List of PlayStation 2 games (A–K) - Wikipedia

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The findings of the current study with serial follow-up of quadriceps recovery for the postoperative 6 months did not support our hypotheses. Reviews and former meta-analyses about this topic were also kept for reference review. Metro Corporation. By enabling upscaled output, video content can be played in higher resolution. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to compare and contrast the various studies reporting on intra-operative fractures associated with primary total knee arthroplasty, to clearly define the predisposing factors, incidence and characteristics of the fracture itself, and to arrive at a consensus on the management and prevention of intra-operative fractures.

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The risk of conversion from a CR type prosthesis to a PS type prosthesis Legacy knee PS flex, , HSS, WOMAC, ROM non-weight bearing & weight bearing. However, PS TKA is superior to CR TKA regarding post-operative knee range of motion (ROM) [Random Effect model (RE), Mean Difference. Cruciate retaining (CR) and postero-stabilized (PS) designs have been developed Conclusion: Improvement of ROM is increased by the use of PS prostheses. This is a list of games for the Sony PlayStation 2 video game system. Title names may be The History Channel: Great Battles of Rome · Slitherine · Black Bean Games, EU, ✓. Hisui no Shizuku: Hiiro no Kakera 2, Design Factory. Additional Indications for Posterior Stabilized (PS) Remove the CR Femoral Trial and line-up the PS Box Cutting. Guide on taking the knee through a ROM.

Ps パチンコ rom. Billy the Wizard: Rocket Broomstick Racing.

Replace all Trials and assess patellar tracking by taking the knee through a ROM​. The patella should track normally through the ROM without tendency for tilting or​. PS femoral components cannot be used with CR, MC, The MC, UC, PS, and CPS implants can be used in and ROM provided during the trialing phase. Note: The CPS TASP components are not compatible with the. CR, UC, or PS TASP components. Figure 5b. Figure 4. Persona CPS TASP. Top Right /EF. While CR prosthesis in TKA provided paradoxical anterior motion of the femur, reducing the ROM, the PS- prosthesis, creates a posterior roll back. Upload Date, Description, Version, Size, Language. , JK Series Intel LAN Driver for Win7/Win/Win10_32Bit/64Bit, v, MB.

Knee ROM recorded the angle of motion from extension to flexion after Therefore, MP prostheses had similar pain and ROM results to PS. LEGION CR Cruciate Retaining Knee Replacement; LEGION PS Posterior Stabilized Knee Replacement; LEGION RK Revision Knee Replacement; LEGION HK.Ps パチンコ rom Hence, theoretically, BCR knees should have more ROM, but that was not In contrast to CR, CS, and PS implants, BCR TKA poses major technical challenges​. Set to output in Y Pb / Cb Pr / Cr. p 24 Hz Output (HDMI). Set whether to use p 24 Hz video output mode for output of BD video. Set this option. Abbreviations: R = case report; S = case series; ROM = range of motion; PS = posterior stabilised; CR = cruciate retaining; OKS = Oxford Knee Score; KS = Knee. Find great deals on your favorite Sony PlayStation 2 Games & hard-to-find titles. Complete your PS2 game collection by shopping seoauditing.ru Free shipping on. [2] reported that a relative risk of femoral fracture in PS TKA of as compared to cruciate retaining (CR) knee surgery. The majority of the distal.

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Introduction ConforMIS, Inc., headquartered in Billerica, Massachusetts, has announced results from the first study of its iTotal PS total knee replacement. geology, oil and gas fields and geologic provinces of the Asia Pacific Region: U. S. Geological Survey Open-file Report F, 1 CD-ROM. U.S. GEOLOGICAL.

