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To do this, Close your encoder. CNB en. You have the following options for configuring Telegraf: To connect Telegraf to a secured InfluxDB instance https URL that is using a self-signed certificate, you must enable insecure-skip-verify. Higher performance set-top boxes include storage of recorded television broadcasts, storage of downloaded software, and hard disks for other applications provided by DTV service providers.

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JPB2 - System and method for communicating media signals - Google Patents

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However, it will be understood that other configurations can be employed as needed to balance different DRS transmission schemes.

Using different versions of redundancy can allow gains to be combined across time and other information purposes.

In addition, the repetition in multi-subframe DRS has occupied a large number of subframes. The PBCH can also carry information about technical identifiers. Some reserved bits in the PBCH can be used to transmit this information. For example, some reserved bits may be used to indicate that a PBCH transmission corresponds to an access point transmission based on a particular version of MulteFire technology rather than another technology operating in the same bandwidth.

If milliseconds ms , only 6 bits are carried in the SFN indication. The sub frame offset index defines the offset of the first DRS sub frame or the third DRS sub frame from the actual sub frame 0 or sub frame 5. In one example, the frame offset of the starting position can be relative to To indicate. As illustrated, the access point and the access terminal may generally each include a wireless communication device represented by communication devices and for communicating with other wireless nodes via at least one designated RAT.

Depending on the designated RAT eg, message, indication, information, pilot frequency, etc. As used herein, a "transceiver" may include a transmitter circuit, a receiver circuit, or a combination thereof, but need not provide both transmission and reception functions in all designs. For example, low-function receiver circuits can be used in some designs to reduce costs when full communication is not required for example, a radio chip or similar circuit system that only provides low-level sniffing.

Further, as used herein, the term "co-located" eg, radio, access point, transceiver, etc. The communication controllers and may include one or more processors and and one or more memories and coupled to the processors and , respectively. The memories and may be configured to store data, instructions, or a combination thereof, or as on-board cache memory, as separate components, combinations, and the like.

The processors and and the memories and may be separate communication elements or may be part of respective host system functions of the access point and the access terminal In some designs, some or all of the functions associated therewith may be performed by at least one processor eg, one or more of processors , at least one memory eg, one or more of memories , At least one transceiver e. In other designs, some or all of the functions associated with it can be implemented as a series of interrelated function modules.

In the illustrated example, the device includes a module for performing and a module for transmission. The module for transmission may be configured to transmit a multi-subframe DRS within a DMTC frame based on a result of execution performed by the module for execution, the multi-subframe DRS including a plurality of symbols each including a plurality of symbols.

In some designs, the functions of these modules can be implemented as one or more electronic components. In some designs, the functions of the blocks may be implemented as a processing system including one or more processor elements. In some designs, the functions of the modules may be implemented using, for example, at least a portion of one or more integrated circuits eg, ASIC.

As discussed herein, an integrated circuit may include a processor, software, other related components, or some combination thereof.

Therefore, the functions of different modules can be implemented, for example, as different subsets of integrated circuits, as different subsets of software module sets, or combinations thereof. Such components may also be implemented at least in part using corresponding structures taught herein. For example, the components described above in connection with the "module for Thus, in some aspects, one or more of such components may be implemented using one or more of a processor element, an integrated circuit, or other suitable structures including as an algorithm taught herein.

Those skilled in the art will recognize the algorithms represented in the above prose and the sequence of actions that can be represented by pseudo-code in the content of this case. For example, the components and functions represented in FIG.

Rather, such designations may be used herein as a convenient way to distinguish between two or more elements or instances of an element. Patreon k - backfi59sedni. Dim the goat princess patreon. Bella delphin patreon money. Patreon stonkaura. Can you be annoymouse on patreon.

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For information about installing Telegraf, see the Telegraf Installation instructions. Snmp Oid For Memory Usage. If you have banged your head trying to get the Yang Explorer working, you are not alone. In the demo, the virtual machine is restarted and therefore will send shutdown nsNotififyShutdown and startup coldStart traps to Telegraf.

Design goals are to have a minimal memory footprint with a plugin system so that developers in the community can easily add support for collecting metrics from local or remote services.

Send it data, it will graph it Basic playbook. It uses Extensible Markup Language XML -based data encoding for the configuration data as well as the protocol messages. All metrics are gathered from the inputs you enable and configure in the configuration file. It comes with over input and around 30 outputs plugins, each one to read and write to specific sources including generic ones, like files or scripts , all you need to do is write a configuration file.

These are the top rated real world Golang examples of net. We want to make sure, that two syslog receiver The subscriptions need to be statically configured on the network device using any of the available interfaces CLI, APIs, etc.

Vector NTI The command is the following: netconf-console --host Telegraf is a plugin-driven server agent that can be used to collect and report metrics, events, and logs. It uses output plugins which control where it sends the data, such as to a database. Consuming, Storing, and Showing Data. Could DevOps be next? See full list on wifireference. Mohammad has 2 jobs listed on their profile. For the uninitiated, config stores are a place where you can put config chunks either singularly, or in aggregate over a series of netconf pushes, to generate a new config that you will apply in one hit.

Finally, we intend to give Streaming Telemetry a spin as soon as time allows, as the Netconf plugin for Telegraf is almost out! To help our team grow, we plan to use tools and methods to work together efficiently.

The folks over at Juniper have already created some python scripts that populate In Telegraf is an open-source server agent used for collecting and reporting metrics and events. We can leave all that at default - it will work for our purposes. See full list on devconnected. Another factor is the copper wire gauge. A heavier gauge wire can carry the same data rate farther than a gauge wire.

For arriving equipment beyond the 5. Only a small portion of the bandwidth is useful for upstream upstream or user interactive messages. However, most Internet, especially graphics-media or multi-media intensive web data, requires a lot of downstream bandwidth, but user requests and responses are small and require little upstream bandwidth. Using ADSL, data up to 6.

High downstream downstream bandwidth means that the telephone line can carry operational video, audio, and 3-D images to the arriving computer or television player. In addition, a small portion of the downstream bandwidth can be devoted to voice rather than data, and telephone conversations can be carried without the need for a separate line.

In many cases, your existing telephone line will work with ADSL. Some areas may need to be upgraded. The hardware may be required to carry the CDSL to the home or store by a local telephone company. Although not required, it is believed that the telephone company manages to divide it for users remotely and is lower cost. At least one publication is G. We anticipated Lite will be the most widely installed form of DSL.

The main characteristic of HDSL is that it is symmetrical, and an equivalent amount of bandwidth is effective in both directions. For this reason, the maximum data rate is generally lower than for ADSL. Thus, the delivery rate can be adjusted. Since the data rate is the same in both directions, it is said to be symmetric. A number of standards organizations are working on it. At least one publication cited 3Com as saying that this technology is "the latest modem you need.

It is believed that it was first introduced by the Bell System. This T-system is totally digital with pulse code modulation and time division multiplexing. The audio signal is typically sampled approximately 8, times per second and each sample is digitized into an 8-bit word. Thus, 24 channels digitized simultaneously transmit a bit frame representing an 8-bit word in each of the 24 channels approximately 8, times per second.

Each frame is separated from the next by unit bits into a bit block. The data rate published by T-1 at 1. The T-1 digital stream includes 24, 64 Kbps channels that are multiplexed, and a standard 64 Kbps channel is based on the bandwidth required for voice conversation.

