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The oils in teak have a strong resistance to glues. Reports of Election Irregularities Reports of problems and irregularities came in throughout election day, where police and military were heavily present in Kurdish dominated areas. The interlocking disciplines of architecture, urban design, and physical planning are being challenged in their ways of thinking and shaping city space by new patterns of physical urbanization and growing environmental concerns. Anthony H.

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اجابة امتحان الازهر دور اول 2018 كيمياء. It is too early to determine their exact class background, but many of them are from refugee camps in the Palestinian cities.

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The Knowledge Bank also includes a special portal for young people supported by a simple navigation system and a distinct design for children.

The portal contains many educational stories and games supported by audio-visual aids. Establishment and implementation process Partnership agreements include hundreds of workshops, seminars and training courses presented by the best global expertise houses to enhance the benefit from the use of various resources and the advancement of the educational process and scientific research outputs The portal includes an integrated system to support the documentation of the knowledge and scientific content of all universities and research centers, which supports Egypt's scientific and research memory, as follows: 1 A system for managing scientific journals, indexing and archiving electronically 2 A conference management system that includes managing scientific competitions, managing conference workshops, managing participant registration, exhibiting management, and publishing management.

Reviews Review policy and info. View details. But so far, reports of large-scale vote rigging are limited. In terms of fairness, the biggest problems probably relate to the campaign, rather than the election itself. In its preliminary findings from the election , the OSCE lists a number of problems related to violence, arrests, and media freedom. The co-leaders of the HDP have said that the election campaign was not fair , as they were unable to lead a campaign due to the ongoing violence.

The big question is what is next in Turkish politics. A BBC analysis suggests that the AKP might use its comfortable majority to steer the country towards a more stable path and try to revive the peace process with the Kurds.

This would, however, require the party to break with its populist rhetoric, which has stirred up nationalist sentiment in broad parts of the Turkish population.

The pro-government Daily Sabah quoted him as saying that the election sent a message to the PKK that "violence, threats, and bloodshed cannot coexist with democracy and the rule of law. This election is another confirmation that Turkey, with its controversial president at its head, remains a deeply polarized nation, divided in two equally big camps. The difference from previous pro-Kurdish parties is that the HDP manages to unite with left-wing progressive forces, feminists, LGBT activists, and others on the left.

If the HDP can continue to build a movement uniting the different peoples of Turkey and translating this into successful parliamentary politics, then there might be a hope for a better Turkey. London: Ashgate, Robert Saliba RS : The idea for this book was initiated in the wake of City Debates , an international conference on contemporary urban issues that I organized in May at the American University of Beirut.

As such, it seeks to share with the wider academic community the broadening discussion that is developing among theoreticians and practitioners of urban design throughout the region. RS: An extensive body of literature has been produced over the last three decades on urbanism in the Middle East, but without a specific focus on urban design as an emerging autonomous field.

This book provides a critical overview of the state of contemporary urban design in the Arab world, a discipline that has witnessed a remarkable development due to the accelerated pace imposed by postwar reconstruction, environmental degradation, and the competition among cities for world visibility and tourism. It conceptualizes the field under four major perspectives—urban design as discourse, as discipline, as research, and as practice—addressing the following questions: How can such a diversity of practice be positioned with regard to current international trends in urban design?

What constitutes the specificity of the Middle Eastern experience in light of the regional political and cultural settings? On the global level, it invites speculation on how new conceptualizations of center-periphery originating from post-colonial discourse are impacting contemporary urban design. On the regional level, it is a speculation on the specificity of urban design thinking and practice within a particular geographical and cultural context here, the Arab World.

Finally, on the local level it is an attestation to a major shift in urban design focus, from city centers to their margins, with unchecked suburban growth, informal development, and disregard for leftover spaces.

First, what importance has been specifically given to urban design in the discourse on development, redevelopment, and reconstruction? The literature on urbanism in general, and on urban design in particular, has revolved mainly around three axes: the geographical, the historical, and the thematic, with many works articulated around comparative city profiles Elsheshtawy and ; Bianca Historical studies have focused on postcolonial practices, and the domestication of Western design models during colonial, independence, and contemporary periods Nasr and Volait Most of the thematic studies have concentrated either on postwar reconstruction or on urban conservation Al-Harithy , Saliba Although built-environment professionals coming from backgrounds in architecture, landscape, and physical planning mostly wrote these studies, I argue that urban design itself has rarely been positioned as a key starting point for investigation.

