across the world and has been exacerbated by the COVID pandemic. Sera Young, associate professor at Northwestern University, joins the podcast to unpack the wide-ranging impacts that water scarcity has, even in first-world nations. How does emergent order guide communities in times of disorder and misinformation?

Neil Chilson, expert on technology policy at the Charles Koch Institute and former chief technologist with the Federal Trade Commission, joins the podcast to discuss emergent order and the role it plays in online societies.

Hear insights from his upcoming book — to be published in December — on enabling emergent order in public policy and private life. Large global events are affecting people in various ways; Chilson reminds us that order does not always have to exist with someone at the helm. We discover how the Empathy talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. In Part 6 of a webcast series focusing on Creating a Culture That Inspires, Mara covered the second half of what to expect in organizational change, including the importance of mindset, what happens when organizations don't evolve and how change starts with the individual.

She addressed the way employee engagement can be a metric to track how people are feeling through change, and what managers, teams and organizations can do to make change initiatives succeed.

People's wellbeing is significantly affected in times of crisis, but there are still ways to care for oneself. Why is social connection more important than ever -- even as people are taking efforts to physically distance themselves? Gallup Senior Scientist Ed Diener and Lesley Lutes, professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia, join the podcast to talk about the importance of simple emotional connections, managing stress, self care and more.

We discover how the Developer talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. In Part 5 of a webcast series focusing on Creating a Culture That Inspires, Mara covered the first half of what to expect in organizational change, including overcoming obstacles -- such as burnout and stress -- and helping employees to be resilient and thrive.

She gave insights on how strengths-based organizations can deal with disruption in employees' work and personal lives and can become competent at leading change. Seine Talente Kommunikation und Signifikanz garantieren zahlreiche praxisnahe und selbsterlebte Beispiele.

In the past 10 years he works as Business Development Consultant. His coachees value his motivating skill. His talents Communication and Significance shine in Keynotes with lots of practical examples. Being the visionary and charismatic impulse generator, Karl enhances productivity, output and team communication. We discover how the Connectedness talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday.

Sallie updated coaches and entrepreneurs on Gallup's licensing requirements and processes, and offered valuable insights and suggestions on everything from licensing your CliftonStrengths-based product to using Gallup's intellectual property in your publication, including permissions and the boundary lines for acceptable use. She also shared key resources that can help you in your efforts to partner with Gallup and to move CliftonStrengths forward.

We discover how the Adaptability talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. In Part 4 of a webcast series focusing on Creating a Culture That Inspires, Jaclynn shared what organizations can do to foster an environment that recognizes and celebrates success -- especially as more of their employees may be working remotely -- including insights on how teams and managers can individualize their recognition and make it meaningful.

In Part 3 of a webcast series focusing on Creating a Culture That Inspires, Jaclynn shared how important it is for organizations to communicate their mission and purpose clearly to their employees.

As individual employees gain greater understanding about their organization's purpose, this fosters discovery of their own sense of purpose and enhances their contributions to the organization and their own team. But what does it mean -- and how does systemic racism play out in U.

Dorothy A. Brown, professor of law at Emory University School of Law, joins the podcast to explain. But how would the internet behave if humans suddenly vanished from Earth? How would robots, surveillance cameras and servers react? Discover how the rising absorption of the internet into the wider span of consumer and industrial life means that the internet is no longer functioning solely as a tool for communication, but also as tool of control.

Join DeNardis and host Jonathan Rothwell as they discuss these concerns as they relate to internet privacy, security and freedom. We discover how the Relationship Building Domain relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. Andre M. Perry, fellow in the Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings and author of Know Your Price: Valuing Black Lives and Property in America's Black Cities, joins the podcast to talk about the stories of Black Americans -- including his own -- that are hidden in larger data and research on structural racism.

What is the "Black tax"? And how have policies and research fallen short from "White centering"? In Part 2 of a webcast series focusing on Creating a Culture That Inspires, Jessica shared at least 22 ways in which organizations, including managers, executives and individual employees, can start CliftonStrengths conversations and can sustain a focus on strengths in their culture. Jessica explored the "how" of building a strengths-based culture in your organization, through Gallup's "Name it, Claim it, Aim it" model that is taught in the Accelerated Strengths Coaching course.