The four wires were originally a pair of twisted pair copper wires, but more recent systems offer coaxial cable, optical fiber, digital microwave, and other carrier technologies. Another level, the T-3 line, has been announced to provide Another commonly used service is "fractional T-1", which is some rental of 24 channels on the T-1 line, along with other unused channels.

Must be understood along with software capabilities. Each pixel has red, green, and blue RGB components. By specifying the amount of density or intensity for each of these components, an individual color is imparted to that pixel. It is. To further illustrate the wide variety of system display capabilities, systems using Windows commercially available from Microsoft Corporation and Macintosh commercially available from Apple Corporation Operating systems based on, without having an equivalent palette, colors are common to both types of browsers in a typical color palette, but 40 colors are different, so the image signal is Communication to the other system type in the format specified by one requires dithering by a browser running on the other system.

With respect to computer terminal usage, the VDT includes a computer exit surface and a projection mechanism that presents text and graphic images to the computer user. Includes technology. A display is usually considered to include a screen or projection surface and a device that produces information on the screen. LCDs consume significantly less power than LEDs and gas-display VDT because they generally operate on the principle of blocking light rather than emitting light.

A passive matrix LCD has a grid of conductors with pixels located at each intersection in the grid. A current is sent across the two conductors in the grid to control the light for any pixel. The active matrix has a transistor located at each pixel intersection and requires less current to control the brightness of the pixel.

For this reason, the current in an active matrix display can be switched on and off more frequently, improving screen refresh time and hence the effect on higher speed of streaming media action video.

It has improved. Some passive matrix LCDs do dual scanning, which scans the grid twice with current in the same time as one scan in earlier versions, but the active matrix is still a better technology within those two It is generally considered that Reflective color display technology, that is, a display structure that integrates color filters into a passive matrix, is an alternative to low power, low cost active matrix technology.

Since they reflect ambient light, reflective LCDs exhibit particularly high performance during outdoor daytime use. A variety of different display technologies and hence transmission formats have been developed specifically for television viewing. Thus, several different standards have evolved for television transmission, the differences of which are the nature and extent of compression and hence the choice of a particular CODEC desired for communicating streaming media in a television environment.

Can have a significant impact. It has. This allows broadcasters to transmit digital signals using existing cables, satellites, and terrestrial systems.

MPEG-2 uses a lossy compression method, which compresses the digital signal sent to the television and loses some data, but this lost data is about how the human eye sees the video. May or may not be affected. The MPEG-2 compression standard is described in more detail elsewhere herein. Multicasting is an attractive feature because television stations can earn additional revenue from the additional advertising provided by those extra programs. With today's analog television systems, only one program can be transmitted at a time.

Some television stations have begun transmitting HDTV broadcasts to users on a limited number of channels. HDTV generally uses digital rather than analog signal transmission. This p represents progressive scanning sequential scanning , each scan contains each line for one complete image, and i represents interlaced scanning interlaced scanning , every other half of the image.

Includes lines. One of the most prominent features of HDTV is its wide aspect ratio of 9 screen width vs. Development based on belief based. In the SDTV format, DTV allows using a specified channel for multiple signals at the current quality level instead of a single signal at the HDTV level, which allows more programs with the same bandwidth usage Will do.

Commercial and public broadcasters are now deciding how to embody their use of HDTV. At the end of the DTV transition period, it is believed that analog transmission will be substantially replaced and the current analog channel will be used only for DTV. The surplus channels used for digital broadcasting can be used for other services such as more television channels or data broadcasting, for example at auction.

Simulcast is for the transmission of simultaneous television and Internet services, the transmission of analog and digital radio broadcasts, and the transmission of television programs in various screen formats such as conventional and wide screen formats. Also used. Simulcast broadcasting is used all over the world.

For television stations that transmit DTV programs, DTV facilities must be built, but certain stations must earn money to build these facilities. Simulcast allows television stations to continue to generate revenue from traditional analog programs and to generate surplus revenue from surplus digital programs. Another obstacle in the transition to DTV is the lack of interest among consumers. The need for special equipment prevents viewers from seeing the difference between digital and analog programs, which also slows public interest in DTV.

In any case, according to known or foreseeable systems, consumers must, at a minimum, purchase a converter to watch DTV transmissions on their old television receivers. In addition, consumers who use terrestrial services or antennas to receive television signals require an antenna equipped for digital signals.

Consumers located on mountainous terrain in ATSC compliant countries may not be able to receive terrestrial digital signals due to multipath effects. This is common even with today's analog television systems.

In DVB compliant countries, the ground does not affect the reception of digital signals. DTV set-top boxes are often referred to as receivers. It is estimated that 35 million homes will use digital set-top boxes by the end of , which is the end year of the transition to DTV.

The contents of the set-top box depend on the DTV standard being used. Higher performance set-top boxes include storage of recorded television broadcasts, storage of downloaded software, and hard disks for other applications provided by DTV service providers. Digital set-top boxes can be used for satellite and terrestrial DTV, but are most often used for cable television.

The service to which the set-top box is attached can be performed through a telephone rotation such as WebTV, or through a cable TV company such as TCI. For cable users, all digital set-top boxes are equipped with a Dolby Digital 2-channel decoder. To use 5. However, like most new technologies, HDTV is expensive. Nonetheless, the cheaper digital TV offers a significantly improved viewing experience over previous TVs, and for those who choose to keep the old receiver, the addition of a set-top converter Will deliver improved video and sound that can be distinguished.

Started the "Video Broadcasting" project. DVB is intended to provide an open system that opposes a closed system. Closed systems are specific to content providers, are not extensible, and are optimized only for the systems on which they are evolved. Open systems such as DVB allow subscribers to select different content providers and allow integration of multiple PCs and televisions.

The DVB system is intended to be optimized for television, but also supports home shopping, banking, private network broadcasting or leased line broadcasting , and interactive viewing. Intended for DVB is to open up the possibility of providing very clear television programs to bus, car and train television, or even to portable television.

DVBs are beneficial and promoted to content providers because they can provide their own services wherever DVB is supported regardless of geographic location. They can also easily and inexpensively expand their own services, ensuring limited access to subscribers and reducing revenue loss from unauthorized viewing.

Two layers on each of its two sides hold up to 17 gigabytes of video, audio, or other information compared to current CD-ROMs of approximately the same physical size that hold about megabytes. DVD has three general optimizations that are variously optimized for i video eg, continuous movies , ii audio eg, long performing music , and iii mixing eg, interactive multimedia presentations. Can be recorded in any format. The MPEG-2 and -1 standards are defined in more detail elsewhere here. Audio quality on DVD can be comparable to current audio compact discs.

This is because both are intended to be reproduced. VHS uses a technology similar to that of audio cassettes to store signals on magnetic tape as an analog format. While VHS tapes typically store up to about 2 hours of video, some VCRs can record them at a slower rate, up to 6 hours or even up to 8 hours per tape. This is comparable to a DVD that outputs more than horizontal resolutions. However, VHS continues to be a popular means of viewing video, and VHS tapes are still easily found throughout the country and around the world, from movie rental stores to grocery stores.