Furthermore, most of the research in this category follows an empirical approach, favoring case studies, and a comparative perspective in order to deduce applicable lessons. This may be traced to the fact that urban design invites short- to medium- term physical intervention, and rarely allows time and space for reflective thinking.

This book builds on this large body of work in order to articulate the contours of an autonomous field of practice—urban design—that has its own specificity, and which is clearly demarcated from the subsidiary fields of planning and architecture.

J: Who do you hope will read this book, and what sort of impact would you like it to have? RS: The book is primarily aimed at academics and practitioners in the environmental design fields, and all ancillary and related fields, including architecture, planning, landscape, and urban design, among others. Beyond academia, the comprehensive review of current practices that the book provides has a high relevance for corporate developers, public sector agencies, international planning firms, and local municipalities throughout the region.

Because of its relevance to contemporary issues, the book is also certainly important material for teaching urban design methodology to planning and design students, as a necessary part of both undergraduate and graduate curricula.

This extends beyond regional universities: programs in architecture and urbanism across Europe, the United States, and other regions have made it a point during the last two decades to conduct design workshops on the Middle East for their students. This thus appears to be a timely volume: the politics of post-war Baghdad, the Arab Spring, and the Syrian Uprising have focused international attention on the region.

Not only is the content of this book directly linked to the above political issues, but also it comes at a time when academics and professionals are closely watching cities of the Arab world to identify key economic and cultural trends with respect to globalization, future cities, marketing, tourism, real estate, and emerging financial markets. The title of this book incorporates two problematic yet promising concepts: Urban Design and the Arab World.

Despite these qualifications, urban design is a lively and strong emerging discipline profoundly anchored in professional practice, real world projects, and future visions. Moreover, the Arab World despite its geographical ambiguity, is an emblematic term profoundly engrained in common parlance, academic discourse, and media diffusion, that generally brings images of a region rampant with constructed and ambiguous national identities, overwhelming wealth and poverty, religious mix, and most recently the Arab uprisings, a bottom-up revolution shaking the foundations of pre-established long standing hierarchies.

Accordingly, the Arab World is a prime territory for questioning urban design as a discipline in flux, due to its abundance of sites of globalization , sites of worship , sites of conflict, and sites of contestation. Such diversity invites a multiplicity of opportunities for shaping, upgrading, and rebuilding urban form and civic space while subjecting global paradigms to regional and local realities.

For the past two decades, the image of the Middle Eastern city has wavered in the public and professional imagination between two extremes: the global hub and the postwar city, the first exemplified by Dubai and the second by Beirut. Between the two, a vast array of intermediate landscapes exists, ranging from suburban informal settlements to metropolitan new towns and expanding holy cities.

Over the past two decades, diverse attempts to classify these landscapes were made in built—environment literature. In , Elsheshtawy differentiates between traditional , fringe , and oil rich cities, with all three categories merging historical, geographical and economic designations.

Four years later he simplifies his classifications to struggling and emerging cities, referring to the great divide that exists between the burgeoning Gulf cities and traditional centers like Cairo or Damascus, with the influx of money and development models from the former to the latter termed as gulfication or dubaization. As explained above, the focus of this book will be on urban design as a distinctive discipline; it will be articulated around four tracks related to urban design thinking: the discursive , the hybrid , the operational , the visionary.

Each track will be problematized in view of its global relevance and regional specificity and I will focus on how such constructs intersect with sites and practices and bring forward urban design issues of ideology and context. The book ends with a prospective section advancing future agendas for urban design in the region. Re—Conceptualizing the Boundaries between the Diverse and the Conflictive.

Here, urban design is conceived of as a catalyst for change, as a channel for importing and domesticating models, for creating regional paradigms, and for interrogating mutual perceptions between international and local practitioners. Is such a diversity of positions promoting replication, collage, hybridization or innovation? Is there an emerging geography of design exchange with its regional centers and peripheries, its own instruments of regionalization, and an autonomous discourse?

This first section of the book investigates four types of discourse that have strongly emerged since the s: the cultural , the participative , the corporate, and the greening or ecological. Each brings its own logic to urban design, both as ideology and as praxis. The interlocking disciplines of architecture, urban design, and physical planning are being challenged in their ways of thinking and shaping city space by new patterns of physical urbanization and growing environmental concerns.