In total, TKAs including 96 MC, 70 CR, and PS were analyzed using the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score and ROM at. 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months. Moreover, the KSS and ROM were not significantly different between two groups.​CR-TKA did not result in better quadriceps recovery than PS-.   Ps パチンコ rom PA. Product Assurance; Program Authorization (Air Force). PAC. Production Return on Investment. ROM. Read Only Memory; Rough Order of Magnitude. The PS can also be operated with a 24 V DC power supply. Example: Measuring the temperature of the busbar of an electroplating bath with a non-iso-​. クリップ チューブ ダウンロード In a randomized controlled trial by Hossain et al., an MRTKA was compared to a conventional PS implant and analyzed for post-op ROM and functional outcome. The only statistical difference that could be found after analysis was that the PS group had 8° higher ROM when compared to the CR group. However, the study.

Ps パチンコ rom

The Suda is dependent on Babrius, perhaps also on Avianus and the Ps Rom. IV 11) “ The Cat (the Crow, Rom.) who Invited the Hens to Eat ". Ps. Dos. Victor et al. performed an in vivo kinematic study and reported that the PS type was better than the CR type in terms of the rollback, rotation, and ROM, and these​.  Ps パチンコ rom for a PS design over PCL sacrifice as retention in fi a prosthesis without posterior All these studies, however, did report the raw data of post-operative ROM. Ps. Dos. 13 (cf. Rom. LXXXIX) “The Ass and the Wolf Doctor”. Aphth. 2 “The Swan that was Taken instead of a Goose”. Aphth. 3 “The Kite and the Swans”.

PS seoauditing.ruary psf seoauditing.ru seoauditing.ru ROM seoauditing.ruude. ROW.  Ps パチンコ rom  

Ps パチンコ rom.

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Ps パチンコ rom

So did the postoperative knee flexion. But there was no significant difference in post-operative knee extension. This may be related to the excision of the posterior cruciate ligament and improved soft-tissue balancing.

The femoral-tibial angle, position of the components, tibial posterior slope and level of the joint line were also compared in the current study. However, there is limited data can be extracted from previous RCTs. We think that post-operative knee kinematics may be affected by surgical technique more than the prosthesis design. We found that the two groups had no significant differences not only in mild complications that need no revision surgery such as DVT, superficial infection, but also in severe complications that need revision, which is similar to the previous study [ 8 ].

However, all the RCTs so far have a relatively short period of follow-up, and long-term follow-up studies of these two types of prostheses are necessitated. Our study has several strengths. First of all, we searched all the three main medical databases, and only RCTs were included, studies such as retrospective control studies and RCTs [ 23 , 24 , 25 ] that use a same prosthesis with or without PCL retained were excluded, while they were included in previous study [ 7 , 22 ].

Besides, all the databases were searched up to July 15, , which covered the latest related articles in the field. Last but not least, our study analyzed clinical scores, ROM, knee kinematics and complications, and all the outcomes were showed in one article, and this might bring an all-around comparison between CR and PS TKA. We divided the complications into mild and severe group, divided by whether revision surgery was needed or not.

However, there are some limitations to our study. First, this study was limited to the articles published in English, which had selection bias in language, and might miss some related RCTs that published in non-English.

Especially in the study of knee kinematics, the number of related RCTs was limited. Finally, we could see that it varied in the way of comparison. It might be difficult for someone who had undergone bilateral TKA to evaluated clinical function and pain of each knee separately. Based on all currently RCTs on this topic, our study found that there were no differences between CR and PS TKA regarding to post-operative clinical knee scores, knee kinematics and the rate of complication including the rate of revision.

Whether this superiority affects further knee function or not still need further study. Whether this superiority matters or not in clinical practice still needs further investigation and longer follow-up. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.

PLoS One. Published online Jan Chunfeng Zhao, Editor. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Received Oct 20; Accepted Jan 8. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Associated Data Supplementary Materials S1 File: The details of literature search strategies and the corresponding results. S2 File: The judgment strategy of article quality assessment. Methods Literature published up to August was searched in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases, and meta-analysis was performed using the software, Review Manager version 5.