Is generally defined as a small portable round medium. Both formats improve the complexity of the sound by increasing the bit rate and sample rate, and can be played on existing CD players, but generally have a quality level just like that of conventional CDs. Instead of this, the analog waveform is converted into a 1-bit signal for direct recording.

DSD uses lossless compression and a sampling rate of about 2. The SACD may also contain additional information such as text, graphics, and video clips. These protocols are briefly summarized directly below for the purpose of providing a more detailed understanding, particularly with respect to streaming media communications. Each of these packets is individually numbered and contains the destination Internet address. Individual packets for a given file may travel different routes through the Internet.

If it all arrives, they are reassembled into the original file, eg by TCP at the receiving end. The packet switching method is an efficient method for handling transmission on a connectionless network such as the Internet. Alternative schemes, such as circuit switching schemes, are used for networks that are allocated for substantially voice connections. In circuit switching, lines in the network are shared among multiple users by packet switching, and each connection generally requires the occupancy of a specific path during that connection.

This is especially true when comparing systems in a wide range of applications in the United States when compared to the rest of the world except the United States. Therefore, considerable effort has been extended in overcoming competing issues between multiple format specific systems and related wireless devices operating on different platforms.

For purposes of further understanding wireless communications as later associated with the present invention, the following is a brief summary of significant technologies, systems, and protocols used in the wireless communications industry. Early systems are known as 1G phones and systems and are pure analog.

However, with rapid growth, the available bandwidth for mobile phones has been drastically reduced, giving way to 2G digital signal processing, which can be used for complex signal processing for advanced telecommunications. Significantly increased bandwidth and capacity. However, with the increased demand for wireless Internet access, technology development has moved from 2G phones which are generally not enabled on the Internet to 2.

As further deployed immediately below, systems, protocols, and enabling technologies have thus evolved towards a focused focus in bringing 2. These are briefly described here as follows. As the term implies, CDMA allows multiple signals to occupy a single transmission channel and optimizes the use of available bandwidth. The audio input is first digitized into binary elements.

The frequency of the transmitted signal is made to fluctuate according to a defined pattern code so that its frequency response can only be disturbed by a receiver programmed with the same code and is precisely tuned to the transmitter frequency To do. There are trillions of potential frequency sequencing codes that increase privacy and make cloning or copying difficult. The CDMA channel is nominally 1. The combination of digital mode and spread spectrum mode supports several times as multiple signals per unit bandwidth as in analog mode.

CDMA is compatible with other cellular technologies, which enables nationwide roaming. One version of cdmaOne, ISA, is a protocol that uses a 1.

To do. Another version ISB can support speeds up to Kbps by bundling up to 8 channels. Companies that developed versions of this standard include Ericsson Corporation and Qualcomm Corporation. GSM digitizes, compresses, and transmits data in one channel along with the other two streams of user data, each in its own time slot. It operates in either MHz or MHz frequency bands.

At the time of this disclosure, GSM was generally considered the wireless telephone standard in Europe and was announced to be available in countries with over million users worldwide. PCS is a telecommunications service that throws voice communications, numeric and text messages, and voice mail into a single device, service contact, and bill.

PCS is most often transmitted over a digital cellular link. The service is planned to have more than base stations for various small mobile phones produced by manufacturers such as Ericsson Corporation, Motora Corporation, and Nokia Corporation. Part of the evolution of telecommunications. The OSI architecture is split into seven layers, from lowest to highest: 1 physical layer, 2 data link layer, 3 network layer, 4 transport layer, 5 session layer, 6 A display layer, and 7 an adaptive layer.

Each layer uses its own immediate layer to provide services to the upper layer. In some implementations, a layer may itself be composed of multiple sublayers. Higher data rates allow users to participate in video conferences and use mobile handheld devices with notebook computers to interact converse with multimedia web sites. Using SMS, a short alphanumeric message alphanumeric characters can be sent to the mobile phone and displayed there, much like an alphanumeric call system.

Messages are buffered in the GSM network until the phone is active. It is also intended to make mobile applications available to mobile users, which means that faster data rates are needed for middleware that currently needs to adapt applications to the slower speeds of wireless systems. This is because haze means that nothing is needed. Supports 25 protocols. Further contemplated by UMTS is to provide a consistent set of services to mobile computer and telephone users regardless of where they are located in the world.

This service is based on the GSM communication standard and is approved by leading standards bodies and manufacturers and is a planned standard for mobile users around the world by Once UMTS has been fully implemented, computer and telephone users can continually connect to the Internet as they move. EDGE is expected to be commercially available in A specification for a set of communication protocols to standardize the methods that can be used for Internet access.

It was done. Such technology mergers have evolved into, for example, home and office network settings themselves where wireless infrared and radio frequency communication systems have been developed to interface devices in "wireless" offices or homes. Another substantial effort is underway to communicate and share information with more remote wireless devices such as cell phones and personal digital assistants "PDAs".

A display screen may be included. These PDAs include the Windows CE operating system and provide limited browser capabilities and screen displays for content. Therefore, as shown in FIG. Is forming. The gateway essentially interprets between these two separate entries and allows consumers to use their cell phones or handheld computing devices eg PDAs to access the Internet without wires.

Making it possible. In general, it is not compatible. There remains a need for streaming media communication systems that are compatible with transmission. Mode, aspects, examples, and variations are provided. Communicate streaming media signals. A streaming media communication system adapted to communicate signals.

Artificial intelligence adapted to be trained in a learning process that is compatible with the streaming media compression system capability to uncompress and render a decompressed representation of the streaming media signal adapted to be played by the arrival device It is a neural network incorporating means.

At least one of the parameters of the CODEC operation on the streaming media signal against streaming media signal reference algorithm compression, the learned constraints of the transmission channel, and the learned constraints of the arrival device Used according to one. A system that compresses streaming media signals and uses the appropriate CODEC from the CODEC library to compress the input streaming media signal into a compressed representation for transmission to the arriving device.

And using the selected CODEC, compress the streaming media signal into a compressed representation of the streaming media signal for transmission to the arriving device. Is done. The arrival vehicle is adapted to communicate with a remotely located compressed streaming media transmission system and receives and plays the streaming media signal therefrom.

In a particularly useful aspect, the software intermediary is adapted to deliver information about the arriving device to the compressed streaming media transmission system and receives a specific encoded streaming media signal from the compressed streaming media transmission system. It is also suitable for decoding. A system for communicating signals.

The diagnostic vehicle is adapted to determine a value for at least one parameter of the arriving device associated with the ability to process, store or regenerate. The decompression medium is adapted to apply a CODEC decompressor that decompresses the compressed representation of the streaming media signal to the decompressed representation using CODEC based at least in part on the value of its at least one parameter.

In one variation, the software intermediary is embedded in the arrival device. In another variation, the software intermediary is adapted to cause the arrival device to be loaded at least in part by a remotely located source adapted to deliver a compressed representation of the streaming media signal to the arrival device.

It is incorporated into static media along with media that is stored locally and not transmitted later.

 

Send it data, it will graph it Basic playbook. It uses Extensible Markup Language XML -based data encoding for the configuration data as well as the protocol messages. All metrics are gathered from the inputs you enable and configure in the configuration file.

It comes with over input and around 30 outputs plugins, each one to read and write to specific sources including generic ones, like files or scripts , all you need to do is write a configuration file.