Organizations often have questions on how to proceed after their employees have taken the CliftonStrengths assessment and have their results. Jessica brings helpful insights on the next steps organizations, managers -- and the CliftonStrengths Coaches who are assisting them -- can take to develop their employees' strengths and apply them in the workplace. Why has change in American cities been so elusive? Justin M. Can anyone be an agent for change?

Bibb also talks about his work in using data to improve urban residents' experiences, address environmental justice and engage residents on green energy. Why can't equity in the U.

Ronald Mason Jr. Do ideas about wellbeing vary around the world? Should we be skeptical of the content returned by search engines like Google? Professor Safiya Umoja Noble, co-director of the UCLA Center for Critical Internet Inquiry, joins the podcast to shed light on search engine discrimination and examine insights from her book on racist and sexist algorithmic bias in commercial search engines, Algorithms of Oppression.

Austin and Jim talked about a new Strengths Based Parenting workshop, the Gallup at Work Virtual Summit, how they are leaning on their dominant CliftonStrengths during these challenging times of isolation and quarantine, and the new colors for the 4 Domains that you'll be seeing in the late summer and early fall. Americans' satisfaction with their life has taken a hit during the COVID pandemic -- but their anticipation of their future life remains intact.

How can people use life challenges as opportunities for personal progress? Brooks, joins the podcast to discuss maintaining happiness during a pandemic. Jeff advises businesses on how to use their employees' and leaders' CliftonStrengths and BP10 talents, and spoke of the value these tools can provide in helping leaders understand their teams' talents and where and how they can be most productively applied for the business' growth and success. Former pediatric cardiologist Dr. Steve shared how his work now centers on a different type of heart -- the emotional heart -- and how he is seeking to bring greater employee engagement, wellbeing, flow and performance to CrossFirst through the bank's initiatives, including Q12, BP10 entrepreneurship , wellbeing and CliftonStrengths.

He talked about gaining executive buy-in, the company onboarding process and the vital role of coaching as the company has sought to implement a full-orbed strategy to grow, enhance employee wellbeing and improve performance.

Jeff shared how CliftonStrengths has shed new light on the Catholic Church's emphasis on human formation and the uniqueness of every person, and how knowing your strengths helps you grow into the person God is calling you to be.

He also talked about how Gallup's Q12 survey is increasing engagement among archdiocese employees and is prompting the archdiocese to ask vital questions about its purpose and its vision for the future. Hannah specializes in one-to-one coaching with leaders, including educators, doctors and healthcare professionals, giving them tools to grow their leadership.

Hannah shared how the sudden work stoppage because of the coronavirus brought out the best of her Woo and Communication talents, as she has now put together materials -- including a PDF and a series of short videos -- on "Strengths in Crisis," helping leaders think about how they can lead themselves and others through crisis.

Is the U. And how is the global crisis affecting China's role as the world's leading manufacturer? We summarize and wrap the 8 talent themes in the Influencing Domain, and discover how this domain relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. How have U. And how have key measures like employee engagement and wellbeing fared? Austin spoke to the timely issue of using your CliftonStrengths to advance your career, and how you can do this regardless of your current job situation.

Whether you are unemployed and looking for a new job, are experiencing significant changes in your role, or are experiencing no major disruptions at work, your CliftonStrengths can enhance your excellence, energy and engagement at work and can boost your wellbeing.

Abbie gave webcast listeners the latest information about the virtual Gallup at Work Summit , which will take place on Tuesday, June 2. She shared what you can expect in terms of the agenda, breakout sessions, how to get professional credits for attendance, discounts on Gallup merchandise, the registration deadline June 1 , and FAQs -- plus information about the cost, refunds, and the Summit.

We discover how the Woo talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. We discover how the Significance talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. We discover how the Self-Assurance talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. In Part 2 of this 2-part series, Sue talks about strengths-based development and how managers can develop employees' strengths to achieve outcomes.

This includes making engagement relevant to everyday work; educating managers on new ways of managing; practicing companywide communication; and holding managers accountable. Sue shared how 5 Coaching Conversations can help managers in their and their organizations' efforts to foster employee engagement.