Methods 2. Results 3. Open in a separate window. Fig 1. Table 1 Basic characteristics of included studies. Fig 2. Quality assessment summary. Fig 3. Funnel plot for publication bias inspection. Fig 4. Hint When this option is set to [50 Hz], the screen display may flash or be distorted each time the frequency changes.

Set your system to prompt for confirmation before connecting to the Internet. Set to detect the difference between video, film and animation material automatically and to select the best conversion mode for each material.

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The video output will not be displayed at p 24 Hz. Set to output BD video that was recorded at p 24 Hz directly at a resolution of p 24 Hz. Battle of Sunrise. Ankoku Bujutsukai! Dimps Corporation. Battle Stadium D. Battlefield 2: Modern Combat. Battlestar Galactica. Universal Interactive. Beach King Stunt Racer. Beast Sapp. Nippon Amuse. BeatMania Da Da Da!! Konami Digital Entertainment. The Best Da. Konami Computer Entertainment Japan. Beck: The Game. Marvelous Entertainment. Ben Protector Of Earth.

Ben 10 Alien Force: Vilgax Attacks. Ben 10 Ultimate Alien: Cosmic Destruction. Ben Hur: Blood of Braves. Beverly Hills Cop. Atomic Planet Entertainment. Blue Castle Games. Biker Mice from Mars. Bikkuri Mouse. Billy the Wizard: Rocket Broomstick Racing. Binchou-tan: Shiawasegoyomi. Marvelous Interactive. Electronic Arts Lego Interactive. Bistro Cupid 2. Black Cat: Kikai Shikake no Tenshi. Black Market Bowling.

Bleach: Blade Battlers. Bleach: Blade Battlers 2. Bleach: Erabareshi Tamashii. Bleach: Hanatareshi Yabou. Blokus Club with Bumpy Trot. Blood: The Last Vampire - Gekan.

Blood: The Last Vampire - Joukan. Grasshopper Manufacture. Board Games Gallery. Bob the Builder Eye Toy. Bob the Builder: Festival of Fun. Boboboubo Boubobo: Hajike Matsuri. Boboboubo Boubobo: Shuumare! Taikan Boubobo.

The Boku no Machidzukuri 2 — Machi-ing Maker 2. Boku no Natsuyasumi 2: Umi no Bouken Hen. Boku wa Chiisai. Victor Interactive Software. Bokura no Kazoku. Disney Interactive Studios. Bomberman Jetters. Racjin , Hudson Soft. Bomberman Land 3. Bouken Jidai Katsugeki: Goemon. Bouken Shounen Club Gahou. Bouken-Ou Beet: Darkness Century.

Boukoku no Aegis Warship Gunner. The Bouncer. Dream Factory. Bratz: Forever Diamondz. Bratz: Girlz Really Rock. Bratz: The Movie. Bratz: Rock Angelz. Brave Story: Wataru no Bouken. Brave: The Search for Spirit Dancer. Vis Entertainment. Bravo Music: Chou-Meikyokuban. Bravo Music: Christmas Edition. Breeders' Cup World Thoroughbred Championships. Bethesda Studios. Britney's Dance Beat. Metro Graphics.

Brunswick Pro Bowling. Point of View. Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Chaos Bleeds. Burnout 2: Point of Impact. Busin 0: Wizardry Alternative Neo.

Busou Renkin: Yokosu Papillon Park e. Butt-Ugly Martians: Zoom or Doom! Junior: Ace Racers. Junior: Dino Den. Junior: Jungle Party. Junior: Monster Rumble. Junior: Robo Jam. C M-Station. Cabela's African Safari. Cabela's Alaskan Adventures. Cabela's Big Game Hunter Cabela's Big Game Hunter Adventures.

Cabela's Dangerous Hunts. Cabela's Dangerous Hunts 2. Cabela's Deer Hunt: Season. Cabela's Legendary Adventures. Cabela's Monster Bass.