These are the top rated real world Golang examples of net. We want to make sure, that two syslog receiver The subscriptions need to be statically configured on the network device using any of the available interfaces CLI, APIs, etc.

Vector NTI The command is the following: netconf-console --host Telegraf is a plugin-driven server agent that can be used to collect and report metrics, events, and logs.

It uses output plugins which control where it sends the data, such as to a database. Consuming, Storing, and Showing Data.

Could DevOps be next? See full list on wifireference. Mohammad has 2 jobs listed on their profile. For the uninitiated, config stores are a place where you can put config chunks either singularly, or in aggregate over a series of netconf pushes, to generate a new config that you will apply in one hit. Finally, we intend to give Streaming Telemetry a spin as soon as time allows, as the Netconf plugin for Telegraf is almost out!

To help our team grow, we plan to use tools and methods to work together efficiently. The folks over at Juniper have already created some python scripts that populate In Telegraf is an open-source server agent used for collecting and reporting metrics and events. We can leave all that at default - it will work for our purposes. See full list on devconnected. You have the following options for configuring Telegraf: To connect Telegraf to a secured InfluxDB instance https URL that is using a self-signed certificate, you must enable insecure-skip-verify.

With the appropriate input plug-ins in place, Telegraf is able to subscribe to a switch or switches and collect telemetry data over gNMI or other protocols. For more information, see Built-in Workflow. MDT Tools and Resources. To address the issues associated with polling, some vendors have developed implementations of streaming telemetry, a technology that pushes data from 9.

Telegraf takes the locally forwarded messages and sends them to the InfluxDB time-series database. Pravin Kumar has 2 jobs listed on their profile. Victim of the huge t-mobile hack that ruined a lot of lives. Doc Feedback. There are some other reporting standards that some of the major device producers install as well. For reference, using the deprecated way of configuring KPIs, the configuration would look like: Telegraf input plugins are used with the InfluxData time series platform to collect metrics from the system, services, or third party APIs.

We'll then add our input plugin, which will instruct Telegraf to listen on port for gRPC telemetry. Format is the package name; is the number of people who installed this package; is the number of people who use this package regularly; is the number of people who installed, but don't use this package regularly; is the number of people who upgraded this package recently; Time series are a very common data format that describes how things change over time.

For this, you can use data collection engines such as Telegraf, Logstash, FluentD, etc. Most vendors expose the stats via SNMP. For example, exam topic 3. Then I do a second query to get the last 5 minutes util and the link capacity.

Telemetry app ios. Telegraf — is a part of InfluxData portfolio and is an agent responsible for polling different metrics SNMP for our goals. Usage instructions. Telegraf 1. OpenConfig does develop standard data models as well, and does have some specialized behavior with OpenConfig originating models, but the data models themselves are out of the scope of gNMI.

Banyak sebenarnya yang tidak tahu dimanakah negara terkaya di planet bumi ini, ada yang mengatakan Amerika, ada juga yang mengatakan negera-negara di Timur Tengah. It includes heavy use of the command-line interface CLI in configuring the initial setup of Junos devices. It defines mechanisms to install, manipulate and delete the configuration of network devices.

Dial-out is a configured model. Recently, I was labbing MDT and I had to pick the software to consume the data coming from some network systems. Wavefront Quickstart. They get easily lost in detail, and produce tortured documents that are technically correct, but of little business value. DialTCP extracted from open source projects. Pinebook Pro Linux laptop begins shipping to customers.

The App allows you to immediately check real-time readings from the connected datalogger, as well as view logged readings in a graph or database format. There is no particular order to the list, and each app serves its own purpose.

These include Netconf, which is available on Cisco devices — some other manufacturers install this as well. Agile transformation has gone from an IT norm to changing the way whole organizations work. I even tried to used the docker, but I did not want to turn back time and force Flash into browser again. In addition, they believe to encourage CODEC technology that is intended to track transient scalability and signal error resistance, protecting video and audio streams from the dangers of the wireless environment.

Patent No. The disclosure of this patent document is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety. Lengwehasatit US Pat. Compressed video data provides basic video and compressed digital audio and an additional layer of video to be multiplexed, such as the Internet or wireless network that includes a local or wide area wireless network Provides a data stream that can be packetized for distribution across an intranet.

The disclosed CODEC system is intended to continuously adjust the compression of a digital image on a frame-by-frame basis as the effective bandwidth on the data channel is compared to the effective bandwidth on the channel for the preceding frame. Provide an output data stream commensurate with the effective bandwidth of the network transmission channel and the receiver resource capabilities of the client user.

The compression can be further adjusted by adjusting the frame rate of the output data stream. This is incorporated herein by reference in their entirety for the disclosure of the references. Adolph et al US Pat. Among various conventional methods for compression, parameters that can be user defined, including a compromise between image size, frame size, color depth, contrast, brightness, sensed frame quality, buffer length, etc.

In general there is. Furthermore, there are many quality and weight calculations within the algorithm itself that are not user-definable. I have not selected. The first CODEC may be best for one type of signal or a first part of the signal eg, a frame or scene that includes a series of frames , but another second CODEC may May be best for another type of or another second part of the signal.

It may be better matched than the first one that matches for the same streaming media signal, not for another set of parameters. For example, some video streams deliver color to handheld devices, while other video streams can take advantage of pixel loss in black and white transmissions to mobile phones to increase frame rate.

The required sound quality, frame rate, clarity, and buffering tolerance all impact the compression algorithm of choice for optimized video and audio delivery across multiple platforms. These problems make it possible to distinguish one CODEC from the other so that it is most efficient for compression and decompression of certain streaming media signals and delivery of those signals along a particular communications device system.

Mixed exponentially by a large number of repetitions of various combinations of multiple factors. It must be. However, even if a conventional transcoder is used, constraints in the communication system eg, source, transmission channel, arrival device are not generally considered and the communication can be significantly incomplete. For further explanation purposes, FIGS.

Although these illustrations specifically illustrate streaming video communications, other media forms may be displayed by the system as well. In general, however, this must be done for a series of frames, or ideally for each individual frame. Some DCT-based algorithms have as many as 2 billion mathematical operations that occur for each frame with higher resolution and lower sensing quality. In general, this is a mathematical process that is too daunting to run times per second, even for an average machine or even a commercial server.

This is the reason for the advent of specialized compression infrastructures or ASICs. Or it has become a topic of remarkable research and development for pre-recorded applications. There must be. CELP-based CODEC has recently evolved as the dominant technology for high-quality speech compression and has been announced to transmit paid-quality compressed speech at data rates as low as about 6 kbps. However, at least one publication discloses that the sound quality of CELP coded speech is significantly reduced for bit rates at or below 4 kbps.

Vocoders have been disclosed to deliver better speech quality at low bit rates, such as about 4 kbps, and have been developed for such applications. Some early versions of Vocoders eg, Federal Standard LPC uses time domain decomposition and integration methods.

Most utilize harmonic spectral models for speech-based speech segments. Examples of such organizations include, without any limitation, these standards are often used as a reference type for CODEC. A specific type of coding scheme is used for each classification. Harmonic coding is used for steady-state speech, "noise-like" coding is used for static non-speech speech, special coding modes are used for transition speech, and local time events that characterize the transition portion of speech Designed to capture the location, structure, and strength of The compression scheme is intended to be applied to speech signals or LP residual signals.