Emerging disciplines such as ecological landscape design covered in chapter six by Jala Makhzoumi as underlying the greening discourse and landscape urbanism covered in chapter seven by Lee Frederix as a tool to investigate socio—cultural networks in marginal spaces are providing alternative means for conceptualization that stress ecology over morphology; network surface over urban form; and the confluence of architecture, landscape, city, and infrastructure.

These dynamic and integrated visions are emphasizing the holistic and the interdisciplinary , while widening the scope of design investigation. Concurrently, attempts at grounding urban design theory in the social sciences are leading to a new understanding of urban space, locating it at the intersection of social theory, human geography, and cultural studies.

As a profession-oriented discipline, urban design defines itself through operational research and reflective practice. With the waning of Modernism, design research has retracted from the universal to focus on the regional and the local, and has expanded its scope from the morphological to the ecological, communal, and speculative. Practice itself has acquired an evaluative edge with the increasing accountability of the designer to the community and to the market, as well as the mounting public expectations with regard to sustainability and participation.

How is recent design—based research reflective of paradigmatic shifts in urban design thinking? And is there an active engagement between urban design research and professional practice?

The urban design project has always been a mediator between idealized pasts and idealizing futures and a channel for importing and domesticating modernity. However, the physical, social, and cultural geography of the Arab world is too diverse to be encapsulated in two extreme representations. The vast extent of intermediate landscapes encompasses a huge diversity of sites of globalization figure 1.

What are the underlying dialectics that connect and differentiate these diversified landscapes? Are the margins still a colonial testing ground for the ideals of the center, or just a market for overused and discarded ideas and concepts?

How are the dreams of globalization being subjected to a new emerging political consciousness and to the immediacy of the here and now? For more information, or to purchase the book, click here. Online orders can benefit from a discount using this number: 50CPB15N ]. Historians of the Middle East have long ignored the middle class in general and the activities of Arab capitalists in particular. Seikaly about this new work and explore how her analysis of class formation in Palestine in the s and s helps diagnose the current moment of interrupted Arab revolutions.

Instead, Palestinian capitalists made politics in the realms left available to them: personal profit and, in the case of Fuad Saba, funding the armed struggle against the mandate. Nor does she opt to simply condemn the exclusionary element of the liberal middle class project. Rather, she argues that we must study Palestinian men of capital on their own terms in order to push beyond the limits of current extant scholarship. Class formation for bourgeois Palestinian women was an exercise in nation building and feminist praxis as much as it was a means of excluding poor women on the basis of their failed domesticity.

In our conversation, Seikaly suggested that we must consider the possibility that the Arab right has an intellectual project, despite the natural allure of studying the history of the left. We need to understand…the intellectual genealogies that empower and enliven capitalists. Men of Capital is a highly original work that adds to a growing body of literature on the intersections of class, gender, and nation in the modern Middle East.

It anticipates future directions for Middle East social history and will prove indispensable to anyone interested in twentieth-century Palestine. It will also be of interest for historians of capitalism more broadly, whereas in so many areas of the global historiography, the Middle East—despite its centrality in politics of the day—is often an afterthought.

Seikaly's Men of Capital: Scarcity and Economy in Mandate Palestine Stanford University Press, explores how Palestinian capitalists and British colonial officials used economy to shape territory, nationalism, the home, and the body. He is currently finishing a dissertation entitled "Fallow Fields: Famine and the Making of Lebanon ," which probes the intersections of ecology, capital, and colonialism. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya.

You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria jadaliyya. In Damascus, Syrians express a surprising level of optimism Despite the rising prices and power cuts in Syria, interviews with residents suggest a widespread sense of optimism, even as the war drags through its fifth year. The following is the full text of the interview. Assad's ministers face backlash from regime supporters Regime supporters take to social media to criticize the government officials for mishandling ministry responsibilities.

The death of two Syrian journalists Two Syrian journalists were found killed in their homes in Urfa. Their work consisted of trying to provide a counter-narrative to the self-admiring media campaign of the Islamic State.

Rebels, Nusra Front advance near Aleppo, 50 regime soldiers killed Opposition forces take a number of towns and villages in the northern province as fighting between rebels and regime soldiers continues. Family confirms first Russian military fatality in Syria, disputes 'suicide' The body of the first Russian serviceman confirmed dead in four weeks of airstrikes in Syria was delivered on Tuesday 27 October to his parents, who said they were not convinced by the military's account that their year-old son had hanged himself.

Known around town as "the little architect," Muhammad has spent months creating the new Aleppo, the Aleppo he hopes to help build once all the fighting is over. Syria opposition, rebel dismiss Iran idea for transition Reuters reported on Thursday, 29 October that Damascus ally Iran would accept a six-month transition period at the end of which Assad's fate would be decided in elections, according to a Middle East source familiar with Iran's position.