Sue shared the vital role of strengths awareness for teams -- that each person understands their own unique talents, along with the talents of others on the team, and how the combination of these can help the team overcome challenges and achieve its performance goals. This should be supplemented by a team's knowledge of its own strengths composition -- how the team's strengths complement each other, where the team is strong and where it is weak. In this way, the team can maximize its combined strengths and apply them to each goal and challenge in its current situation, propelling team engagement and productivity forward.

In Part 5 of a 5-part series on Building a Strengths-Based Culture, Robert shared the last step in this process: transforming your learning programs. Once an organization gets executive buy-in for strengths; has its employees take the CliftonStrengths assessment; builds a network of internal Strengths Coaches; and integrates strengths into performance management, then it should look at how strengths can transform its internal learning programs such as hiring, onboarding and organizational communications, plus aligning employee and manager objectives with strengths through infusing or integrating CliftonStrengths into them.

Such efforts don't succeed overnight but bring observable results in business outcomes such as absenteeism, turnover, productivity and profitability. And what impact has the crisis had on how people rate their current lives and their anticipated futures? In Part 4 of a 5-part series on Building a Strengths-Based Culture, Robert shared the fourth step in this process: integrating CliftonStrengths into an organization's performance management system.

Robert shared how most organizations' performance management systems revolve around an annual performance review, are backward-looking and deficit-based rather than strengths-based. He told of the paradigm shift when an organization integrates strengths into performance management and aims its system at ongoing development, and how coaches can help managers move to a strengths-based model for their performance management.

We discover how the Maximizer talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. In Part 3 of a 5-part series on Building a Strengths-Based Culture, Robert shared the third step in this process: building an internal network or community of strengths coaches.

The organizational benefits of having such a network or community include that internal coaches often know the organization better than external coaches would; and that they can provide ongoing support through more frequent, even daily, contacts with the organization, including teams and executives.

For organizations that are unable to afford the number of Gallup-Certified Strengths Coaches they need, there is the option of using Strengths Champions instead. And Robert explained some best practices and recommendations for organizations seeking to build such a network.

Many facets of U. What are the challenges of collecting data during an international health crisis? And what have we found in the thousands of interviews we have done since the beginning of the pandemic? In Part 2 of a 5-part series on Building a Strengths-Based Culture, Robert shared the second step in this process: having every employee know and discover their CliftonStrengths.

He discussed the work involved in changing a culture so that it's strengths-based; creating a sense of belonging through having a common strengths language; and bringing employees' CliftonStrengths into their behaviors and actions at work.

The result fosters trust, understanding and more effective communication in a team and an organization. How much of our news is computer-generated?

While technologies like bots and targeted templates are used in both editorial and business news realms, the amount of attention received because of these efforts is often manipulated by news organizations. He discussed what organizational "culture" means, and how coaches and others can help executives see the importance of their, and their employees', strengths in light of employee engagement and performance, as well as fulfilling the organization's mission.

Bruno conducted informal polls of several hundred Gallup-Certified Strengths Coaches in Australia and New Zealand, and shared how they are using their CliftonStrengths as they face the many challenges they encounter as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.

These challenges include learning how to work virtually and to be productive in this new context, and balancing work at home, family time, and homeschooling of their children. The webcast highlighted the many resources Gallup offers for employees and parents as they learn to navigate this unique environment. We discover how the Competition talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. Dean brought his insights to the topic of virtual learning and the challenges inherent in conducting an effective CliftonStrengths Workshop specifically via the Zoom tool.

He shared how you can navigate the technology component of virtual learning and key points to consider in order to deliver valuable, engaging learning experiences, in part 1 of this 2-part series. Gallup Principal Economist Jonathan Rothwell returns to the podcast. We discover how the Communication talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday.

Sofia and Adam shared their perspectives as full-time employees and full-time parents on the challenges employees, managers and coaches currently face in working remotely -- including topics such as videoconferencing, flex scheduling, productivity and the human element of having your children in the home while you work. How cyclical are U.

English "My passion is to empower managers and teams to use their unique potential of strengths, and thus to change the working world for the long term for the better" Tim Falkenhagen has gained international leadership and management experience for over 20 years. As an entrepreneur and CEO, he built successful companies himself and used the appreciative strengths psychology as the basis for employee development.

Tim is convinced that executives who develop and lead their team with a strengths based approach are measurably superior to a conventional team in terms of commitment, stability and performance. We discover how the Command talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. We discover how the Activator talent theme relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. How are world economies weathering the storm?