The CODEC is selected by embodying a handshaking procedure between transceivers such that the speech encoding method is embodied in all transceivers and has been previously used in related telecommunications systems.

The Handshaking is used at the beginning of each connection. After the beginning of the phone call and the story, this method investigates whether both use the new speech encoding. Handshaking messages are selected to minimize their impact on speech quality and maximize the likelihood of identifying the message.

Certain filter parameters are harmonized to provide improved performance in tandem context. More specifically, the parameter used is the 10th LPC prediction coefficient. Chen et al US Pat. Typically, an expert system includes a knowledge base for each particular situation described in the program and can be enhanced by additions to the knowledge base or set of rules.

Is intended to mean a system of programs and data structures that approximate Typically, a neural network is initially trained or supplied with a large amount of data and data-related rules, after which a program can respond to the network according to external stimuli eg, input information. Can teach you how to behave. When making decisions, neural networks use a number of principles, including, without limitation, gradient-based training and fuzzy logic.

Neural networks are further described in terms of knowledge layers and generally comprise more complex networks with deeper layers. Neural networks can also learn temporal concepts and have been widely used for signal processing and time series analysis.

Other published applications of neural networks include oil exploration data analysis, weather forecasting, and interpretation of nucleotide sequences in biological laboratories. Fuzzy logic was first proposed by Dr. Lotfi Zadeh at the University of California, Berkeley in the s in connection with research on the problem of computer understanding of natural language that is not easily translated into absolute Boolean logic terms.

Fuzzy logic often includes cases of 0 and 1 as extreme cases of truth, but also includes a variety of intermediate truth states eg, with some threshold such as 0.

Certain decisions can help make decisions to assign 1 to an acceptable low occurrence of error in the operation. Is intended.

For example, the learning system is used to determine the difference between what is received by the receiver after compression and transmission and what is expected to be received at the transmission end. This extrapolation method uses past signal history stored in the buffer. Embodied by the disclosed apparatus. Once a speech connection has been established, the speech compression algorithm device begins transmitting coded speech frames.

As speech frames are received, they are decoded and converted back to the speech signal voltage. During normal coding, the required SCA parameters are pre-processed and the results are stored in the past history buffer. If a speech frame is detected lost or errored, an extrapolation module is executed and an alternate SCA parameter is generated and transmitted as the parameter required by the SCA.

In this way, the information transfer to the SCA is intended to be transparent and the SCA processing continues as usual. This disclosure claims that the speech frame was lost due to a smooth transition between what was received at the end of the speech frame, what was lost, and what was received next. Is usually not noticed. Still further examples are provided in published international patent applications, US Pat.

The disclosures of all those references in this paragraph are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.

Naillon et al US Pat. Mitchell US Pat. Betts et al US Pat. A variety of different format identification systems and existing areas of pre-coded content create extensively split capabilities to process the encoded content, and there are significant compatibility issues between content providers and client users It creates a remote area. If a client wants to watch or listen to streaming content from a particular source, and that content needs to pass the CODEC for compression, a compatible CODEC will decompress it to enjoy the signal.

Must be used on the client side. Unfortunately, source content is often combined with only a few and often only one specific CODEC scheme. More specifically, the request is first received from a device or player specific type for content that initially exists in an incompatible format. In accordance with the specific example shown in FIG. For example, FIG.

This system architecture that needs to support four encoders and four decoders requires significant computational resources. Requires a computer with a dual MHz processor e. This is for four simultaneous streams, and society currently requires thousands of simultaneous streams.

It is convinced that these different systems each require a different type of compression eg, CODEC , considering the effective transmission rate and bandwidth, and the communication and streaming media signals. Is optimized with receiver processing parameters. A summary of important cross sections of transmission carriers is provided. That is, data on multiple signal channels within a carrier is typically distributed by channels for different applications or between different users.

V Only the most common technologies are shown. Vii The effective distance of technology is not shown. Viii There are published standards for many of these technologies. Most of today's PCs are limited to internal designs that can fit below 10 Mbps the PCI bus itself carries data at higher speeds. The 52 Mbps cable channel is divided among individual users. Obviously, the faster the channels, the fewer channels are required by the ISP and the lower the cost of supporting each individual user.

Although descriptions of many different wireless communication modes are dealt with individually here, various summaries of these other communication modes are provided immediately below for purposes of further explanation as follows. Is intended to be. Traditional telephone services, in terms of volume signal amplitude and pitch frequency change , exchange voice information with other telephone users via analog signals representing acoustic analog signals converted to electrical equivalents.

It was created to make it happen. Since telephone company signaling is already built for this analog wave communication, it is easy to use it as a way to pass information back and forth between each telephone and telephone company.

Therefore, a dial-up modem is used to demodulate the analog signal and change its value to a string of 0 and 1 values called digital information. Since analog transmission uses only a small portion of the effective amount of information that can be transmitted over copper wire, the maximum amount of data that can be received using a typical modem is approximately 56 Kbps. Your computer's ability to receive information has been changed by the telephone company to filter the information that arrives as digital data, convert it to analog form for your telephone line, and return it digitally to your modem It is constrained by the fact that it requires it.

In other words, analog transmission between your home or company and the telephone company is a bandwidth bottleneck. Many different types of DSL services have been disclosed, but typically have variable data rates and intended uses. Although further discussion is provided here for these DSL type specifics, Table 2 below provides a summary of information for these DSL specifics for the purpose of further developing the overall understanding.

A more typical individual separate connection provides a downlink from Kbps to 1. A DSL line can carry both data and audio signals, and the data portion of the line is connected continuously.

DSL has been predicted in many publications to replace ISDN in many areas and compete with cable modems for home and business multimedia communications. DSL operates purely in the digital domain and does not require changes to analog form and vice versa. Digital data is transmitted directly to the arriving computer as digital data, which allows the telephone company to use a much wider bandwidth for forward transmission. On the other hand, if the client user chooses, the signal can be separated and some of its bandwidth can be used to transmit analog signals, and the phone and computer can be used on the same line and at the same time It will be.

However, it is possible to manage the split or split remotely from the central office. A third technology known as multiple leased lines MVL is another possibility. Generally, the maximum useful range for DSL without a repeater is 5. As the distance to the telephone company office decreases, the data rate increases.

Another factor is the copper wire gauge. A heavier gauge wire can carry the same data rate farther than a gauge wire. For arriving equipment beyond the 5. Only a small portion of the bandwidth is useful for upstream upstream or user interactive messages. However, most Internet, especially graphics-media or multi-media intensive web data, requires a lot of downstream bandwidth, but user requests and responses are small and require little upstream bandwidth. Using ADSL, data up to 6. High downstream downstream bandwidth means that the telephone line can carry operational video, audio, and 3-D images to the arriving computer or television player.

In addition, a small portion of the downstream bandwidth can be devoted to voice rather than data, and telephone conversations can be carried without the need for a separate line. In many cases, your existing telephone line will work with ADSL. Some areas may need to be upgraded. The hardware may be required to carry the CDSL to the home or store by a local telephone company.

Although not required, it is believed that the telephone company manages to divide it for users remotely and is lower cost. At least one publication is G. We anticipated Lite will be the most widely installed form of DSL. The main characteristic of HDSL is that it is symmetrical, and an equivalent amount of bandwidth is effective in both directions. For this reason, the maximum data rate is generally lower than for ADSL. Thus, the delivery rate can be adjusted.