Cabela's North American Adventures. Cabela's Outdoor Adventures Cabela's Trophy Bucks. Cafe Little Wish: Mahou no Recipe. Cake Mania: Baker's Challenge. Call of Duty: Finest Hour. Rebellion Developments. Call of Duty 2: Big Red One. Capcom Classics Collection Vol. Backbone Entertainment.

Capcom vs. Captain Scarlet. Cardinal Arc: Konton no Fuusatsu. Carol Vorderman's Sudoku. Cars Mater-National Championship. Cart Kings. Gameshastra Inc. Cartoon Kingdom. Cartoon Network Racing. Carwash Tycoon. Casino Challenge.

Casper and The Ghostly Trio. Casper: Spirit Dimensions. Casper's Scare School. Castle Fantasia: Arihato Senki. CaveMan Rock. Cel Damage Overdrive. Champions of Norrath: Realms of Everquest. Sony Online Entertainment. Champions: Return to Arms. Championship Manager Beautiful Game Studios. Championship Manager 5. Chandragupta: Warrior Prince. Immersive Games. Chaos Field: New Order. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Charlie's Angels. Charlotte's Web. Chenuen no San Goku Shi.

ESP Software. Cherry Blossom. Chess Challenger. Slam Games. Zoo Digital Publishing. Chobits: Chii dake no Hito. Chocolat: Maid Cafe Curio. ChopLifter: Crisis Shield. ChoroQ Works. Chou Gouka! Quiz Ketteiban JP. Chou-jikuu Yousai Macross. Zokusha King BU. Choukousoku Igo. Choukousoku Mahjong. Choukousoku Mahjong Plus. Choukousoku Reversi. Choukousoku Shogi. The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian. Twelve Games. Circuit Blasters. Circus Maximus: Chariot Wars. Kodiak Interactive. Syscom Entertainment.

Classic British Motor Racing. Clear: Atarashii Kaze no Fuku Oka de. Clever Kids-Dino Land. Clever Kids-Pony World. Capcom Production Studio 3. Clock Zero: Shuuen no Ichibyou. Clover Heart's: Looking for Happiness. Clover no Kuni no Alice. Cocoto Fishing Master. Cocoto Funfair. Big Ben Interactive. Cocoto Kart Racer.

Cocoto Platform Jumper. Code Lyoko: Quest for Infinity. Global Star Software. Colin McRae Rally Colorful Aquarium: My Little Mermaid. Colorful Box: To Love. Sound Tail. BattleBorne Entertainment.

Combat Queen. Commandos: Strike Force. Commandos 2: Men of Courage. MASA Group. Conspiracy: Weapons of Mass Destruction. The Conveni 3. The Conveni 4. Cool Boarders: Code Alien. Cool Shot. Steel Monkeys. Cowboy Bebop: Tsuioku no Serenade. Hack Berry. Crash 'N' Burn. Climax Studios. Majin Power JP. Crash: Mind Over Mutant. Nitro Kart JP. HB Studios Multimedia. Crime Life: Gang Wars. Crimson Empire: Circumstances to Serve a Noble. Spike , DreamFactory. Critical Bullet: 7th Target.

Critical Velocity. Cross Channel: To All People. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon. Crusty Demons. CSI: 3 Dimensions of Murder. Cubix: Robots for Everyone: Showdown. Cue Academy: Snooker, Pool, Billiards. Omiya Soft. Curious George. Curry House CoCo Ichibanya. Curse: The Eye of Isis. Cyber Jansou. Cyclone Circus. Playlogic Entertainment.

Da Capo Plus Situation. Gray-man: Sousha no Shikaku. Angel: Kurenai no Tsubasa. The Da Vinci Code. Daemon Summoner. Dai Guruguru Onsen. Daisan Teikoku Koubouki. Daisan Teikoku Koubouki II. Daisenryaku Daisenryaku VII: Exceed. Dakar 2. Dalmatians 3. Keen Games. Dance Dance Revolution Extreme. Dance Dance Revolution Extreme Japan. Dance Dance Revolution Extreme 2.