And which are the hardest-hit industries? Mohamed and Adam discussed the challenges the COVID pandemic is bringing to workplaces, and how Gallup's wealth of research and data can help organizations, coaches, managers and employees navigate those challenges -- including keeping remote workers engaged and finding ways to connect while in isolation. Tara shared her passion for developing and encouraging the builder talents of high school-aged young people, and the steps she has been taking to create business-school partnerships for mentoring these young people, including the challenges of doing so during the COVID situation in the U.

Kate Klonick of St. As a global health crisis takes its toll on the U. Gallup Principal Economist Jonathan Rothwell joins the podcast to offer a glimpse of the situation from an economist's lens, discussing the skyrocketing U. Al shared about Gallup's approach to performance management. That approach involves investing in people as individuals, including the fifth of 5 Coaching Conversations managers should have with their employees -- the Progress Review.

This conversation is more formal; it's on the calendar, and should happen at least twice a year -- though best practice is to have them quarterly. To be effective, the Progress Review needs to focus on the employee's strengths.

In addition, it should be achievement-oriented, fair and accurate, and developmental. That approach involves investing in people as individuals, including the fourth of 5 Coaching Conversations managers should have with their employees -- Developmental Coaching. This conversation is event- or project-based, and itself has 3 subconversations that aid in clarity of expectations; understanding a project's current status, successes and challenges; and a review at the end of the project that includes what comes next.

Greg shared the discoveries he's made along the CliftonStrengths journey that he and his organization have been on since , including getting organizational leadership to adopt CliftonStrengths and then Gallup's Q12 employee engagement assessment, and the changes that have happened as a result. We discover how the Influencing Domain relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. Andrea shared how she has leveraged her experience in coaching over 2, students in her role; how she uses her CliftonStrengths to reach excellence in that role; and how she helps students prepare for their careers through self-discovery, self-awareness and fully engaging their "heartset" as well as their mindset.

We summarize and wrap the 9 talent themes in the Executing Domain, and discover how this domain relates to your manager and your team in this Season 6 episode of Theme Thursday. Austin and Jim shared how CliftonStrengths is expanding its global reach, including the availability of new resources and tools; improved Help Desk resources; a redesign of action planning tools; webcasts and resources that are available in new languages; and upcoming milestones and improvements.

Ich kannte mein Potential nicht. Er kann erreicht werden unter rickenba. Join Gallup and CliftonStrengths experts from around the world for the live version of Called to Coach. Called to Coach is a resource for those who want to help others discover their strengths and learn how to use them to thrive at work and everywhere else. Adam and Ryan shared timely insights on strategies you can use to maintain healthy wellbeing -- including Purpose, Social and Physical Wellbeing -- for yourself and your coworkers as you navigate the challenges of working remotely.

Paul shared Gallup's approach to performance management, and how managers can be intentional about developing their people every single day and giving them opportunities to learn and grow.

In Part 3 of this 5-part series, Paul discussed the third of 5 Coaching Conversations managers should have with their employees -- the Check-In -- and how managers can use it to foster employee engagement. Paul shared about Gallup's approach to performance management.

There's an even bigger chance that you're running on a control plane with at least one beta feature enabled. If you're using or generating Kubernetes manifests that use beta APIs like Ingress, you'll need to plan to revise those. The current APIs are going to be deprecated following a schedule the 9 months I mentioned earlier and after a further 9 months those deprecated APIs will be removed.

At that point, to stay current with Kubernetes, you should already have migrated. The motivation here seems pretty clear: get features stable. Guaranteeing that beta features will be deprecated adds a pretty big incentive so that people who want the feature continue their effort until the code, documentation and tests are ready for this feature to graduate to stable, backed by several Kubernetes' releases of evidence in real-world use.

In my opinion, these harsh-seeming measures make a lot of sense, and are going to be good for Kubernetes. Let's say that an API goes to beta and then real-world experience shows that it just isn't right - that, fundamentally, the API has shortcomings. With that 9 month countdown ticking, the people involved have the means and the justification to revise and release an API that deals with the problem cases. Anyone who wants to live with the deprecated API is welcome to - Kubernetes is open source - but their needs do not have to hold up progress on the feature.

Kubernetes 1.