Since the data rate is the same in both directions, it is said to be symmetric. A number of standards organizations are working on it. At least one publication cited 3Com as saying that this technology is "the latest modem you need. It is believed that it was first introduced by the Bell System. This T-system is totally digital with pulse code modulation and time division multiplexing. The audio signal is typically sampled approximately 8, times per second and each sample is digitized into an 8-bit word.

Thus, 24 channels digitized simultaneously transmit a bit frame representing an 8-bit word in each of the 24 channels approximately 8, times per second. Each frame is separated from the next by unit bits into a bit block. The data rate published by T-1 at 1. The T-1 digital stream includes 24, 64 Kbps channels that are multiplexed, and a standard 64 Kbps channel is based on the bandwidth required for voice conversation.

The four wires were originally a pair of twisted pair copper wires, but more recent systems offer coaxial cable, optical fiber, digital microwave, and other carrier technologies. Another level, the T-3 line, has been announced to provide Another commonly used service is "fractional T-1", which is some rental of 24 channels on the T-1 line, along with other unused channels.

Must be understood along with software capabilities. Each pixel has red, green, and blue RGB components. By specifying the amount of density or intensity for each of these components, an individual color is imparted to that pixel.

It is. To further illustrate the wide variety of system display capabilities, systems using Windows commercially available from Microsoft Corporation and Macintosh commercially available from Apple Corporation Operating systems based on, without having an equivalent palette, colors are common to both types of browsers in a typical color palette, but 40 colors are different, so the image signal is Communication to the other system type in the format specified by one requires dithering by a browser running on the other system.

With respect to computer terminal usage, the VDT includes a computer exit surface and a projection mechanism that presents text and graphic images to the computer user. Includes technology. A display is usually considered to include a screen or projection surface and a device that produces information on the screen. LCDs consume significantly less power than LEDs and gas-display VDT because they generally operate on the principle of blocking light rather than emitting light.

A passive matrix LCD has a grid of conductors with pixels located at each intersection in the grid. A current is sent across the two conductors in the grid to control the light for any pixel. The active matrix has a transistor located at each pixel intersection and requires less current to control the brightness of the pixel. For this reason, the current in an active matrix display can be switched on and off more frequently, improving screen refresh time and hence the effect on higher speed of streaming media action video.

It has improved. Some passive matrix LCDs do dual scanning, which scans the grid twice with current in the same time as one scan in earlier versions, but the active matrix is still a better technology within those two It is generally considered that Reflective color display technology, that is, a display structure that integrates color filters into a passive matrix, is an alternative to low power, low cost active matrix technology.

Since they reflect ambient light, reflective LCDs exhibit particularly high performance during outdoor daytime use. A variety of different display technologies and hence transmission formats have been developed specifically for television viewing.

Thus, several different standards have evolved for television transmission, the differences of which are the nature and extent of compression and hence the choice of a particular CODEC desired for communicating streaming media in a television environment.

Can have a significant impact. It has. This allows broadcasters to transmit digital signals using existing cables, satellites, and terrestrial systems.

MPEG-2 uses a lossy compression method, which compresses the digital signal sent to the television and loses some data, but this lost data is about how the human eye sees the video. May or may not be affected. The MPEG-2 compression standard is described in more detail elsewhere herein. Multicasting is an attractive feature because television stations can earn additional revenue from the additional advertising provided by those extra programs. With today's analog television systems, only one program can be transmitted at a time.

Some television stations have begun transmitting HDTV broadcasts to users on a limited number of channels. HDTV generally uses digital rather than analog signal transmission. This p represents progressive scanning sequential scanning , each scan contains each line for one complete image, and i represents interlaced scanning interlaced scanning , every other half of the image. Includes lines. One of the most prominent features of HDTV is its wide aspect ratio of 9 screen width vs.

Development based on belief based. In the SDTV format, DTV allows using a specified channel for multiple signals at the current quality level instead of a single signal at the HDTV level, which allows more programs with the same bandwidth usage Will do. Commercial and public broadcasters are now deciding how to embody their use of HDTV.

At the end of the DTV transition period, it is believed that analog transmission will be substantially replaced and the current analog channel will be used only for DTV. The surplus channels used for digital broadcasting can be used for other services such as more television channels or data broadcasting, for example at auction. Simulcast is for the transmission of simultaneous television and Internet services, the transmission of analog and digital radio broadcasts, and the transmission of television programs in various screen formats such as conventional and wide screen formats.

Also used. Simulcast broadcasting is used all over the world. For television stations that transmit DTV programs, DTV facilities must be built, but certain stations must earn money to build these facilities. Simulcast allows television stations to continue to generate revenue from traditional analog programs and to generate surplus revenue from surplus digital programs. Another obstacle in the transition to DTV is the lack of interest among consumers.

The need for special equipment prevents viewers from seeing the difference between digital and analog programs, which also slows public interest in DTV. In any case, according to known or foreseeable systems, consumers must, at a minimum, purchase a converter to watch DTV transmissions on their old television receivers.

In addition, consumers who use terrestrial services or antennas to receive television signals require an antenna equipped for digital signals. Consumers located on mountainous terrain in ATSC compliant countries may not be able to receive terrestrial digital signals due to multipath effects.

This is common even with today's analog television systems. In DVB compliant countries, the ground does not affect the reception of digital signals. DTV set-top boxes are often referred to as receivers. It is estimated that 35 million homes will use digital set-top boxes by the end of , which is the end year of the transition to DTV.

The contents of the set-top box depend on the DTV standard being used. Higher performance set-top boxes include storage of recorded television broadcasts, storage of downloaded software, and hard disks for other applications provided by DTV service providers. Digital set-top boxes can be used for satellite and terrestrial DTV, but are most often used for cable television. The service to which the set-top box is attached can be performed through a telephone rotation such as WebTV, or through a cable TV company such as TCI.

For cable users, all digital set-top boxes are equipped with a Dolby Digital 2-channel decoder. To use 5. However, like most new technologies, HDTV is expensive. Nonetheless, the cheaper digital TV offers a significantly improved viewing experience over previous TVs, and for those who choose to keep the old receiver, the addition of a set-top converter Will deliver improved video and sound that can be distinguished.

Started the "Video Broadcasting" project. DVB is intended to provide an open system that opposes a closed system. Closed systems are specific to content providers, are not extensible, and are optimized only for the systems on which they are evolved.

Open systems such as DVB allow subscribers to select different content providers and allow integration of multiple PCs and televisions. The DVB system is intended to be optimized for television, but also supports home shopping, banking, private network broadcasting or leased line broadcasting , and interactive viewing. Intended for DVB is to open up the possibility of providing very clear television programs to bus, car and train television, or even to portable television.

DVBs are beneficial and promoted to content providers because they can provide their own services wherever DVB is supported regardless of geographic location. They can also easily and inexpensively expand their own services, ensuring limited access to subscribers and reducing revenue loss from unauthorized viewing. Two layers on each of its two sides hold up to 17 gigabytes of video, audio, or other information compared to current CD-ROMs of approximately the same physical size that hold about megabytes.