Group had just won major award from Committee to Protect Journalists. New U. But 10 days of interviews and front-line visits across northern Syria with many of the forces in the alliance made clear that so far it exists in name only, and that the political and logistical challenges it faces are daunting.

Islamic State group advances in central Syria, capturing town near highway to Damascus ISIS militant group is advancing in central Syria, seizing control of a town that lies near a highway leading to the capital, Damascus, and attacking another, activists and the group said Nov. The armed groups say they are doing that to deter indiscriminate government attacks on the area. Will U. Has Russian intervention made situation more clear? The Expert View: U. Walt argues that ISIS "group is just the latest in a long line of state-building revolutionaries, strikingly similar in many ways to the regimes that emerged during the French, Russian, Chinese, Cuban, Cambodian, and Iranian revolutions.

These movements were as hostile to prevailing international norms as ISIS is, and they also used ruthless violence to eliminate or intimidate rivals and demonstrate their power to a wider world. Two police officers also died in the clash in southeastern Turkey, police said.

The event was meant to highlight the nearly health workers who have died since the Syrian civil war broke out more than four years ago. Territories controlled by the Syrian regime, Syrian rebels, and Kurdish fighters all show signs of widespread looting.

Ford writes: "As Secretary of State John Kerry seeks to launch a new peace effort on Syria, he needs to be careful about the goals he sets and the language he uses. Getting the fundamentals wrong at the outset might scuttle the process or could ensure that whatever deal results will crumble under pressure. But that could change if extremists carry out their threats to target Russia. Anthony H.

Cordesman aims to discuss questions like what the future shape of Syria will be, and how it can recover from the present conflict, and more towards any stable process of development.

Law enforcement sources and archaeologists tell CBS News that what isn't being destroyed is being sold on a black market that reaches Europe and even the U. What is life like for those left behind? This article investigates why olive picking season in the north countryside of Aleppo began early this year. Hazem Al-Ammeen writes about the "violated image" of Bashar al-Assad in Moscow and Aleppo and the possibilities of his political future. Bashar al-Assad met officially with Yusuf bin Alawi bin Abdullah, the Omani the Minister of Foreign Affairs, to discuss regional and international politics.

This article investigates the reasons behind why, recently, Al-Nusra Front seized more than 12 houses in the city of Kafr Nabl, Idlib. In a diplomatic speech responding to international criticism of Saudi Arabia approach to the Syrian refugee crisis, the country claims to host 2. This article highlights some aspects of the suffering of some Syrian refugee families in Europe who face the risk of forced foster adoption that take their children from them.

The Death of Two Syrian Journalists. Ibrahim Hamidi discusses some of the background arrangements in relation to recent Syria peace talks in Vienna. On the other hand, it was determined by a profound ignorance of the Muslim world, seen through the narrow scope of conquering Orientalism, and imbued by the idea of a European superiority.

You should check the amount of petrol in your car , otherwise it may stop suddenly in the middle of a crowded street causing you a lot of trouble. Adjust the mirror to be sure that no one is parking behind you. The tyres should be checked before moving. If you neglect that , you will have to face the trouble of changing the flat tyre yourself. It might rain suddenly and spoil your trip.

You have to check the brakes also or you will bang against the frist tree in front of you. After all these precautions , do you still want to drive a car? A your car b your wipers c your engine d your tyres.

Instructions - decrease - chemicals - increased - accurate - findings. Increased 2. Instructions 3. Findings 4. Accurate 5. English for Industrial schools — 3 rd Secondary. Suspended — ductile — television — important — staff — memo. One mark each. Glass has been discovered a long time ago.

Glass is a hard, brittle and transparent material which can be broken easily. Glass is used for making windows, mirrors, bottles and many other useful things. When glass is heated, it melts and changes into liquid. Glass is a use ful material. To get this job, you must be good skilful at using computer.

TOS - Privacy Poilcy. You 're breaking the safety rules. Worker I'm sorry, sir. Kamal No, Gaafar. You must put them on before entering the building site. Worker Ok, I'm sorry. Kamal And don't open those bottles without putting on your gloves first. Worker No, sir. Kamal You must 2 ………………………………………………………….. Worker Yes, sir. Kamal And remember to wash your hands after using the chemicals. Worker Ok, 3 ………………………………………………………………….. Vocabulary and structure : 2 Choose the correct words to complete the sentences : 1.