Dance Dance Revolution Party Collection. Dance Dance Revolution Strike. Dance Dance Revolution X. Dance Dance Revolution X2. Dance Factory. Dance Fest. Dance Party: Club Hits. Nordic Games Publishing. Dance Party: Pop Hits. Dance Summit Bust A Move. Dance: UK. BigBen Interactive.

Dance: UK eXtra Trax. Dancing Stage Fever. Dancing Stage Fusion. Dancing With The Stars. Dark Angel: Vampire Apocalypse. David Beckham Soccer. Delasotta et al. The most common indication for total knee arthroplasty was primary osteoarthritis, comprising Osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, advanced age, female gender, chronic steroid use, posterior stabilized arthroplasty and metabolic bone disease have been reported by several authors to be significant risk factors for intra-operative fractures during primary total knee arthroplasty [ 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 ].

As mentioned previously, many authors found a significantly higher incidence of intra-operative fractures in women as compared to men [ 2 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 9 , 13 ]. Even though Lombardi et al. Both cases reported by Huang et al. The other patient had a severe varus deformity with medial tibial bone defect and femoral bone defects. Felix el al [ 9 ]. The classification includes both intra-operative and post-operative fractures. Type I fractures extend from the tibial plateau and involve the prosthesis interface, type II fractures occur adjacent to the tibial stem in the proximal metaphyseal-diaphyseal region, type III fractures are distal to the tibial prosthesis and type IV fractures are limited to the tibial tubercle.

We did not find any particular classification for intra-operative femoral fractures in primary knee arthroplasty. Alden et al. Lombardi et al. After they started using Maxim PS knee Biomet, Warsaw , they used a special instrument to size the intercondylar resection before the insertion of the final component. This allowed the surgeon to find out whether or not the intercondylar resection was adequate for seating the final component.

The difference in the incidence of intercondylar fractures between these two cohorts of patients was statistically significant.

Hernigou et al. They also found that intra-operative fracture was 9. Out of the six tibial sizes available from the manufacturer Tornier PS knee , use of the size-1 tibia was associated with statistically significantly higher incidence of tibial fractures. They found that proportionally, the tibial keel for base plate size 1 was too large for the tibia of patients with a small frame, which explained the higher incidence of fracture with the size-1 tibial implant. Pun et al.

Agarwala et al. Of the 10 non-displaced femoral condyle fractures reported by Pinaroli et al. Of the tibial fractures in the study of Agarwala et al. Overzealous hammering of the final tibial component has been recognized to be a strong risk factor for intra-operative tibial fractures [ 4 , 10 ]. Of the tibial fractures identified by Pinaroli et al.

There were femoral fractures and 98 tibial fractures in total from the 10 studies included in this review. Of the 10 studies, 5 reported both femoral and tibial fractures [ 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 12 ], 4 reported only femoral fractures [ 6 , 7 , 8 , 13 ] and 1 study reported only tibial fractures [ 9 ].

Among the studies that reported details, the medial femoral condyle was the most common fracture site, followed by the lateral femoral condyle involving the distal femur [ 2 , 4 , 8 ]. Three studies reported femoral fractures as intercondylar or metaphyseal fractures, without further specification of the fracture site [ 3 , 12 , 13 ]. No other studies reported supracondylar fractures. Fractures of the medial and lateral femoral epicondyles were uncommon [ 2 , 4 ].

The large majority of the reported tibial fractures involved the anterior, posterior, medial or lateral cortex of the tibia without significant displacement.

They also reported two fractures of the anterior tibial tuberosity. There is no consensus in the literature on a particular treatment option for a particular type of fracture. We found that various treatment options were utilized according to surgeon preference, including no fixation with or without delayed weight bearing in stable non-displaced fractures, screw fixation, sutures, figure-of-eight wire, components with intramedullary stems, plate and screws, constrained knee implants, distal femoral replacement and various combinations of these techniques.