DVD has three general optimizations that are variously optimized for i video eg, continuous movies , ii audio eg, long performing music , and iii mixing eg, interactive multimedia presentations. Can be recorded in any format. The MPEG-2 and -1 standards are defined in more detail elsewhere here. Audio quality on DVD can be comparable to current audio compact discs.

This is because both are intended to be reproduced. VHS uses a technology similar to that of audio cassettes to store signals on magnetic tape as an analog format. While VHS tapes typically store up to about 2 hours of video, some VCRs can record them at a slower rate, up to 6 hours or even up to 8 hours per tape. This is comparable to a DVD that outputs more than horizontal resolutions.

However, VHS continues to be a popular means of viewing video, and VHS tapes are still easily found throughout the country and around the world, from movie rental stores to grocery stores. Is generally defined as a small portable round medium.

Both formats improve the complexity of the sound by increasing the bit rate and sample rate, and can be played on existing CD players, but generally have a quality level just like that of conventional CDs.

Instead of this, the analog waveform is converted into a 1-bit signal for direct recording. DSD uses lossless compression and a sampling rate of about 2.

The SACD may also contain additional information such as text, graphics, and video clips. These protocols are briefly summarized directly below for the purpose of providing a more detailed understanding, particularly with respect to streaming media communications. Each of these packets is individually numbered and contains the destination Internet address.

Individual packets for a given file may travel different routes through the Internet. If it all arrives, they are reassembled into the original file, eg by TCP at the receiving end. The packet switching method is an efficient method for handling transmission on a connectionless network such as the Internet.

Alternative schemes, such as circuit switching schemes, are used for networks that are allocated for substantially voice connections. In circuit switching, lines in the network are shared among multiple users by packet switching, and each connection generally requires the occupancy of a specific path during that connection. This is especially true when comparing systems in a wide range of applications in the United States when compared to the rest of the world except the United States.

Therefore, considerable effort has been extended in overcoming competing issues between multiple format specific systems and related wireless devices operating on different platforms. For purposes of further understanding wireless communications as later associated with the present invention, the following is a brief summary of significant technologies, systems, and protocols used in the wireless communications industry.

Early systems are known as 1G phones and systems and are pure analog. However, with rapid growth, the available bandwidth for mobile phones has been drastically reduced, giving way to 2G digital signal processing, which can be used for complex signal processing for advanced telecommunications. Significantly increased bandwidth and capacity. However, with the increased demand for wireless Internet access, technology development has moved from 2G phones which are generally not enabled on the Internet to 2.

As further deployed immediately below, systems, protocols, and enabling technologies have thus evolved towards a focused focus in bringing 2. These are briefly described here as follows. As the term implies, CDMA allows multiple signals to occupy a single transmission channel and optimizes the use of available bandwidth.

The audio input is first digitized into binary elements. The frequency of the transmitted signal is made to fluctuate according to a defined pattern code so that its frequency response can only be disturbed by a receiver programmed with the same code and is precisely tuned to the transmitter frequency To do.

There are trillions of potential frequency sequencing codes that increase privacy and make cloning or copying difficult. The CDMA channel is nominally 1. The combination of digital mode and spread spectrum mode supports several times as multiple signals per unit bandwidth as in analog mode.

CDMA is compatible with other cellular technologies, which enables nationwide roaming. One version of cdmaOne, ISA, is a protocol that uses a 1. To do. Another version ISB can support speeds up to Kbps by bundling up to 8 channels. Companies that developed versions of this standard include Ericsson Corporation and Qualcomm Corporation.

GSM digitizes, compresses, and transmits data in one channel along with the other two streams of user data, each in its own time slot. It operates in either MHz or MHz frequency bands. At the time of this disclosure, GSM was generally considered the wireless telephone standard in Europe and was announced to be available in countries with over million users worldwide.

PCS is a telecommunications service that throws voice communications, numeric and text messages, and voice mail into a single device, service contact, and bill. PCS is most often transmitted over a digital cellular link.

The service is planned to have more than base stations for various small mobile phones produced by manufacturers such as Ericsson Corporation, Motora Corporation, and Nokia Corporation.

Part of the evolution of telecommunications. The OSI architecture is split into seven layers, from lowest to highest: 1 physical layer, 2 data link layer, 3 network layer, 4 transport layer, 5 session layer, 6 A display layer, and 7 an adaptive layer. Each layer uses its own immediate layer to provide services to the upper layer. In some implementations, a layer may itself be composed of multiple sublayers. Higher data rates allow users to participate in video conferences and use mobile handheld devices with notebook computers to interact converse with multimedia web sites.

Using SMS, a short alphanumeric message alphanumeric characters can be sent to the mobile phone and displayed there, much like an alphanumeric call system. Messages are buffered in the GSM network until the phone is active. It is also intended to make mobile applications available to mobile users, which means that faster data rates are needed for middleware that currently needs to adapt applications to the slower speeds of wireless systems. This is because haze means that nothing is needed.

Supports 25 protocols. Further contemplated by UMTS is to provide a consistent set of services to mobile computer and telephone users regardless of where they are located in the world. This service is based on the GSM communication standard and is approved by leading standards bodies and manufacturers and is a planned standard for mobile users around the world by Once UMTS has been fully implemented, computer and telephone users can continually connect to the Internet as they move.

EDGE is expected to be commercially available in A specification for a set of communication protocols to standardize the methods that can be used for Internet access. It was done. Such technology mergers have evolved into, for example, home and office network settings themselves where wireless infrared and radio frequency communication systems have been developed to interface devices in "wireless" offices or homes. Another substantial effort is underway to communicate and share information with more remote wireless devices such as cell phones and personal digital assistants "PDAs".

A display screen may be included. These PDAs include the Windows CE operating system and provide limited browser capabilities and screen displays for content. Therefore, as shown in FIG. Is forming. The gateway essentially interprets between these two separate entries and allows consumers to use their cell phones or handheld computing devices eg PDAs to access the Internet without wires.

Making it possible. In general, it is not compatible. There remains a need for streaming media communication systems that are compatible with transmission. Mode, aspects, examples, and variations are provided. Communicate streaming media signals. A streaming media communication system adapted to communicate signals.

Artificial intelligence adapted to be trained in a learning process that is compatible with the streaming media compression system capability to uncompress and render a decompressed representation of the streaming media signal adapted to be played by the arrival device It is a neural network incorporating means.

At least one of the parameters of the CODEC operation on the streaming media signal against streaming media signal reference algorithm compression, the learned constraints of the transmission channel, and the learned constraints of the arrival device Used according to one.

A system that compresses streaming media signals and uses the appropriate CODEC from the CODEC library to compress the input streaming media signal into a compressed representation for transmission to the arriving device. And using the selected CODEC, compress the streaming media signal into a compressed representation of the streaming media signal for transmission to the arriving device.

Is done. The arrival vehicle is adapted to communicate with a remotely located compressed streaming media transmission system and receives and plays the streaming media signal therefrom. In a particularly useful aspect, the software intermediary is adapted to deliver information about the arriving device to the compressed streaming media transmission system and receives a specific encoded streaming media signal from the compressed streaming media transmission system.

It is also suitable for decoding. A system for communicating signals. The diagnostic vehicle is adapted to determine a value for at least one parameter of the arriving device associated with the ability to process, store or regenerate.