If you go windsurfing. You must put ……………your lifejacket. Windows in aeroplanes are made of a…………………plastic, which cannot be broken. The fire extinguisher will prevent the fire ………………………spreading. Piston pumps can……………for pumping air or water. The pedals of a car……………………. A hammer 2. Different materials 3. If a car battery is flat 4. A fire extinguisher a have different properties.

Begine with "A new aquarium" 3- The workshop be cleaned. It is also used for making good Furniture. A- Answer the following questions : 1. What are the properties of wood? What is wood made from? Where is teak grown? B- Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d: 4.

Teak is …………. In colour. The underlined word "it" refers to ………… a Burma b India c Teak d wood 7. Teak can be cut easily with………. Terminology 6 Fill in the spaces with words from the list : television — surrounded — computer — waves — wind 1. A ……………. Is an electronic machine used to process data. The filament in an electric lamp is ………. Sound ……….. The aerial at …………. There are five main types of fire fire extinguishers. Rubber is used for making car tyres because of its flexibility.

Language functions : 1 I'll put them on after opening these bottles. Vocabulary and structure : 2 choose: 1. Wings 3. A hammer is a tool. Different material have different properties. If a car battery is flat, it needs recharging.

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How are the dreams of globalization being subjected to a new emerging political consciousness and to the immediacy of the here and now? For more information, or to purchase the book, click here. Online orders can benefit from a discount using this number: 50CPB15N ]. Historians of the Middle East have long ignored the middle class in general and the activities of Arab capitalists in particular.

Seikaly about this new work and explore how her analysis of class formation in Palestine in the s and s helps diagnose the current moment of interrupted Arab revolutions.

Instead, Palestinian capitalists made politics in the realms left available to them: personal profit and, in the case of Fuad Saba, funding the armed struggle against the mandate.

Nor does she opt to simply condemn the exclusionary element of the liberal middle class project. Rather, she argues that we must study Palestinian men of capital on their own terms in order to push beyond the limits of current extant scholarship. Class formation for bourgeois Palestinian women was an exercise in nation building and feminist praxis as much as it was a means of excluding poor women on the basis of their failed domesticity.

In our conversation, Seikaly suggested that we must consider the possibility that the Arab right has an intellectual project, despite the natural allure of studying the history of the left. We need to understand…the intellectual genealogies that empower and enliven capitalists. Men of Capital is a highly original work that adds to a growing body of literature on the intersections of class, gender, and nation in the modern Middle East.

It anticipates future directions for Middle East social history and will prove indispensable to anyone interested in twentieth-century Palestine. It will also be of interest for historians of capitalism more broadly, whereas in so many areas of the global historiography, the Middle East—despite its centrality in politics of the day—is often an afterthought.

Seikaly's Men of Capital: Scarcity and Economy in Mandate Palestine Stanford University Press, explores how Palestinian capitalists and British colonial officials used economy to shape territory, nationalism, the home, and the body. He is currently finishing a dissertation entitled "Fallow Fields: Famine and the Making of Lebanon ," which probes the intersections of ecology, capital, and colonialism. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya.

You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria jadaliyya. In Damascus, Syrians express a surprising level of optimism Despite the rising prices and power cuts in Syria, interviews with residents suggest a widespread sense of optimism, even as the war drags through its fifth year. The following is the full text of the interview. Assad's ministers face backlash from regime supporters Regime supporters take to social media to criticize the government officials for mishandling ministry responsibilities.

The death of two Syrian journalists Two Syrian journalists were found killed in their homes in Urfa. Their work consisted of trying to provide a counter-narrative to the self-admiring media campaign of the Islamic State. Rebels, Nusra Front advance near Aleppo, 50 regime soldiers killed Opposition forces take a number of towns and villages in the northern province as fighting between rebels and regime soldiers continues.

Family confirms first Russian military fatality in Syria, disputes 'suicide' The body of the first Russian serviceman confirmed dead in four weeks of airstrikes in Syria was delivered on Tuesday 27 October to his parents, who said they were not convinced by the military's account that their year-old son had hanged himself.

Known around town as "the little architect," Muhammad has spent months creating the new Aleppo, the Aleppo he hopes to help build once all the fighting is over.

Syria opposition, rebel dismiss Iran idea for transition Reuters reported on Thursday, 29 October that Damascus ally Iran would accept a six-month transition period at the end of which Assad's fate would be decided in elections, according to a Middle East source familiar with Iran's position.