We found two studies in which screws and stemmed femoral components were used in some of the femoral condyle fractures [ 2 , 13 ]. Three authors utilized only screws for the fixation of femoral condylar fractures [ 5 , 6 , 8 ]. Vertical crack fractures of the tibial cortex were fixed with screws in four studies [ 2 , 4 , 5 , 9 ].

Tibial tuberosity fractures were fixed with screws reinforced with metallic wires [ 3 ] Table 2. There was variation among the studies in allowing weight bearing and ROM after the intra-operative fractures were identified.

Full weight bearing and ROM with crutches or a walking frame immediately after surgery was allowed in three studies [ 4 , 5 , 13 ].

Different outcome scores were utilized and all the authors reported significant improvement in the clinical scores as compared with the pre-operative status [ 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 13 ]. There was no statistically significant difference in comparison to the series of patients without complications.

Data on radiographic healing of the fractures was available in 7 [ 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 13 ] out of the 10 studies and all of them reported radiographic healing of all fractures except for one complex fracture of the tibia reported by Pinaroli et al. Revision surgery was reported in 4 out of the 10 studies [ 2 , 3 , 5 , 9 ]. Revision surgery rates of 7. Intra-operative fracture during primary total knee arthroplasty is uncommon and there is limited literature on this topic.

We conducted a systematic review of the available literature to define the incidence, risk factors, time of occurrence of the fracture during surgery, characteristics of the fractures, management options and the outcomes. We have also identified precautions to be taken to prevent these fractures.

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The outcome measures for data aggregation were knee scores, post-operative ROM, radiological outcomes about knee kinematics and complications. We also reviewed references of related reviews so that no studies were missed. Title and abstract review was conducted firstly to rule out the apparently unrelated articles. Then the articles would be examined through the text to determine whether they should be included for the meta-analysis or not according to the eligibility criteria.

Reviews and former meta-analyses about this topic were also kept for reference review. All screening works were conducted independently by two authors.

Disagreements were discussed and consulted with corresponding author until a consensus was made. Each study included was reviewed thoroughly to extract as much data as we can. With incomplete data in the published articles e. We use the software, Review Manager RevMan version 5. With RevMan, publication bias was visually inspected with the funnel plot, quality assessment was conducted with the risk and bias tables, and heterogeneity of included studies was tested with Chi 2 and heterogeneity index, I 2.

For clinical scores, function and kinematic characteristics, which are continuous, we employed FE model and the Inverse Variance method. For complications, which are dichotomous, we employed the FE model and the Mantel-Haenszel method. We defined that any complication that need to remove the prosthesis or re-surgery as a severe complication, and others as mild ones. RE model was used if subgroup and sensitivity analyses cannot settle heterogeneity issue.

The details of literature search strategies and the corresponding results are available in S1 File. Totally articles were retrieved from the three databases. The screening process was shown in Fig 1. The basic characteristics of these studies were summarized in Table 1. The quality assessment were performed with the risk and bias table in RevMan and summarized in Fig 2 , as we could see, most of the articles were low to moderate risk according to quality assessment.

The reasons for each judgement are available in S2 File. We can conclude that most RCTs were performed with a relatively high quality. Publication bias was visually inspected with funnel plot in RevMan Fig 3. We use the analysis of KSS to generate this funnel plot because it included 11 of 14 studies and covered more than any other analysis.

Fig 3 showed there was no significant publication bias among these studies. Grey with a minus sign: High risk; Yellow with a question mark: Unclear risk; Green with a plus sign: Low risk. Graded according to the instruction in RevMan software. All included studies are within the dotted line, indicating no significant publication bias among the studies. CR, Posterior Cruciate-retaining prostheses. PS, Posterior-Stabilized prostheses.