The decompression medium is adapted to apply a CODEC decompressor that decompresses the compressed representation of the streaming media signal to the decompressed representation using CODEC based at least in part on the value of its at least one parameter. In one variation, the software intermediary is embedded in the arrival device.

In another variation, the software intermediary is adapted to cause the arrival device to be loaded at least in part by a remotely located source adapted to deliver a compressed representation of the streaming media signal to the arrival device. It is incorporated into static media along with media that is stored locally and not transmitted later. In general, the combination of these individual subsystems is in addition to customizing the compression, delivery, and decompression of randomly selected streaming media signals based on a larger array of system parameters as variables.

These variables include, for example, without limitation, parameters related to the source video signal, the source transmission device, the transmission format, and the arrival device.

Thus, the compression, distribution, and decompression of the media signal is customized to be efficient in a state that is optimal for a given and changing usage environment. As a result, a wide range of complex streaming media signals can be communicated at a level of efficiency and with significantly improved device compatibility over other known systems. Various iterations of the various subsystems themselves and combinations of these subsystems, which will be apparent to those skilled in the art based at least in part on this disclosure, are also intended to be within the scope of the present invention.

In addition, various aspects of the overall communication system are also intended to be useful with each subsystem described, particularly for other applications other than for streaming media communication. Therefore, as will be apparent to those skilled in the art, such additional uses are further intended to be within the scope of the present invention, despite the particularly useful mode applied to improved streaming media communications. Enable to flow from one device across trademark.

The transcoder according to this embodiment provides substantially greater functionality at a fraction of the price of other commercially available transcoder systems. To transcode. The system and method may also enable efficient and simultaneous processing of multiple streams of different data from a number of different compressed or uncompressed formats to a number of different compressed formats.

As shown, the first player first connects to the server that houses the transcoder Again, this illustration is exemplary, and other specific CODECs are adequately substituted with other bit rates. In a typical process with a large number of threads, zero or more threads can actually run at any one time. This depends on the number of CPUs of the computer on which the process is running and on how the thread system is implemented.

While a machine or system with n CPUs can be adapted to run less than n threads in parallel, threading operations according to this thread invention can be achieved by sharing CPUs among multiple threads. It can give the appearance of running fewer threads. Buffering is created as a function of client traction for different video streams.

Furthermore, the transcoder of the present invention utilizes a network architecture, i. The use of a thread transcoder as shown and described herein is considered very beneficial because the context switch between two threads in a single process is the context switch between the two processes.

In addition, the fact that all data except the stack and registers are shared among multiple threads is a natural institution that performs multiple tasks that can be broken down into multiple subtasks that can be run in concert. Make a thread. However, for further illustrative purposes, the following example is a more detailed system using the transcoder described above.

Transcoder is provided and adapted to support multiple simultaneous customer streams, each in a different format. In particular, such a system may support over simultaneous streams, and in some situations may support over simultaneous customer streams, each in a different video format. Furthermore, the transcoder is uniquely suitable or necessary for any of a wide range of video sources for a number of different individual clients, each having different needs.

It can be embodied to convert to the format. Furthermore, the transcoder can be implemented to adapt to the output stream format variables and dynamically adapt to the channel and platform conditions of each client. Further, systems incorporating transcoders are adapted to support load balancing services and routers for multi-transcoder installations. Thus, the transcoder of the present invention delivers significantly greater functionality due to significantly lower costs than other prior transcoding techniques and systems.

Such a system can be provided in a rack-mounted cell or can be provided to meet specific needs. This method is seen to be more efficient than using conventional IPC methods to implement a transcoder.

A shared library of CODEC algorithms was created and used to access various CODEC algorithms, thereby lowering the processing overhead, such as those used in the majority of commercial encoders.

Invites with lower memory utilization than required by. Of particular benefit is that a common thread can be used for multiple connections, and in fact even a single thread can be used for each individual connection using the transcoder of the present invention.

This system and method are schematically illustrated in block flow diagrams in FIGS. Below, other descriptions of the various beneficial features and operations of this system are provided by examples that generally incorporate the descriptions shown in FIGS.

As shown in FIG. The system includes a neural network processing module , a timer , a CODEC library module , a dynamic client request module , an ICMP module , a device and network parameter measurement module , and a delivery and transmission module In addition.

System utilizes a neural network with artificial intelligence to monitor incoming data and determine a plurality of key characters for each data segment. The system includes a pre-developed self-referenced, empirically learned library of pattern rules in a series of frames of an input signal eg, a video signal , and externally imposed constraints.

The system then assembles a long array of usage controls, parameters, and variables to optimize the selected algorithm. Algorithm selection and parameter and variable setup vary dynamically with each segment of input data, depending on the characteristics of the data, as well as the evolutionary optimization process itself.

There are many possible sets of algorithms, limited only by effectiveness and other commercial considerations. Each segment of data is encoded and compressed as described above before being provided to the communication channel. Analyze every time. Build or configure compression parameters. A library of related reference information has also been added, including a network transport standard NTS library and a quality of service QoS library The video media source is then captured via the image processor in either digital or non-digital format using an AD converter.

At the same time, the resulting source media is also supplied to the classifier This is to create a segment. The The compressed scene is then decompressed and compared to the baseline snapshot using quality measurements from the quality standard process In one embodiment of the present invention, the quality standard process utilizes a peak signal to noise ratio PSNR algorithm to compare the decompressed scene source media to the baseline snapshot.

Within the constraints of the input received from , the neural network process is repeated until it satisfies the quality of the resulting compressed scene. Finally, the resulting compressed scene is sent to a network layer output that transports the compressed scene to the client using an appropriate network transport protocol and QoS algorithm.

Repeat until canceled. Used by selection. This selection is based on qualitative and quantitative inputs received from network layer input , ICMP mediator , and device and network parameter measurement mediator In one embodiment of the invention, an ICMP protocol is used for this purpose. In one embodiment of the invention, these client environment characteristics include central processing unit CPU capacity, network interface characteristics, storage capacity, and media interpreter functionality.

Network layer output provides downstream derived from the processor network transport service. Timer process provides the user of the present invention with a way to limit the maximum amount of time that neural network process will spend processing a given source media. The neural network processing module shown in FIG. In one embodiment of the present invention, the neural network processing module generates a CODEC display signal suitable for use as a reference baseline for an input signal to the neural network processing module In one embodiment, classifier determines which scene in the segment of the input video signal represents the best scene in terms of the effective parameters of the underlying CODEC.

The neural network processing module uses a list of standards standard list to determine which scene in the signal represents the best scene. In one embodiment, neural network process samples a number of pixels in a particular frame of video to determine changes in the number of pixels in that particular frame relative to predetermined parameters in the video signal.

For example, in the scheme illustrated in FIG. For a neural network, it is useful to look at the center of its sample window to generate sufficient information about the video signal. In one embodiment of the invention, the neural network process uses a minimum of 8 frames to generate essential information about the video signal.

Information from the sample window is passed from the parameter module to the input layer with specific CODEC parameters. In processing the best video display from the input signal, each of the corresponding neural networks for each CODEC generates the best display sample from the hidden layers and provides that signal to the output module The burn-up neural network is smaller and faster than the neural network that handles the CODEC process.

The genetic algorithm follows the same statistical selection approach as the Hajiki game.