Group had just won major award from Committee to Protect Journalists. New U. But 10 days of interviews and front-line visits across northern Syria with many of the forces in the alliance made clear that so far it exists in name only, and that the political and logistical challenges it faces are daunting. Islamic State group advances in central Syria, capturing town near highway to Damascus ISIS militant group is advancing in central Syria, seizing control of a town that lies near a highway leading to the capital, Damascus, and attacking another, activists and the group said Nov.

The armed groups say they are doing that to deter indiscriminate government attacks on the area. Will U. Has Russian intervention made situation more clear? The Expert View: U. Walt argues that ISIS "group is just the latest in a long line of state-building revolutionaries, strikingly similar in many ways to the regimes that emerged during the French, Russian, Chinese, Cuban, Cambodian, and Iranian revolutions.

These movements were as hostile to prevailing international norms as ISIS is, and they also used ruthless violence to eliminate or intimidate rivals and demonstrate their power to a wider world. Two police officers also died in the clash in southeastern Turkey, police said. The event was meant to highlight the nearly health workers who have died since the Syrian civil war broke out more than four years ago.

Territories controlled by the Syrian regime, Syrian rebels, and Kurdish fighters all show signs of widespread looting. Ford writes: "As Secretary of State John Kerry seeks to launch a new peace effort on Syria, he needs to be careful about the goals he sets and the language he uses.

Getting the fundamentals wrong at the outset might scuttle the process or could ensure that whatever deal results will crumble under pressure. But that could change if extremists carry out their threats to target Russia.

Anthony H. Cordesman aims to discuss questions like what the future shape of Syria will be, and how it can recover from the present conflict, and more towards any stable process of development. Law enforcement sources and archaeologists tell CBS News that what isn't being destroyed is being sold on a black market that reaches Europe and even the U.

What is life like for those left behind? This article investigates why olive picking season in the north countryside of Aleppo began early this year. Hazem Al-Ammeen writes about the "violated image" of Bashar al-Assad in Moscow and Aleppo and the possibilities of his political future.

Bashar al-Assad met officially with Yusuf bin Alawi bin Abdullah, the Omani the Minister of Foreign Affairs, to discuss regional and international politics. This article investigates the reasons behind why, recently, Al-Nusra Front seized more than 12 houses in the city of Kafr Nabl, Idlib.

In a diplomatic speech responding to international criticism of Saudi Arabia approach to the Syrian refugee crisis, the country claims to host 2.

This article highlights some aspects of the suffering of some Syrian refugee families in Europe who face the risk of forced foster adoption that take their children from them. The Death of Two Syrian Journalists. Ibrahim Hamidi discusses some of the background arrangements in relation to recent Syria peace talks in Vienna.

On the other hand, it was determined by a profound ignorance of the Muslim world, seen through the narrow scope of conquering Orientalism, and imbued by the idea of a European superiority. The latter was only known through the rare stories of travelers and Christian prisoners who had experienced the jails of the Regency. Even the Encyclopedia , regarded in many ways as a masterpiece, echoed these stereotypes.

They speak the language of the Berbers, and Arabic. This article from the Encyclopedia can be held as a summary draft of the colonial discourse on the Berbers, especially on the Kabyle: the "Azuagues" it reads, "are honored to be Christians of origin [and] hate Arabs and other peoples of Africa [sic]. This predisposition lends itself even less to "Arabs" who had already revolted against the French, with their territories in the lowlands being the most coveted by the military and early settlers.

It would play mostly into a kabylophile discourse, sincere or interested, born with the first studies of the Berbers, belonging to those of military ethnography. The Kabyles are the first Berbers in which the French were interested. The pseudo-Kabylophile colonial discourse shapes a large corpus that is still validated nowadays [ 10 ]. In this sense, political leaders who have played a major role in directing and conducting colonial policy could be considered, with regards to history, as cohorts without scale.

Similarly, what has not been entitled to eternity in literature and scientific knowledge on the Berbers had been regarded in its day extremely positively. Kabylophile politician Auguste Warnier was, after all, nothing but a local figure. These officers were not the only ones to nourish the roots of the Kabyle myth.

Many others contributed to it. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each monthly roundup to DARS jadaliyya. In Yemeni journalist Tawakkol Karman was the joint winner of the peace prize for her "struggle for women's rights". But despite the Quartet's achievements, we cannot forget two important points.