Fixed, Fixed Effect model. Random, Random Effect model. SD, Standard Deviation. CI, Confidence Interval. Meta-analysis of clinical function, including postoperative ROM, knee flexion and extension was shown in Fig 5. Meta-analysis of knee flexion. Meta-analysis of knee extension. Meta-analysis of improvement of ROM. Meta-analysis of kinematic characteristics, including postoperative tibial and femoral component alignment, tibial posterior slope, joint line and femoral-tibial angle, was shown in Fig 6.

No significant heterogeneity among the few studies focused on kinematics. Meta-analysis of tibial component alignment. Meta-analysis of femoral component alignment. Meta-analysis of tibial posterior slope. Meta-analysis of joint line. Meta-analysis of femoral-tibial angle. Subgroup analysis of complications was implemented with totally patients in CR group and patients in PS group Fig 7. In this study, we included totally 14 studies, with 2 more studies [ 12 , 13 ] than the former meta-analyses on this topic [ 22 ].

Besides, all studies included here were RCTs, which were known to provide the least biased evidence. However, the difference is so small that we think it is of no significance in clinical practice. It was the same in our study. So did the postoperative knee flexion. But there was no significant difference in post-operative knee extension.

This may be related to the excision of the posterior cruciate ligament and improved soft-tissue balancing. The femoral-tibial angle, position of the components, tibial posterior slope and level of the joint line were also compared in the current study. However, there is limited data can be extracted from previous RCTs. We think that post-operative knee kinematics may be affected by surgical technique more than the prosthesis design.

We found that the two groups had no significant differences not only in mild complications that need no revision surgery such as DVT, superficial infection, but also in severe complications that need revision, which is similar to the previous study [ 8 ]. However, all the RCTs so far have a relatively short period of follow-up, and long-term follow-up studies of these two types of prostheses are necessitated.

Our study has several strengths. First of all, we searched all the three main medical databases, and only RCTs were included, studies such as retrospective control studies and RCTs [ 23 , 24 , 25 ] that use a same prosthesis with or without PCL retained were excluded, while they were included in previous study [ 7 , 22 ]. Besides, all the databases were searched up to July 15, , which covered the latest related articles in the field.

Last but not least, our study analyzed clinical scores, ROM, knee kinematics and complications, and all the outcomes were showed in one article, and this might bring an all-around comparison between CR and PS TKA. We divided the complications into mild and severe group, divided by whether revision surgery was needed or not. However, there are some limitations to our study.

First, this study was limited to the articles published in English, which had selection bias in language, and might miss some related RCTs that published in non-English. Especially in the study of knee kinematics, the number of related RCTs was limited. Finally, we could see that it varied in the way of comparison. It might be difficult for someone who had undergone bilateral TKA to evaluated clinical function and pain of each knee separately.

Based on all currently RCTs on this topic, our study found that there were no differences between CR and PS TKA regarding to post-operative clinical knee scores, knee kinematics and the rate of complication including the rate of revision. Whether this superiority affects further knee function or not still need further study.

Whether this superiority matters or not in clinical practice still needs further investigation and longer follow-up. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. PLoS One. Published online Jan Chunfeng Zhao, Editor. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Received Oct 20; Accepted Jan 8. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Associated Data Supplementary Materials S1 File: The details of literature search strategies and the corresponding results. S2 File: The judgment strategy of article quality assessment. Methods Literature published up to August was searched in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases, and meta-analysis was performed using the software, Review Manager version 5.

Methods 2. Results 3. Open in a separate window. Fig 1. Table 1 Basic characteristics of included studies. By enabling upscaled output, video content can be played in higher resolution. Adjust the settings as necessary for the TV in use. Set whether to use p 24 Hz video output mode for output of BD video. This setting is for use only when Linear PCM audio format is selected as the audio output format. This setting is used when an audio output device is connected to the system via an HDMI cable.

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