First, the role of the civil society should not be limited to the period of the National Dialogue. Second, the winning of the Peace Nobel Prize should not overshadow the reality of things and the challenges that Tunisia and its civil society still has to face. The most visible difference between the reality on the ground in the first and second Intifadas is the prominent role of Israeli settlers in the attacks on Palestinians.

The settler population has become a well-armed, well-organized and ideologically driven militia. There can be no negotiations without a clear Israeli commitment to fully withdraw from the Palestinian territory it occupied in , including East Jerusalem; a complete end to all colonial policies; a recognition of the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people including their right to self-determination and return; and the release of all Palestinian prisoners.

But, by the same token, the second differed in many ways from the first, meaning past intifadas are not reliable indicators of what the next might look like. A New Generation of Resistance , by Yassmine Saleh The current wave of youth protest is not an anomaly in the Palestinian struggle against the Israeli occupation and colonization. Palestinian society is a young society. It is too early to determine their exact class background, but many of them are from refugee camps in the Palestinian cities.

Palestinian Women: Vanguard of Resistance Against Israeli Occupation , by Mariam Mecky Powerful images of Palestinian women masking their faces with the traditional keffiyeh and marching in the streets, schoolgirls throwing stones at occupation forces, and female citizens arguing and tussling with Israeli forces have been going viral.

The legislation includes a number of provisions, among them one that permits the government to strip those convicted of stone throwing of their state benefits.

In effect, the move will further entrench Israeli civil law in occupied East Jerusalem, according to rights groups. Self-Immolation Spreads in Middle East , by Ash Gallagher Since , when Tunisian street vendor Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire in front of the Tunisian government offices, a regional movement against economic disparity has risen to prominence. But self-immolation is a relatively new form of protest in the region. While no foreign troops are directly present in Egypt, Egyptians have realised that the economic model of neoliberalism is essentially neo-colonialism which exploits them politically and economically in manners similar to Britain in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Amin, and two other artists, Caram Kapp and Stone, took credit for the graffiti showed in a recent episode of the series Homeland. The three, who call themselves Arabian Street Artists, say in their statement that it was a subtle protest of false and misleading stereotypes in the series, which has been heavily criticized for its portrayals of Muslims.

The Arabic language has long served as the most potent weapon available to dissident Arab artists in their struggle against European colonialism and American imperialism. These artists echo the earlier demonstrations of defiant resistance from Arab poets. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each roundup to Palestine jadaliyya. The Occupation Forces.

Video: Israeli Soldiers Run Over Palestinian, Attack Medics After running over a Palestinian young man at high speed, Israeli forces would not allow medics to attend his aid, and resorted to spraying them with pepper spray.

The forces shot him multiple times, after the first shot left him immobile on the ground. Why Palestinians Need an International Protection Force Diana Buttu and Nadia Hijab explaining why there is a need for an international protection force to defend the lives of Palestinians.

Israel Clears Palestinian Woman of Stabbing Charges Israa Abed who was shot several times for allegedly planning a stabbing attack was cleared of the charges. The security personnel who shot her will not be persecuted. The article sheds the light on some of the differences in Amnesty Hebrew's reports and their report in English. This is yet another example of the increase of unprovoked settler violence. Israeli Settler shoots Six years old Palestinian Boy Yousef Bayan al-Tabib, six years old Palestinian kid was shot in the stomach by a settler while standing on the side of the road near Qalqiliya.

Adalah: New Punitive Measures by Israel Against Stone Throwers are Unconstitutional Adalah addresses the new measures used against stone throwers and explains why it is illegal.

This is largely due to the Israeli blockade. Israeli Economy Minister resigns to allow major gas deal Israel has made a multibillion dollar deal with US energy giant, Noble Energy, this deal will target offshore gas reserves in the Mediterranean.

It does not reflect the views of the Cities Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send recommendations for inclusion in the Cities Media Roundup to cities jadaliyya. We also welcome your submissions to the Cities Page: please check details on cities. Gated Community Security in Dubai Arabian Business reports that the recent introduction of ID cards in the Nakheel villa has angered community residents, many of whom have been denied entry to their own houses.

Housing Policy in Qatar Lesley Walker reports for Doha News on the publication by the Qatari ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning of a series of interactive maps highlighting districts where housing for foreign migrant workers is banned. The project currently houses nine thousand families, but is under strain following the arrival of survivors of the Duweiqa rockslide. War and Cities. Urban Services during Conflict This report presents the experience and challenges of providing services during armed conflict in urban settings, as encountered by the International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC , proposing new recommendations.

This detailed report portrays the city not just as a space of occupation and neoliberal development, but as a site of social dynamism and resistance. The Syrian War Economy Henri Mamarbachi, writing for Orient XXI , analyses the factors which have influenced the development of the Syrian war economy, including the pre-war drought and Iranian financial support.

The first "reconstructions" of the Temple of Bel have already been released. Syrians in Zaatari Camp Longing to Leave Al-Jazeera English reports from inside Jordan's largest refugee camp, which has developed into an informal city with a bustling economy, and discusses some of the pressures facing its residents. See here for Dalieh , and see here for Heneine Palace. Urban Graffiti: Beirut E.

Liberate the Municipal Fund Sami Atallah, the executive of the Lebanese Center for Policy Studies, calls for the return of funds to municipalities as a way of both tackling the waste crisis and decentralizing political power. Project: Weaponized Architecture In this entry, Leopold Lambert features an architectural project that was presented for the Weaponized Architecture initiative, which proposes an illegal Palestinian shelter and an agricultural platform.

Deadline: 30 November Deadline: 15 January Deadline: 15 February Call for Papers: Global Histories of Refugees A call for conference papers on the topic of the history of refugees through the 20th and 21st centuries. The conference will take place in Melbourne between 7 and 8 October He's the half-brother to the King of Ruritania. He's gone back for the coronation," Featherly Rassendyll 10 "I don't think he likes being only a Duke.

And there are many others who think the same. It's amazing! He looks just like the King! We'd do anything for him. Where are you travelling to? Do you think he was poisoned? I think I'd like to be King for a day. Look, it's the Duke! It's a real puzzle. But when did they find out? What's more important is what we have to tell you. Some materials can be stretched without breaking. They are very ductile. Mona : Fatma, I have some great news!

I've passed my examination in computer skills. Fatma : Mone : Thanks. But ? Mona : Use this cotton cloth to dry it. The cotton will the water. Is hard It is also rust-resistant. We make wood from trees Furniture, doors, windows and many other useful things are made of wood. Teak is hardwood which is grown in India and Burma.

Some glues cannot be used with teak. The oils in teak have a strong resistance the glues. Teak can be cut easily, if the tools are sharp. It is often used for making the decks of ship because of its toughness and resistance to water. It is also used for making good quality furniture. Translate into Arabic: 3 Marks. Match one part from A with a part from : 4m. It is important to learn foreign languages nowadays. Trans are slower than aeroplans. Faster than……. A hand drill is a tool. It makes holes in materials ……..

Why don't we discuss the matter now? Let's ………………….. When you drive your car , there are many rules to follow.

Your car should be in a good condition. You should check the amount of petrol in your car , otherwise it may stop suddenly in the middle of a crowded street causing you a lot of trouble. Adjust the mirror to be sure that no one is parking behind you. The tyres should be checked before moving. If you neglect that , you will have to face the trouble of changing the flat tyre yourself.

It might rain suddenly and spoil your trip. You have to check the brakes also or you will bang against the frist tree in front of you. After all these precautions , do you still want to drive a car?

A your car b your wipers c your engine d your tyres. Instructions - decrease - chemicals - increased - accurate - findings. Increased 2.

Instructions 3. Findings 4. Accurate 5. English for Industrial schools — 3 rd Secondary. Suspended — ductile — television — important — staff — memo. One mark each. Glass has been discovered a long time ago. Glass is a hard, brittle and transparent material which can be broken easily. Glass is used for making windows, mirrors, bottles and many other useful things.

When glass is heated, it melts and changes into liquid. Glass is a use ful material. To get this job, you must be good skilful at using computer. TOS - Privacy Poilcy. You 're breaking the safety rules. Worker I'm sorry, sir. Kamal No, Gaafar.

You must put them on before entering the building site. Worker Ok, I'm sorry. Kamal And don't open those bottles without putting on your gloves first. Worker No, sir. Kamal You must 2 …………………………………………………………..

Worker Yes, sir. Kamal And remember to wash your hands after using the chemicals. Worker Ok, 3 ………………………………………………………………….. Vocabulary and structure : 2 Choose the correct words to complete the sentences : 1. If you go windsurfing. You must put ……………your lifejacket. Windows in aeroplanes are made of a…………………plastic, which cannot be broken.

The fire extinguisher will prevent the fire ………………………spreading. Piston pumps can……………for pumping air or water. The pedals of a car…………………….